Recombinant Human C-C motif chemokine 28 protein(CCL28) (Active)

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Code CSB-AP001011HU
Size $2618
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Product Details

Purity >97% as determined by SDS-PAGE and HPLC.
Endotoxin Less than 1.0 EU/μg as determined by LAL method.
Activity Fully biologically active when compared to standard. The biological activity determined by a chemotaxis bioassay using human lymphocytes is in a concentration range of 1.0-10.0 ng/ml.
Target Names CCL28
Uniprot No. Q9NRJ3
Research Area Immunology
Alternative Names
C C motif chemokine ligand 28; C-C motif chemokine 28; CC chemokine CCL28; CCK 1; CCK1; CCK1 protein; CCL 28; CCL28; CCL28_HUMAN; Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 28; chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 28 splice variant chi; MEC; Mucosae associated epithelial chemokine; Mucosae-associated epithelial chemokine; Protein CCK1; SCYA28; Small inducible cytokine A28 [Precursor]; small inducible cytokine subfamily A (Cys-Cys); member 28; Small-inducible cytokine A28
Species Homo sapiens (Human)
Source E.coli
Expression Region 20-127aa
Mol. Weight 12.4 kDa
Protein Length Full Length of Mature Protein
Tag Info Tag-Free
Form Lyophilized powder
Buffer Lyophilized from a 0.2 µm filtered PBS, pH 7.4
Reconstitution We recommend that this vial be briefly centrifuged prior to opening to bring the contents to the bottom. Please reconstitute protein in deionized sterile water to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/mL.We recommend to add 5-50% of glycerol (final concentration) and aliquot for long-term storage at -20°C/-80°C. Our default final concentration of glycerol is 50%. Customers could use it as reference.
and FAQs
Protein FAQs
Storage Condition Store at -20°C/-80°C upon receipt, aliquoting is necessary for mutiple use. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Shelf Life The shelf life is related to many factors, storage state, buffer ingredients, storage temperature and the stability of the protein itself.
Generally, the shelf life of liquid form is 6 months at -20°C/-80°C. The shelf life of lyophilized form is 12 months at -20°C/-80°C.
Lead Time 5-10 business days
Notes Repeated freezing and thawing is not recommended. Store working aliquots at 4°C for up to one week.
Datasheet & COA Please contact us to get it.

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Target Background

Chemotactic activity for resting CD4, CD8 T-cells and eosinophils. Binds to CCR3 and CCR10 and induces calcium mobilization in a dose-dependent manner.
Gene References into Functions
  1. this review discusses the role of CCL28 in innate and adaptive immunity PMID: 28843907
  2. Results show that CCL28 expression was up-regulated under hypoxic condition in lung adenocarcinoma cells. Besides other effects on tumor biology such as immunosuppression, CCL28 could promote angiogenesis in lung adenocarcinoma by directly activating its receptor, CCR3, on microvascular endothelial cells. PMID: 27250766
  3. our results show for the first time that CCL28 contributes to breast cancer progression through the ERK/MAPKmediated anti-apoptotic and metastatic signaling pathway. Antagonists of CCL28 and the MAPK signaling pathway may be used synergistically to treat breast cancer patients. PMID: 28713975
  4. HCC recruits Tregs to promote angiogenesis under hypoxic condition by upregulating CCL28 expression. These findings establish a link between Tregs and hypoxia in HCC growth and may provide a new potential therapeutic target for treating HCC. PMID: 27716621
  5. CCL28 was absent in saliva of primary Sjogren's syndrome patients. This finding did not correlate with salivary IgA levels. PMID: 25567740
  6. disease severity of atopic dermatitis in children is not correlated to the level of CCL28, but rather related to that of total IgE PMID: 26642722
  7. CCL28-CCR3 interactions are involved in the homeostatic trafficking of CD4(+) T cells to the upper airways. PMID: 24917456
  8. High CCL28 gene methylation is associated with gastric tumor aggressiveness. PMID: 25740824
  9. CCL28 is a potent growth-promoting factor with the ability to support the in vitro and in vivo functional properties of cultured human hematopoietic cells. PMID: 23509159
  10. These results indicate a role for IL-17A in the human lung by enhancing the expression of CCL28 and hence driving the recruitment of IgE-secreting B cells. PMID: 21447959
  11. tumour hypoxia promotes the recruitment of regulatory T (T(reg)) cells through induction of expression of the chemokine CC-chemokine ligand 28 (CCL28), which, in turn, promotes tumour tolerance and angiogenesis PMID: 21753853
  12. CCL28 may play dual roles in mucosal immunity as a chemoattractant for cells expressing CCR10 and/or CCR3 such as plasma cells and also as a broad-spectrum antimicrobial protein secreted into low-salt body fluids. PMID: 12538707
  13. CCR10 and its mucosal epithelial ligand CCL28 have roles in the migration of circulating IgA plasmablasts PMID: 12671049
  14. CCL28 produced by keratinocytes is mediated by different signal pathways from CCL27, and both CCL27 and CCL28 are involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory skin diseases. PMID: 16433680
  15. CCL28 is one link between microbial insult and the exacerbation of pathologies such as asthma, through an NFkappaB-dependent mechanism PMID: 16581045
  16. Expression of CCL28 by epithelial cells from chronically inflamed liver in response to microbial products or interleukin-1 provides a signal to localize CCR10-expressing regulatory T cells at mucosal surfaces. PMID: 16785557
  17. CCL28 mediates mucosal immunity in HIV exposure and infection PMID: 17912348
  18. These studies are the first to show increased CCL28 production during gastrointestinal infection in humans and provide an explanation for the large influx of IgA-secreting cells to the gastric mucosa in H. pylori-infected individuals. PMID: 18426876
  19. There was a robust migration of specific IgA- and IgM-antibody-secreting cells induced by Salmonella vaccination toward the mucosal chemokines CCL25 and CCL28 PMID: 19003934
  20. data reinforce concept that CCL28 may contribute to the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis probably through selective migration & infiltration of effector/memory T-helper-2 cells in the skin; CCL28 may represent a prognostic marker for disease severity PMID: 19659860

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Subcellular Location Secreted.
Protein Families Intercrine beta (chemokine CC) family
Tissue Specificity Preferentially expressed by epithelial cells of diverse tissues including normal and pathological colon, salivary gland, mammary gland, trachea and rectum. Also found in prostate, spleen, thyroid, psoriasis skin and in lower levels in peripheral blood leu
Database Links

HGNC: 17700

OMIM: 605240

KEGG: hsa:56477

STRING: 9606.ENSP00000354416

UniGene: Hs.656904

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