Rat microalbunminuria(MAU/ALB) ELISA kit

Code CSB-E12991r
Size 96T,5×96T,10×96T
Trial Size 24T ELISA kits trial application
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Product Details

Target Name microalbunminuria(MAU/ALB)
Alternative Names Alb 1 ELISA Kit; alb ELISA Kit; ALBU_RAT ELISA Kit; Albumin ELISA Kit; Serum albumin ELISA Kit
Abbreviation MAU/ALB
Uniprot No. P02770
Species Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Sample Types serum, plasma, urine
Detection Range 0.01 μg/mL-40 μg/mL
Sensitivity 0.01 μg/mL
Assay Time 1-5h
Sample Volume 50-100ul
Detection Wavelength 450 nm
Research Area Metabolism
Assay Principle quantitative
Measurement Sandwich
Precision
Intra-assay Precision (Precision within an assay): CV%<8%      
Three samples of known concentration were tested twenty times on one plate to assess.  
Inter-assay Precision (Precision between assays): CV%<10%      
Three samples of known concentration were tested in twenty assays to assess.    
             
Linearity
To assess the linearity of the assay, samples were spiked with high concentrations of rat MAU in various matrices and diluted with the Sample Diluent to produce samples with values within the dynamic range of the assay.
  Sample Serum(n=4)  
1:1000 Average % 93  
Range % 85-107  
1:2000 Average % 95  
Range % 87-104  
1:4000 Average % 89  
Range % 84-100  
1:8000 Average % 90  
Range % 81-102  
Recovery
The recovery of rat MAU spiked to levels throughout the range of the assay in various matrices was evaluated. Samples were diluted prior to assay as directed in the Sample Preparation section.
Sample Type Average % Recovery Range  
Serum (n=5) 92 88-97  
EDTA plasma (n=4) 97 90-105  
             
             
Typical Data
These standard curves are provided for demonstration only. A standard curve should be generated for each set of samples assayed.
μg/ml OD1 OD2 Average Corrected  
40 2.345 2.412 2.379 2.279  
10 2.176 2.210 2.193 2.093  
2.5 1.682 1.657 1.670 1.570  
0.625 1.237 1.253 1.245 1.145  
0.156 0.783 0.802 0.793 0.693  
0.039 0.429 0.436 0.433 0.333  
0.01 0.272 0.281 0.277 0.177  
0 0.101 0.098 0.100    
ELISA Data Analysis Watch ELISA data processing video & download Curve Expert if needed
Troubleshooting
and FAQs
ELISA kit FAQs
Storage Store at 2-8°C. Please refer to protocol.
Lead Time 3-5 working days

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Target Background

Function
(From Uniprot)
Binds water, Ca(2+), Na(+), K(+), fatty acids, hormones, bilirubin and drugs. Its main function is the regulation of the colloidal osmotic pressure of blood. Major zinc transporter in plasma, typically binds about 80% of all plasma zinc. Major calcium and magnesium transporter in plasma, binds approximately 45% of circulating calcium and magnesium in plasma. Potentially has more than two calcium-binding sites and might additionally bind calcium in a non-specific manner. The shared binding site between zinc and calcium at residue Asp-273 suggests a crosstalk between zinc and calcium transport in the blood. The rank order of affinity is zinc > calcium > magnesium. Binds to the bacterial siderophore enterobactin and inhibits enterobactin-mediated iron uptake of E.coli from ferric transferrin, and may thereby limit the utilization of iron and growth of enteric bacteria such as E.coli. Does not prevent iron uptake by the bacterial siderophore aerobactin.
Gene References into Functions
  1. Tubular Expression and Urinary Excretion of MMP-9 Protein Were Increased in Association with Albumin Overload in the Diabetic Kidneys. PMID: 28805677
  2. albumin immunoreactivity was newly observed in microglia in the hippocampal CA1 region following 5 min of transient cerebral ischemia. These results indicate that transient ischemia-induced albumin expression in microglia might be associated with ischemia-induced 'delayed neuronal death' in the hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons. PMID: 28586018
  3. significant structural changes occur to albumin with glycation, particularly in the FcRn-binding region, which could explain the reduced affinity to FcRn PMID: 26887834
  4. Physiological Levels of Pentraxin 3 and Albumin Attenuate Vascular Endothelial Cell Damage Induced by Histone H3 PMID: 26806786
  5. Megalin/cubilin and lysosome rupture is involved in albumin-triggered tubular injury and tubulointerstitial inflammation. PMID: 26025362
  6. Both insulin and high glucose concentrations enhance the permeability of podocytes to albumin by stimulating oxygen free radical production, primarily by NAD(P)H oxidase-4 (NOX4), and by activating protein kinase G, isoform Ialpha. PMID: 25888796
  7. Overall, rats with albumin deficiency display enhanced glucose tolerance, insulin secretion and gluconeogenic flux. PMID: 22198013
  8. albumin prevents 6-hydroxydopamine-induced loss of tyrosine hydroxylase PMID: 22815976
  9. Data indicate that transcription of Alb is regulated by a complicated system of distant enhancers. PMID: 21858039
  10. This pioneering study determined a higher level of ischemia-modified albumin in a testicular torsion model. PMID: 20452583
  11. Forced expression of PPAR-gamma or C/EBP-alpha in activated pancreatic stellate cells induced albumin expression, thereby reverting cells to the quiescent phenotype. PMID: 19932685
  12. Catalysis of S-nitrosothiols formation by serum albumin: the mechanism and implication in vascular control PMID: 11983891
  13. This study suggests that Aroclor 1254 induces elevated albumin serum levels indirectly through induction of liver-enriched transcription factors, which regulate albumin gene expression PMID: 12051991
  14. an accelerated plasma efflux of albumin contributes to hypoalbuminemia only during the early period of sepsis PMID: 12571074
  15. albumin affects glucose metabolism by impairing insulin-induced insulin receptor substrate (IRS) signaling through a protein kinase C alpha-mediated mechanism PMID: 12970360
  16. Kinetics of albumin production during rat liver development. PMID: 17879097

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Subcellular Location Secreted.
Protein Families ALB/AFP/VDB family
Tissue Specificity Plasma.
Database Links

KEGG: rno:24186

STRING: 10116.ENSRNOP00000003921

UniGene: Rn.202968

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