PDGFRA Antibody

Datasheet
Code CSB-PA017712KA01HU
Product Type Rabbit Anti Human PolyClonal Antibody
Size US$398
Uniprot No. P16234
Image
  • Western blot analysis of extracts of HepG2 cell lines, using PDGFRA antibody.
Protocols ELISA Protocol
Western Blotting(WB) Protocol
Immunohistochemistry (IHC) Protocol
Immunogen Recombinant protein of Human PDGFRA
Raised in Rabbit
Species Reactivity Human,Mouse,Rat
Tested Applications ELISA,WB,IHC;WB:1:500-1:2000,IHC:1:50-1:200
Relevance Platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) family proteins exist as several disulphide-bonded, dimeric isoforms (PDGF AA, PDGF AB, PDGF BB, PDGF CC, and PDGF DD) that bind in a specific pattern to two closely related receptor tyrosine kinases, PDGF receptor α (PDGFRα) and PDGF receptor β (PDGFRβ). PDGFRα and PDGFRβ share 75% to 85% sequence homology between their two intracellular kinase domains, while the kinase insert and carboxy-terminal tail regions display a lower level (27% to 28%) of homology. PDGFRα homodimers bind all PDGF isoforms except those containing PDGF D. PDGFRβ homodimers bind PDGF BB and DD isoforms, as well as the PDGF AB heterodimer. The heteromeric PDGF receptor α/β binds PDGF B, C, and D homodimers, as well as the PDGF AB heterodimer. PDGFRα and PDGFRβ can each form heterodimers with EGFR, which is also activated by PDGF. Various cells differ in the total number of receptors present and in the receptor subunit composition, which may account for responsive differences among cell types to PDGF binding. Ligand binding induces receptor dimerization and autophosphorylation, followed by binding and activation of cytoplasmic SH2 domain-containing signal transduction molecules, such as GRB2, Src, GAP, PI3 kinase, PLCγ, and NCK. A number of different signaling pathways are initiated by activated PDGF receptors and lead to control of cell growth, actin reorganization, migration, and differentiation. Tyr751 in the kinase-insert region of PDGFRβ is the docking site for PI3 kinase. Phosphorylated pentapeptides derived from Tyr751 of PDGFRβ (pTyr751-Val-Pro-Met-Leu) inhibit the association of the carboxy-terminal SH2 domain of the p85 subunit of PI3 kinase with PDGFRβ. Tyr740 is also required for PDGFRβ-mediated PI3 kinase activation.
Storage Buffer Store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid freeze / thaw cycles. Buffer: PBS with 0.02% sodium azide, 50% glycerol, pH7.3.
Purification Method Affinity purification
Isotype IgG
Alias PDGFRA; CD140A; MGC74795; PDGFR2; Rhe-PDGFRA
Immunogen Species Homo sapiens (Human)
Intended Use For research use only. Not for human, diagnostic or therapeutic use.
Target Names PDGFRA
Storage Upon receipt, store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid repeated freeze.
Target Details This gene encodes a cell surface tyrosine kinase receptor for members of the platelet-derived growth factor family. These growth factors are mitogens for cells of mesenchymal origin. The identity of the growth factor bound to a receptor monomer determines whether the functional receptor is a homodimer or a heterodimer, composed of both platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha and beta polypeptides. Studies in knockout mice, where homozygosity is lethal, indicate that the alpha form of the platelet-derived growth factor receptor is particularly important for kidney development since mice heterozygous for the receptor exhibit defective kidney phenotypes.
HGNC 8803
RGD 3284
MGI 97530
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Function Tyrosine-protein kinase that acts as a cell-surface receptor for PDGFA, PDGFB and PDGFC and plays an essential role in the regulation of embryonic development, cell proliferation, survival and chemotaxis. Depending on the context, promotes or inhibits cell proliferation and cell migration. Plays an important role in the differentiation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells. Required for normal skeleton development and cephalic closure during embryonic development. Required for normal development of the mucosa lining the gastrointestinal tract, and for recruitment of mesenchymal cells and normal development of intestinal villi. Plays a role in cell migration and chemotaxis in wound healing. Plays a role in platelet activation, secretion of agonists from platelet granules, and in thrombin-induced platelet aggregation. Binding of its cognate ligands - homodimeric PDGFA, homodimeric PDGFB, heterodimers formed by PDGFA and PDGFB or homodimeric PDGFC -leads to the activation of several signaling cascades; the response depends on the nature of the bound ligand and is modulated by the formation of heterodimers between PDGFRA and PDGFRB. Phosphorylates PIK3R1, PLCG1, and PTPN11. Activation of PLCG1 leads to the production of the cellular signaling molecules diacylglycerol and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate, mobilization of cytosolic Ca(2+) and the activation of protein kinase C. Phosphorylates PIK3R1, the regulatory subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, and thereby mediates activation of the AKT1 signaling pathway. Mediates activation of HRAS and of the MAP kinases MAPK1/ERK2 and/or MAPK3/ERK1. Promotes activation of STAT family members STAT1, STAT3 and STAT5A and/or STAT5B. Receptor signaling is down-regulated by protein phosphatases that dephosphorylate the receptor and its down-stream effectors, and by rapid internalization of the activated receptor.
Involvement in disease Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST)
Subcellular Location Cell membrane, Single-pass type I membrane protein
Protein Families Protein kinase superfamily, Tyr protein kinase family, CSF-1/PDGF receptor subfamily
Tissue Specificity Detected in platelets (at protein level). Widely expressed. Detected in brain, fibroblasts, smooth muscle, heart, and embryo. Expressed in primary and metastatic colon tumors and in normal colon tissue.
Database Links

HGNC: 8803

OMIM: 173490

KEGG: hsa:5156

STRING: 9606.ENSP00000257290

UniGene: Hs.74615

Pathway Calcium signaling pathway
Jak-STAT signaling pathway
MAPK signaling pathway
PI3K-Akt signaling pathway
Focal adhesion
Gap junction
Regulation of actin cytoskeleton
Ras signaling pathway
Phospholipase D signaling pathway
Rap1 signaling pathway
Endocytosis

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