Recombinant Human CX3C chemokine receptor 1(CX3CR1)

Code CSB-CF006236HU
Size Pls inquire
Source in vitro E.coli expression system
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Product Details

Target Names CX3CR1
Uniprot No. P49238
Alternative Names CX3CR1; CMKBRL1; GPR13; CX3C chemokine receptor 1; C-X3-C CKR-1; CX3CR1; Beta chemokine receptor-like 1; CMK-BRL-1; CMK-BRL1; Fractalkine receptor; G-protein coupled receptor 13; V28
Species Homo sapiens (Human)
Expression Region 1-355
Target Protein Sequence MDQFPESVTENFEYDDLAEACYIGDIVVFGTVFLSIFYSVIFAIGLVGNLLVVFALTNSK KPKSVTDIYLLNLALSDLLFVATLPFWTHYLINEKGLHNAMCKFTTAFFFIGFFGSIFFI TVISIDRYLAIVLAANSMNNRTVQHGVTISLGVWAAAILVAAPQFMFTKQKENECLGDYP EVLQEIWPVLRNVETNFLGFLLPLLIMSYCYFRIIQTLFSCKNHKKAKAIKLILLVVIVF FLFWTPYNVMIFLETLKLYDFFPSCDMRKDLRLALSVTETVAFSHCCLNPLIYAFAGEKF RRYLYHLYGKCLAVLCGRSVHVDFSSSESQRSRHGSVLSSNFTYHTSDGDALLLL
Protein Length Full length protein
Tag Info The following tags are available.
N-terminal His-tagged
Tag-Free
The tag type will be determined during production process. If you have specified tag type, please tell us and we will develop the specified tag preferentially.
Form Lyophilized powder
Note: We will preferentially ship the format that we have in stock, however, if you have any special requirement for the format, please remark your requirement when placing the order, we will prepare according to your demand.
Buffer before Lyophilization Tris/PBS-based buffer, 6% Trehalose, pH 8.0
Reconstitution We recommend that this vial be briefly centrifuged prior to opening to bring the contents to the bottom. Please reconstitute protein in deionized sterile water to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/mL.We recommend to add 5-50% of glycerol (final concentration) and aliquot for long-term storage at -20℃/-80℃. Our default final concentration of glycerol is 50%. Customers could use it as reference.
Troubleshooting
and FAQs
Protein FAQs
Storage Condition Store at -20°C/-80°C upon receipt, aliquoting is necessary for mutiple use. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Shelf Life The shelf life is related to many factors, storage state, buffer ingredients, storage temperature and the stability of the protein itself.
Generally, the shelf life of liquid form is 6 months at -20°C/-80°C. The shelf life of lyophilized form is 12 months at -20°C/-80°C.
Lead Time Delivery time may differ from different purchasing way or location, please kindly consult your local distributors for specific delivery time.
Note: All of our proteins are default shipped with normal blue ice packs, if you request to ship with dry ice, please communicate with us in advance and extra fees will be charged.
Notes Repeated freezing and thawing is not recommended. Store working aliquots at 4°C for up to one week.
Datasheet Please contact us to get it.

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Target Background

Function
Receptor for the C-X3-C chemokine fractalkine (CX3CL1) present on many early leukocyte cells; CX3CR1-CX3CL1 signaling exerts distinct functions in different tissue compartments, such as immune response, inflammation, cell adhesion and chemotaxis. CX3CR1-CX3CL1 signaling mediates cell migratory functions. Responsible for the recruitment of natural killer (NK) cells to inflamed tissues. Acts as a regulator of inflammation process leading to atherogenesis by mediating macrophage and monocyte recruitment to inflamed atherosclerotic plaques, promoting cell survival. Involved in airway inflammation by promoting interleukin 2-producing T helper (Th2) cell survival in inflamed lung. Involved in the migration of circulating monocytes to non-inflamed tissues, where they differentiate into macrophages and dendritic cells. Acts as a negative regulator of angiogenesis, probably by promoting macrophage chemotaxis. Plays a key role in brain microglia by regulating inflammatory response in the central nervous system (CNS) and regulating synapse maturation. Required to restrain the microglial inflammatory response in the CNS and the resulting parenchymal damage in response to pathological stimuli. Involved in brain development by participating in synaptic pruning, a natural process during which brain microglia eliminates extra synapses during postnatal development. Synaptic pruning by microglia is required to promote the maturation of circuit connectivity during brain development. Acts as an important regulator of the gut microbiota by controlling immunity to intestinal bacteria and fungi. Expressed in lamina propria dendritic cells in the small intestine, which form transepithelial dendrites capable of taking up bacteria in order to provide defense against pathogenic bacteria. Required to initiate innate and adaptive immune responses against dissemination of commensal fungi (mycobiota) component of the gut: expressed in mononuclear phagocytes (MNPs) and acts by promoting induction of antifungal IgG antibodies response to confer protection against disseminated C.albicans or C.auris infection. Also acts as a receptor for C-C motif chemokine CCL26, inducing cell chemotaxis.; (Microbial infection) Acts as coreceptor with CD4 for HIV-1 virus envelope protein.; (Microbial infection) Acts as coreceptor with CD4 for HIV-1 virus envelope protein. May have more potent HIV-1 coreceptothr activity than isoform 1.; (Microbial infection) Acts as coreceptor with CD4 for HIV-1 virus envelope protein. May have more potent HIV-1 coreceptor activity than isoform 1.
Gene References into Functions
  1. Study demonstrated that CX3CL1/CX3CR1 was overexpressed in prostate cancer tissues with spinal metastasis compared with primary tumors. Overexpression of CX3CR1 increased cell proliferation, migration and invasion. Also, study observed that EGFR/Src/FAK pathway was activated by CX3CL1/CX3CR1. PMID: 30066854
  2. CX3CR1 major allele carriers V249 and T280 are significantly associated with an increased total arterial blood volume of the whole brain, especially around the bilateral precuneus, left posterior cingulate cortex, and left posterior parietal cortex. PMID: 29485193
  3. investigated the association of CX3CR1 839C/T, CX3CR1 745G/A, polymorphisms with Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) risk. These associated with an increased AMD risk (CX3CR1 839C/T, additive model: aOR=2.682, 95% CI=1.119-5.709, P=0.022, recessive model: aOR=2.729, 95% CI=1.141-6.048, P=0.010; CX3CR1 745G/A, additive model: aOR=2.614, 95% CI=1.231-6.012, P=0.020, recessive model: aOR=2.340, 95% CI=1.227-5.993, P=0.011 PMID: 29565837
  4. CX3CR1 regulated chondrocyte proliferation. PMID: 29217163
  5. We detected a statistically significant association between the variant Ala55Thr in CX3CR1 with schizophrenia and autism spectrum disorder phenotypes PMID: 28763059
  6. This study shown that CX3CR1 expression in both Microglia and Astrocytes in hippocampus in affected by stroke, Alzheimer's disease, and Lewy body dementia. PMID: 28398520
  7. The US28 gene product has maintained the function of the ancestral gene and has the ability to bind and signal in response to human CX3CL1, the natural ligand for CX3CR1. PMID: 28315475
  8. Our findings demonstrate that motility, invasion, and contact-independent growth of PDAC cells all increase following CX3CL1 exposure, and that antagonism of CX3CR1 by the inhibitor JMS-17-2 reduces each of these phenotypes and correlates with a downregulation of AKT phosphorylation. PMID: 29274778
  9. in Crohn's disease patients, a missense mutation in the gene encoding CX3CR1 was identified and found to be associated with impaired antifungal responses PMID: 29326275
  10. Soluble FKN that was efficiently shed from the surface of LPS-activated ECs in response to binding of CD16(+) monocytes to ECs, diminished monocyte adhesion in down-regulating CX3CR1 expression on the surface of CD16(+) monocytes resulting in decreased TNF-secretion. PMID: 27031442
  11. CX3CR1 genetic variants were not associated with risk of atherosclerotic coronary heart disease and glucometabolic traits in European ancestry cohort. In a South Asian cohort, identified CX3CR1 SNP associated with myocardial infarction and type II diabetes mellitus. PMID: 27013693
  12. FKN and CX3CR1 expression was significantly increased in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) tissues, especially in the metastatic samples, and was highly-correlated with severity of PDAC. Ectopic expression of FKN promoted the proliferation and migration of PDAC, while knockdown of CX3CR1 reversed the function of FKN. PMID: 28986258
  13. CX3CL1 is upregulated in both human and murine tumors following VEGF signaling blockade, resulting in recruitment of CX3CR1+Ly6Clo monocytes into the tumor PMID: 28691930
  14. The fractalkine functions on the activation of the AKT/NF-kappaB/p65 signalling cascade and regulation of the antiapoptosis process in pancreatic cancer cells. PMID: 28845524
  15. High expression of CX3CR1 correlates with significantly shorter survival, specifically in post-menopausal patients with advanced and terminal stages of the disease. Taken together, this support a key regulatory role for the fractalkine axis in advanced and relapsed peritoneal metastasis in epithelial ovarian carcinoma. PMID: 27941884
  16. rs3732378 and rs3732379 susceptibility loci for developmental dysplasia of the hip PMID: 27176135
  17. V249I genotype of the fractalkine receptor showed a protector role in patients with type 2 diabetes. The T280M genotype is associated with increased carotid intima-media thickness in Mexican individuals with or without type 2 diabetes PMID: 28128806
  18. CX3CR1 genetic variation sows a possible association with hypertension, diabetes mellitus and atherosclerosis comorbidities in patients treated with hemodialysis. PMID: 27118566
  19. this study shows that the expression of CX3CR1 on tonsillar CD8-positive cells is higher in IgA nephropathy patients PMID: 28196748
  20. Low CCRL1 expression is associated with hepatocellular carcinoma. PMID: 26813566
  21. Recent works show that, in allergic diseases, there is an increased expression of fractalkine/CX3CL1 and its unique receptor CX3CR1 and that this chemokine does not act as chemoattractant. In allergic asthma, CX3CR1 expression regulates Th2 and Th1 cell survival in the inflammatory lung, while, in atopic dermatitis, it regulate Th2 and Th1 cell retention into the inflammatory site. [review] PMID: 27011244
  22. cxc3cr1 is a biomarker for Alzehein disease. PMID: 26567742
  23. CX3CR1 is expressed in the normal, cancer adjacent normal, inflammatory, and malignant fallopian epithelium. PMID: 26633537
  24. genetic polymorphism is associated with delayed allograft function in Polish kidney transplat recipients PMID: 25898802
  25. CX3CR1 T allele of rs3732379 might have a positive association with the susceptibility of age-related macular degeneration PMID: 26464724
  26. CX3CR1 is expressed differentially in human monocytes during differentiation. PMID: 25502213
  27. This meta-analysis suggested that CX3CR1 T280M and V249I polymorphisms may not be associated with an increased risk of AMD based on current published data. PMID: 26651305
  28. Data show that fractalkine receptor CX3CR1 expression is decreased in both murine and human glioblastoma (GBM) tissue. PMID: 25987130
  29. Respiratory syncytial virus G protein and host CX3CR1 interaction is important in infection and infection-induced responses of the airway epithelium. PMID: 26297201
  30. Association of hydrogen sulfide with alterations of monocyte chemokine receptors, CCR2 and CX3CR1 in patients with coronary artery disease PMID: 26123579
  31. Specific pro-inflammatory monocyte subpopulations positive for CD16 and the co-expressed chemokine receptor, CX3CR1, are discriminative for chronic kidney disease stage 5 on hemodialysis patients. PMID: 25830914
  32. CX3CR1 is expressed in differentiated human ciliated airway cells and co-localizes with respiratory syncytial virus on cilia in a G protein-dependent manner. PMID: 26107373
  33. CX3CL1 and CX3CR1 may contribute to the formation of coronary atherosclerotic plaque in coronary artery disease PMID: 25845619
  34. Fractalkine receptor polymorphisms may not contribute to the molecular pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis. PMID: 26042517
  35. the results from the present study support the concept of the CX3CL1-mediated activation of the progression of the multiple myeloma via CX3CR1. PMID: 25962684
  36. this is the first demonstration of the role of DNA methylation in regulating the expression of the CX3CR1 gene by CD8+ T cells and the potential biological relevance of increased expression of CX3CR1 by IL-7Ra(low) effector memory CD8+ T cells in humans. PMID: 26276874
  37. The study found a significantly lower expression of CX3CR1 on CD8+ T cells in the neovascular age-related macular degeneration group compared to the control group (p = 0.04). PMID: 25503251
  38. The high expression of CX3CR1 was associated with prolonged isolated thrombocytopenia after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. PMID: 26141368
  39. The progression rate of ALS symptoms and the survival time is affected in patients with one or two copies of the CX3CR1 249I allele. The CX3CR1 is the most potent ALS survival genetic factor reported to date PMID: 24806473
  40. An inverse pattern was observed in gene expression levels of fractalkine receptor (CX3CR1) might be a compensatory mechanism. PMID: 24930044
  41. Findings suggest that overexpression of CX3CR1 promotes gastric cancer metastasis, proliferation and survival and, might play a physiological role in normal gastric tissue renewal and/or tissue remodeling after injury. PMID: 25482732
  42. Fractalkine and CX3CR1 may play a role in the pathogenesis of pSS, including extraglandular manifestations. PMID: 25320221
  43. Cx3cr1-deficient mononuclear phagocytes express increased P2X7 receptors, which stimulates IL-1Beta secretion. PMID: 25948251
  44. A higher percentage of circulating CD4(+) T-cells expressed CX3CR1 in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis compared to healthy controls. PMID: 25596452
  45. Data show that chemokine domain of fractalkine (FKN-CD) can activate alphavbeta3 integrin in the absence of fractalkine receptor CX3CR1, but that this activation requires the direct binding of FKN-CD to alphavbeta3. PMID: 24789099
  46. These findings suggest that CCR2, CX3CR1, RANTES and SDF1 gene variants seem to play an important role in the dynamics of HIV infection and could be used as drug or vaccine targets. PMID: 25313609
  47. Insulin resistance increases plaque vulnerability by augmenting the CX3CL1/CX3CR1 axis, which is mechanistically linked to reduced vascular smooth muscle cell survival PMID: 24788416
  48. our results confirm previous findings on the predominance of R5 tropism among HIV-1 treatment-naive subjects and reveal an association between a higher frequency of R5 tropism and the CX3CR1 A allele and a lower additive genetic score. PMID: 24750723
  49. CX3CR1 (T280M and V249I) and PLEKHA1 (A320T) polymorphisms were not found to be associated with age-related macular degeneration in an Indian population. PMID: 25050486
  50. Suggest that CCRL1 impairs chemotactic events associated with CCR7 in the progression and metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma. PMID: 25255875

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Involvement in disease Macular degeneration, age-related, 12 (ARMD12)
Subcellular Location Cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.
Protein Families G-protein coupled receptor 1 family
Tissue Specificity Expressed in lymphoid and neural tissues. Expressed in lymphocyte subsets, such as natural killer (NK) cells, gamma-delta T-cells and terminally differentiated CD8(+) T-cells. Expressed in smooth muscle cells in atherosclerotic plaques.
Database Links

HGNC: 2558

OMIM: 601470

KEGG: hsa:1524

STRING: 9606.ENSP00000351059

UniGene: Hs.78913

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