Human Syntaxin-1A(STX1A) ELISA kit

Code CSB-EL022895HU
Size 96T,5×96T,10×96T How to order?
Trial Size 24T ELISA kits trial application
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Product Details


This Human STX1A ELISA Kit was designed for the quantitative measurement of Human STX1A protein in serum, tissue homogenates. It is a Sandwich ELISA kit, its detection range is 15.6 pg/mL-1000 pg/mL and the sensitivity is 3.9 pg/mL.

Target Name syntaxin 1A (brain)
Alternative Names HPC 1 ELISA Kit; Neuron specific antigen HPC1 ELISA Kit; Neuron-specific antigen HPC-1 ELISA Kit; OTTHUMP00000174615 ELISA Kit; OTTHUMP00000174616 ELISA Kit; OTTHUMP00000174617 ELISA Kit; OTTHUMP00000174618 ELISA Kit; P35-1 ELISA Kit; STX1 ELISA Kit; STX1A ELISA Kit; STX1A_HUMAN ELISA Kit; SYN1A ELISA Kit; Syntaxin 1A (brain) ELISA Kit; Syntaxin 1A brain ELISA Kit; Syntaxin-1A ELISA Kit
Abbreviation STX1A
Uniprot No. Q16623
Species Homo sapiens (Human)
Sample Types serum, tissue homogenates
Detection Range 15.6 pg/mL-1000 pg/mL
Sensitivity 3.9 pg/mL
Assay Time 1-5h
Sample Volume 50-100ul
Detection Wavelength 450 nm
Research Area Neuroscience
Assay Principle quantitative
Measurement Sandwich
Intra-assay Precision (Precision within an assay): CV%<8%
Three samples of known concentration were tested twenty times on one plate to assess.
Inter-assay Precision (Precision between assays): CV%<10%
Three samples of known concentration were tested in twenty assays to assess.
To assess the linearity of the assay, samples were spiked with high concentrations of human STX1A in various matrices and diluted with the Sample Diluent to produce samples with values within the dynamic range of the assay.
1:1Average %95
Range %90-102
1:2Average %90
Range %85-96
1:4Average %97
Range %91-105
1:8Average %94
Range %86-100
The recovery of human STX1A spiked to levels throughout the range of the assay in various matrices was evaluated. Samples were diluted prior to assay as directed in the Sample Preparation section.
Sample TypeAverage % RecoveryRange
Serum (n=5) 9792-104
EDTA plasma (n=4)9588-101
Typical Data
These standard curves are provided for demonstration only. A standard curve should be generated for each set of samples assayed.
10002.489 2.452 2.471 2.334
5002.049 1.989 2.019 1.882
2501.450 1.399 1.425 1.288
1250.913 0.867 0.890 0.753
62.50.582 0.551 0.567 0.430
31.20.361 0.357 0.359 0.222
15.60.246 0.234 0.240 0.103
00.136 0.138 0.137  
ELISA Data Analysis Watch ELISA data processing video & download Curve Expert if needed
and FAQs
Storage Store at 2-8°C. Please refer to protocol.
Lead Time 3-5 working days

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Target Background

(From Uniprot)
Plays an essential role in hormone and neurotransmitter calcium-dependent exocytosis and endocytosis. Part of the SNARE (Soluble NSF Attachment Receptor) complex composed of SNAP25, STX1A and VAMP2 which mediates the fusion of synaptic vesicles with the presynaptic plasma membrane. STX1A and SNAP25 are localized on the plasma membrane while VAMP2 resides in synaptic vesicles. The pairing of the three SNAREs from the N-terminal SNARE motifs to the C-terminal anchors leads to the formation of the SNARE complex, which brings membranes into close proximity and results in final fusion. Participates in the calcium-dependent regulation of acrosomal exocytosis in sperm. Plays also an important role in the exocytosis of hormones such as insulin or glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1).
Gene References into Functions
  1. Some Autism spectrum disorder patients had haploidy of STX1A gene and lower STX1A gene expression. PMID: 28235601
  2. Analysing protein mobility, cluster size and accessibility to myc-epitopes the authors show that forces acting on the transmembrane segment produce loose clusters, while cytoplasmic protein interactions mediate a tightly packed state. PMID: 28722652
  3. Our results suggest that, as in the CNS, CADM1 interactions drive exocytic site assembly and promote actin network formation. These results support the broader hypothesis that the effects of cell-cell contact on beta-cell maturation and function are mediated by the same extracellular protein interactions that drive the formation of the presynaptic exocytic machinery. These interactions may be therapeutic targets for re... PMID: 27072493
  4. A significant interactive two-locus model of STX1A_rs4363087|VAMP2_rs2278637 (presynaptic genes) was observed among SVC variants in all epilepsy cases. PMID: 27458546
  5. Mislocalization of syntaxin-1 was found in pluripotent stem cells from epileptic encephalopathy patient. PMID: 26918652
  6. Blockade of the SNARE protein syntaxin 1 inhibits glioblastoma tumor growth. PMID: 25803850
  7. SNARE complex genes and their interactions may play a significant role in susceptibility and working memory of ADHD. PMID: 25445064
  8. We described clinical, genetic, and functional data from 17 families with a diagnosis of benign familial neonatal epilepsy caused by KCNQ2 or KCNQ3 mutations and we showed that some mutations lead to a reduction of Q2 channel regulation by syntaxin-1A. PMID: 24375629
  9. no associaton with idiopathic generalized epilepsy was found regarding Intron 7 rs1569061 of Syntaxin 1A gene, MnlI rs3746544 and DdeI rs1051312 polymorphisms of SNAP-25 gene compared with healthy subjects PMID: 24164654
  10. The clinical relevance of STX1A variants in CF PMID: 23572023
  11. PIP2 affects islet beta-cell KATP channels not only by its actions on Kir6.2 but also by sequestering Syn-1A to modulate Syn-1A availability and its interactions with SUR1 on PM. PMID: 24429282
  12. Prefusion structure of syntaxin-1A suggests pathway for folding into neuronal trans-SNARE complex fusion intermediate. PMID: 24218570
  13. N-peptide and LE mutation have no effect on the global conformation of the Munc18a-Syx1a complex. PMID: 23858467
  14. the preferential binding of CAPS1 to open syntaxin-1 can contribute to the stabilization of the open state of syntaxin-1 during its transition from "closed" state to the SNARE complex formation. PMID: 23801330
  15. The histone modification marks were significantly increased in bipolar disorder and major depression and this effect was correlated with significant increases in Syn1a gene expression. PMID: 22571925
  16. syntaxin 1 and SNAP-25 cooperate as SNARE proteins to support neuron survival. PMID: 23403573
  17. In dementia with Lewy bodies patients there were lower levels of syntaxin in visual cortex compared to controls. PMID: 23242284
  18. Platelets deficient in Munc18b from a Familial Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis type 5 had secretion defect. PMID: 22791290
  19. Exocytotic dysfunctions in schizophrenia are probably related to an imbalance of the interaction between munc18-1a and SNARE (mainly syntaxin-1A) complex. PMID: 21669024
  20. Direct interaction between syntaxin 1A and the Kv2.1 C-terminus is required for efficient insulin exocytosis and glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. PMID: 22411134
  21. Nesca directly binds KIF5B, kinesin light-chain and syntaxin-1 PMID: 22404429
  22. Our results provide support for the hypothesis that STX1A represents a susceptibility gene for migraine PMID: 22250207
  23. DrrA activation of the Rab1 GTPase on plasma membrane-derived organelles stimulated the tethering of endoplasmic reticulum-derived vesicles, resulting in vesicle fusion through the pairing of Sec22b with the plasma membrane syntaxin proteins. PMID: 22264512
  24. A Ca(v)3.2/syntaxin-1A signaling complex controls T-type channel activity and low-threshold exocytosis. PMID: 22130660
  25. Forming an acceptor SNARE complex between syntaxin-1A and SNAP-25 weakens but does not abrogate cholesterol-controlled cluster formation and indicates that the reconstitution process results in equal incorporation of protein at either lipid composition. PMID: 21916482
  26. Recombinant alpha-SNAP-M105I has greater affinity for the cytosolic portion of immunoprecipitated syntaxin than the wild type protein. PMID: 21789195
  27. association of STX1A with autism in a trio association study; in the anterior cingulate gyrus region, STX1A expression in the autism group was found to be significantly lower than controls; suggests a possible role of STX1A in pathogenesis of autism PMID: 21118708
  28. Syntaxin 1A effects may be additive but can be blocked at different concentration ranges of calmodulin, suggesting selective presynaptic targeting to directly regulate exocytosis. PMID: 21976501
  29. syntaxin 1A, a neuronal regulator of presynaptic vesicle release, may play a role in WS and be a component of the cellular pathway determining human intelligence. PMID: 20422020
  30. ATP regulates pancreatic beta-cell K(ATP) channel activity, not only by its direct actions on Kir6.2 pore subunit, but also via ATP modulation of Syn-1A binding to SUR1. PMID: 21173146
  31. Results suggest that variants in RNASEL contribute to susceptibility to early onset and familial forms of prostate cancer. PMID: 20564318
  32. This protein has been found differentially expressed in thalami from patients with schizophrenia. PMID: 20471030
  33. We confirmed the involvement of syntaxin 1A in migraine susceptibility regarding rs941298. In addition, we found rs6951030 to also be associated in Portuguese migraine patients. PMID: 20385907
  34. SNAP-25 traffics to the plasma membrane by a syntaxin-independent mechanism. PMID: 12114505
  35. Munc18b binds to syntaxins 1A, 2, and 3 and regulates vesicle transport to the apical plasma membrane PMID: 12198139
  36. CFTR channels are coordinately regulated by two cognate t-SNAREs, SNAP-23 (synaptosome-associated protein of 23 kDa) and syntaxin 1A. PMID: 12209004
  37. interacts with CFTR protein differently from interactions with SNARE. PMID: 12446681
  38. Syntaxin/Munc18 interactions in the late events during vesicle fusion and release in exocytosis PMID: 15175344
  39. interacts with dopamine transporter PMID: 15202772
  40. A significant genetic association was found between schizophrenia and an intron 7 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) tested. Haplotype analysis supported the association with several significant values that appear to be driven by the intron 7 SNP. PMID: 15219469
  41. cleavage of APP but not syntaxin 1 is independent of cell surface regulation by extracellular ligands PMID: 15316009
  42. Syn-1A binds both NBFs of SUR1 and SUR2A but appears to exhibit distinct interactions with NBF2 of these SUR proteins in modulating the KATP channels in islet beta cells and cardiac myocytes PMID: 15339904
  43. Syntaxin-1A actions on sulfonylurea receptor 2A blocks acidic pH-induced cardiac K(ATP) channel activation PMID: 16672225
  44. Norepinephrine transpossrter/syntaxin 1A complex rapidly redistributes, upon amphetamine treatment, when mechanisms supported by the transporter's NH2 terminus are eliminated. PMID: 17032905
  45. analysis of the spatially distinct modes of munc18-syntaxin 1 interaction PMID: 17264080
  46. the mechanisms involved in Syn1A-K(v) interactions vary significantly between K(v) channels, thus providing a wide scope for Syn1A modulation of exocytosis and membrane excitability PMID: 17506992
  47. the H(abc) domain has a role in membrane trafficking and targeting of syntaxin 1A PMID: 17543282
  48. A lower frequency of the PRM -352T allele of the STX1A gene in overweight/obese subjects impaires glucose regulation, particularly among individuals with combined glucose intolerance and overt diabetes. PMID: 17912268
  49. We have identified a new three-gene classifier that is independent of and improves on stage to stratify early-stage NSCLC patients with significantly different prognoses. PMID: 18065728
  50. The expression of the SNARE protein SNAP-25 and its cellular homologue SNAP-23, as well as syntaxin1 and VAMP (vesicle-associated membrane protein) in samples of normal parathyroid tissue, chief cell adenoma, and parathyroid carcinoma, was examined. PMID: 18457912

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Involvement in disease STX1A is located in the Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) critical region. WBS results from a hemizygous deletion of several genes on chromosome 7q11.23, thought to arise as a consequence of unequal crossing over between highly homologous low-copy repeat sequences flanking the deleted region.
Subcellular Location Cytoplasmic vesicle, secretory vesicle, synaptic vesicle membrane; Single-pass type IV membrane protein. Cell junction, synapse, synaptosome. Cell membrane.; [Isoform 2]: Secreted.
Protein Families Syntaxin family
Tissue Specificity Isoform 1 is highly expressed in embryonic spinal chord and ganglia and in adult cerebellum and cerebral cortex. Isoform 2 is expressed in heart, liver, fat, skeletal muscle, kidney and brain.
Database Links

HGNC: 11433

OMIM: 186590

KEGG: hsa:6804

STRING: 9606.ENSP00000222812

UniGene: Hs.647024

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