Small Molecules Antibodies
What is the meaning of small molecule?
In the fields of molecular biology and pharmacology, the term small molecule refers to a low molecular weight (< 900 daltons) non-peptide, organic compound that may regulate a biological process. Small molecules as research materials have many advantages since they can be designed to be selective, potent, water soluble or cell permeable. Most drugs are small molecules. Larger structures such as nucleic acids and proteins, and many polysaccharides are not small molecules, although their constituent monomers (ribo- or deoxyribonucleotides, amino acids, and monosaccharides, respectively) are often considered small molecules.
CUSABIO's small molecules antibodies
Small molecules are common components existing in medicine, food, cosmetics, pesticides, narcotics and research reagents, which also can be found in human bodies as well as the environment. Small Molecule Antibodies from CUSABIO can be applied in a wide range, such as research, diagnostics, theranostics, environmental monitoring, food testing and drug abuse testing. Note that, as the following list shows, all of CUSABIO small molecules antibodies are monoclonal antibodies and have high specificity in validated application.
Hot small molecules
The following are brife introductions of several hot small molecules.
Neomycin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic that fights bacteria in the body and is used to reduce the risk of infection during surgery of your intestines. Neomycin is also used to reduce the symptoms of hepatic coma. It can be found in many topical medications such as creams, ointments, and eyedrops. Neomycin belongs to aminoglycoside class of antibiotics that contain two or more amino sugars connected by glycosidic bonds. Neomycin Monoclonal Antibody also is used to detect neomycin antigen.
Nitrofurazone, also abbreviated as INN, is a semicarbazone resulting from the formal condensation of semicarbazide with 5-nitrofuraldehyde. A broad spectrum antibacterial drug, although with little activity against Pseudomonas species, it is used as a local application for burns, ulcers, wounds and skin infections.
Furaltadone is an oxazolidinone that is 1,3-oxazolidin-2-one substituted at position 1 by a (5-nitro-2-furyl)methylene]amino group and at position 5 by a morpholin-4-ylmethyl group. An antibacterial formerly used oraly but withdrawn due to toxicity, it is used topically (as the hydrochloride salt) for treatment of ear disorders.
Cholic acid, also known as 3α,7α,12α-trihydroxy-5β-cholan-24-oic acid, is a naturally occurring bile acid that is used to treat patients with genetic deficiencies in the synthesis of bile acids. When given in high doses, cholic acid replacement therapy has been linked to minor elevations in serum aminotransferase levels, but it has not been linked to instances of clinically apparent acute liver injury with jaundice.
Cortisol is a steroid hormone in the glucocorticoid class of hormones. It is also known as hydrocortisone as a medication. It is produced in humans by the zona fasciculata of the adrenal cortex within the adrenal gland. It is released in response to stress and low blood-glucose concentration.
Testosterone is a male sex hormone that is important for sexual and reproductive development. It belongs to a class of male hormones called androgens, which are sometimes called steroids or anabolic steroids. The National Institutes of Health regards testosterone as the most important male hormone. Women also produce testosterone, but at lower levels than men.