Adenylyltransferase and sulfurtransferase uba4
Common component for nitrate reductase and xanthine dehydrogenase protein F
Ubiquitin-like protein activator 4
Including the following 2 domains:
The shelf life is related to many factors, storage state, buffer ingredients, storage temperature and the stability of the protein itself. Generally, the shelf life of liquid form is 6 months at -20°C/-80°C. The shelf life of lyophilized form is 12 months at -20°C/-80°C.
Repeated freezing and thawing is not recommended. Store working aliquots at 4°C for up to one week.
Plays a central role in 2-thiolation of mcm(5)S(2)U at tRNA wobble positions of cytosolic tRNA(Lys), tRNA(Glu) and tRNA(Gln). Also essential during biosynthesis of the molybdenum cofactor. Acts by mediating the C-terminal thiocarboxylation of sulfur carriers urm1 and mocs2a. Its N-terminus first activates urm1 and mocs2a as acyl-adenylates (-COAMP), then the persulfide sulfur on the catalytic cysteine is transferred to urm1 and mocs2a to form thiocarboxylation (-COSH) of their C-terminus. The reaction probably involves hydrogen sulfide that is generated from the persulfide intermediate and that acts as nucleophile towards urm1 and mocs2a. Subsequently, a transient disulfide bond is formed. Does not use thiosulfate as sulfur donor; nfs1 probably acting as a sulfur donor for thiocarboxylation reactions (By similarity).