Serine/threonine-protein kinase 1
Vaccinia protein kinase 1
The shelf life is related to many factors, storage state, buffer ingredients, storage temperature and the stability of the protein itself. Generally, the shelf life of liquid form is 6 months at -20°C/-80°C. The shelf life of lyophilized form is 12 months at -20°C/-80°C.
Repeated freezing and thawing is not recommended. Store working aliquots at 4°C for up to one week.
Essential serine/threonine-protein kinase that plays different role in the viral life cycle. Phosphorylates the host small ribosomal protein RACK1 thereby customizing the ribosomes to a state optimal for viral mRNAs (which contain poly-A leaders) but not for host mRNAs. Facilitates viral DNA replication by inhibiting host BANF1, a cellular host defense responsive to foreign DNA. Phosphorylates host BANF1 on serine and threonine residues; this leads to BANF1 relocalization to the cytoplasm, loss of dimerization and impaired DNA binding activity. Indeed, BANF1 activity depends on its DNA-binding property which is blocked by VPK1-mediated phosphorylation. Required for viral intermediate genes expression, probably by inhibiting host BANF1. Modulates cellular responses via host JUN by two different mechanisms, either by direct phosphorylation or by modulation of upstream JIP1-MAPK complexes. Seems to participates in the accumulation/processing of late proteins and thus in virion maturation.
Virion, Host cytoplasm
Protein kinase superfamily, Ser/Thr protein kinase family, Poxviruses subfamily