Intra-assay Precision (Precision within an assay): CV%<8%
Three samples of known concentration were tested twenty times on one plate to assess.
Inter-assay Precision (Precision between assays):CV%<10%
Three samples of known concentration were tested in twenty assays to assess.
To assess the linearity of the assay, samples were spiked with high concentrations of human ANTXR1 in various matrices and diluted with the Sample Diluent to produce samples with values within the dynamic range of the assay.
The recovery of human ANTXR1 spiked to levels throughout the range of the assay in various matrices was evaluated. Samples were diluted prior to assay as directed in the Sample Preparation section.
Average % Recovery
EDTA plasma (n=4)
These standard curves are provided for demonstration only. A standard curve should be generated for each set of samples assayed.
Thanks for your inquiry! This kit is designed for human matrix, so we don't suggest you test other species.. You can have a try if you want to test porcine samples.
Function (From Uniprot)
Plays a role in cell attachment and migration. Interacts with extracellular matrix proteins and with the actin cytoskeleton. Mediates adhesion of cells to type 1 collagen and gelatin, reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton and promotes cell spreading. Plays a role in the angiogenic response of cultured umbilical vein endothelial cells.; (Microbial infection) Acts as a receptor for protective antigen (PA) of B.anthracis.
Gene References into Functions
Silencing TEM8 may inhibit proliferation of XWLC05 lung cancer cells, promote cell apoptosis, arrest the cell cycle at G1 phase and decrease the migration and invasive ability. PMID: 29115620
Novel targets ANTXR1 and RSPO2 were confirmed to be suppressed by miR-493 directly. PMID: 28651234
These studies identify ANTXR1, a class of receptor that is shared by a mammalian virus and a bacterial toxin, as the cellular receptor for Seneca Valley virus. PMID: 28650343
expression does not affect cytotoxicity to anthrax toxin PMID: 27170489
Findings suggest that down-regulation of tumor endothelial marker 8 play an important role in the inhibition of tumorigenesis and development of osteosarcoma. PMID: 26996335
TEM8 may be differentially expressed between wound types and loss of this molecule impacts HaCaT growth and migration, potentially implicating this molecule as a factor involved in successful progression of wound healing. PMID: 26677171
In the absence of any N-linked glycans, TEM8 fails to fold correctly and is recognized by the ER quality control machinery. PMID: 25781883
These studies expand the allelic spectrum in this rare condition and potentially provide insight into the role of ANTXR1 in the regulation of the extracellular matrix. PMID: 25045128
TEM8-targeted siRNAs also offered significant protection against lethal toxin in human macrophage-like cells. PMID: 24742682
ANTXR2 is expressed by human uterine smooth muscle cell and appears important for normal human uterine smooth muscle cell viability, migration and contractility. PMID: 24060446
High ANTXR1 accelerates breast tumor growth and lung metastasis. PMID: 23832666
There is an attenuation of ANTXR1 expression post-infection which may be a protective mechanism that has evolved to prevent reinfection. PMID: 23607659
Mutations affecting ANTXR1 function are responsible for GAPO syndrome's characteristic generalized defect in extracellular-matrix homeostasis. PMID: 23602711
Two new splice variants, one encoding a membrane-bound form of the receptor and the other secreted, which we have designated V4 and V5 (the latter being the only variant expressed in the prostate). PMID: 22912819
An acidic region in the cytosolic tail of ANTXR1 decreases actin association, sending a signal that prevents binding of ANTXR1 to the protective antigen and providing evidence that cytoskeletal dynamics regulate ANTXR1 function. PMID: 22303962
Disruption of Tem8 results in impaired growth of human tumor xenografts of diverse origin including melanoma, breast, colon, and lung cancer. PMID: 22340594
The copy number of CEA and TEM-8 mRNA, as detected by a real-time quantitative PCR, appears to be a promising marker for evaluating the risk of tumor spread. PMID: 21573768
postulate that the developmentally controlled expression of TEM8 modulates endothelial cell response to canonical Wnt signaling to regulate vessel patterning and density PMID: 21829615
TEM8.1 expression in breast cancer cells confers a more aggressive, proangiogenic phenotype. PMID: 22085271
TEM8 was expressed at a higher level in the stroma adjacent to the triple-negative breast cancer in all cases, with focal immunoreactive areas within the tumor. PMID: 21965755
studies reveal that TEM8 exists in different forms at the cell surface, a structure dependent on interactions with components of the actin cytoskeleton PMID: 21129411
Data show that the two different PA oligomers are equally stabilized by ANTXR interactions. PMID: 21079738
Results describe the expression, purification and crystallization of human anthrax toxin receptor 1 vWA domain to 1.8 A resolution from a single crystal. PMID: 21206026
the crystal structure of the TEM8 extracellular vWA domain at 1.7 A resolution. PMID: 20585457
actin was also found to be essential for efficient heptamerization of anthrax toxin PA, but only when bound to one of its 2 receptors, TEM8 PMID: 20221438
Here we describe the cloning of the human PA receptor using a genetic complementation approach PMID: 11700562
This is the first demonstration that the ATR/TEM8 protein is highly expressed in epithelial cells, suggesting that the ATR/TEM8 expression pattern is highly relevant for understanding the pathogenesis of anthrax infection. PMID: 15689409
results indicate that TEM8 plays a positive role in endothelial cell activities related to angiogenesis PMID: 15777794
These results suggest that the TEM-8 vW and transmembrane domains may play an important biological role in TEM-8 related tubule formation. PMID: 15993844
because protective antigen binds to CMG2 with much higher affinity than it does to TEM8, a lower pH is needed to attenuate CMG2 binding to allow pore formation; toxin can form pores at different points in the endocytic pathway PMID: 16141341
Data show that cells expressing palmitoylation-defective mutant receptors are less sensitive to anthrax toxin due to a lower number of surface receptors as well as premature internalization of protective antigen without a requirement for heptamerization. PMID: 16401723
TEM8 is a new adhesion molecule linking collagen I or PA to the actin cytoskeleton PMID: 16762926
TEM8 expression levels in DC-based therapeutic vaccines would allow the selection of a subgroup of patients who are most likely to benefit from therapeutic vaccination. PMID: 19440709
ANTXR1 does not use an adaptor to bind the cytoskeleton. This peptide orders actin filaments into arrays, demonstrating an actin bundling activity that is novel for a membrane protein PMID: 19817382
ATR/TEM8 protein is highly expressed in epithelial cells, which represent the primary location for bacterial invasion. PMID: 15689409
Cell membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Cell projection, lamellipodium membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Cell projection, filopodium membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein.
Detected in umbilical vein endothelial cells (at protein level). Highly expressed in tumor endothelial cells.