Human apolipoprotein E (Apo-E) ELISA Kit

Instructions
Code CSB-E09748h
Size 96T,5×96T,10×96T
Trial Size 24T ELISA kits trial application
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Product Details

Target Name apolipoprotein E
Alternative Names AD2 ELISA Kit; Apo-E ELISA Kit; APOE ELISA Kit; APOE_HUMAN ELISA Kit; APOEA ELISA Kit; Apolipoprotein E ELISA Kit; Apolipoprotein E3 ELISA Kit; ApolipoproteinE ELISA Kit; Apoprotein ELISA Kit; LDLCQ5 ELISA Kit; LPG ELISA Kit
Abbreviation APOE
Uniprot No. P02649
Species Homo sapiens (Human)
Sample Types serum, plasma, cell culture supernates, tissue homogenates
Detection Range 15.62 ng/mL-1000 ng/mL
Sensitivity 3.9 ng/mL
Assay Time 1-5h
Sample Volume 50-100ul
Detection Wavelength 450 nm
Research Area Cardiovascular
Assay Principle quantitative
Measurement Competitive
Precision
Intra-assay Precision (Precision within an assay): CV%<8%      
Three samples of known concentration were tested twenty times on one plate to assess.  
Inter-assay Precision (Precision between assays): CV%<10%      
Three samples of known concentration were tested in twenty assays to assess.    
             
Linearity
To assess the linearity of the assay, samples were spiked with high concentrations of human Apo-E in various matrices and diluted with the Sample Diluent to produce samples with values within the dynamic range of the assay.
  Sample Serum(n=4)  
1:100 Average % 91  
Range % 86-95  
1:200 Average % 102  
Range % 97-107  
1:400 Average % 91  
Range % 85-97  
1:800 Average % 97  
Range % 91-103  
Recovery
The recovery of human Apo-E spiked to levels throughout the range of the assay in various matrices was evaluated. Samples were diluted prior to assay as directed in the Sample Preparation section.
Sample Type Average % Recovery Range  
Serum (n=5) 95 89-98  
EDTA plasma (n=4) 97 90-100  
             
             
Typical Data
These standard curves are provided for demonstration only. A standard curve should be generated for each set of samples assayed.
ng/ml OD1 OD2 Average    
1000 0.088 0.090 0.089    
500 0.135 0.142 0.139    
250 0.227 0.237 0.232    
125 0.324 0.341 0.333    
62.5 0.583 0.598 0.591    
31.25 0.847 0.864 0.856    
15.62 1.228 1.235 1.232    
0 2.155 2.199 2.177    
Troubleshooting
and FAQs
ELISA kit FAQs
Storage Store at 2-8°C. Please refer to protocol.
Lead Time 3-5 working days

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Target Data

Function Mediates the binding, internalization, and catabolism of lipoprotein particles. It can serve as a ligand for the LDL (apo B/E) receptor and for the specific apo-E receptor (chylomicron remnant) of hepatic tissues.
Gene References into Functions
  1. Patients having Glutathione S-transferase M1 allele and Apolipoprotein E E2 allele are predisposed to oxidative stress-induced cardiac injury. PMID: 30095041
  2. the APOEepsilon4 alleles were significantly higher in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and there was a potential synergistic interaction between the CYP46A1 C allele and APOEepsilon4 allele in AD. PMID: 29516283
  3. familial hypercholesterolemia case-control study was associated with the E4 allele in the Saudi population. However, E4 allele was appeared as a reliable risk marker for lipid profiles, but not for ApoE alleles PMID: 30235358
  4. Significant interactions between APOE epsilon4 and mild cognitive impairment were found in general cognitive function (p = 0.001) and white matter connectivity network (clustering coefficient, p = 0.004, and local efficiency. PMID: 27785756
  5. data presented here could increase the knowledge of ApoE3 activity and be a starting point for the study of the impact of variations on APOE gene PMID: 28559539
  6. APOE-epsilon4 is associated with a subtly faster rate of memory decline from midlife to early old age PMID: 29317609
  7. This study aimed to assess the association between APOE genotype and saccade latency using a prosaccade and antisaccade task in young individuals (N=97, age: 17-35 years). Results showed that prosaccade latency was significantly delayed in a group of epsilon4 carriers in comparison to non-carriers, which was due to a lower rate of signal accumulation rather than a change in the criterion threshold. PMID: 30003976
  8. Higher plasma ApoE concentrations (> 5.9 mg/dL) are the independent risk factor for hemorrhage during endobronchial biopsy in patients with lung cancer. PMID: 30031394
  9. Apolipoprotein E Mutation is associated with Lipoprotein Glomerulopathy. PMID: 29398675
  10. these results suggest a susceptibility of E4+ carriers to metabolic and cognitive impairments brought on by a HFD, and may help guide development of novel therapeutic targets for AD and related dementias. PMID: 28272510
  11. A randomized trial and novel SPR technique identifies altered lipoprotein-LDL receptor binding as a mechanism underlying elevated LDL-cholesterol in APOE4s PMID: 28276521
  12. Site-directed mutagenesis of Akt at Cys224 revealed that S-nitrosylation at this site was pivotal for the reduced phosphorylation at Akt Ser473, which led to impaired Akt signaling. Furthermore, on HHcy challenge, as compared with GSNOR(+/+)ApoE(-/-) littermate controls, GSNOR(-/-)ApoE(-/-) double knockout mice showed reduced T-cell activation with concurrent reduction of atherosclerosis. PMID: 29860106
  13. U.S. military veterans who are APOE epsilon4 allele carriers and exposed to a high number of traumas may be at increased risk for developing PTSD symptoms than epsilon4 noncarriers. PMID: 29172227
  14. found that the ApoE genotype was significantly associated with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage risk, whereas its effect on certain ethnic populations differs PMID: 30010064
  15. APOE polymorphism might be associated with the incidence of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage in Chinese Fujian Han population. PMID: 29769126
  16. Reduced expression of miR-98 may relate to LOX-1 expression and foam cell formation and lipid accumulation in aortas of ApoE(-/-) mice. PMID: 29549823
  17. The epsilon4+ subjects exhibited lower inter- and intrahemispheric coherences than the epsilon4- individuals. CONCLUSION: epsilon4 carriers have lower corticocortical communication than noncarriers during an intelligence task, implying that carrying the epsilon4 allele may reduce brain networking in adolescence, several decades before the onset of Alzheimer disease. PMID: 28848214
  18. APOE-epsilon4 modified the association between central arterial stiffening and cognition. PMID: 29656011
  19. The rs7755 and rs3211956 loci polymorphisms of CD36 gene and genotype E2/E3, E3/E4, E4/E4 of ApoE gene, and E2 and E4 alleles were statistically related with Alzheimer disease. PMID: 30235742
  20. results show great changes in men carrying ApoE2, mainly in TG and TC concentrations after treatment with hypocaloric diet and controlled exercise PMID: 29756962
  21. ApoE genetic polymorphisms conferred susceptibility to steroid-induced ONFH in Chinese Han population. PMID: 29892926
  22. t results point out that APOE4 genotype influences healthy aged cognition, although factors such age or educational attainment seem to modulate its effects PMID: 29414814
  23. Reduced content of ApoE in blood serum of men with arterial hypertension was associated with APOE4 gene polymorphism. PMID: 29658078
  24. In summary, our findings from the two cohorts confirm that genetic variations at the APOE locus influence plasma total cholesterol concentrations, however, the gene-diet interactions on lipids require further investigation in larger cohorts. PMID: 29712557
  25. There is the association between ApoE polymorphism and hypertension. [meta-analysis] PMID: 30180966
  26. The authors propose that APOE4-driven hyperactivity may be a causative factor driving increased risk of Alzheimer's disease among APOE4 carriers. PMID: 29133888
  27. Our results showed that ApoE epsilon4 and PON1-55M alleles act synergistically to increase the risk of systemic lupus erythematosus by 1.47 times PMID: 29273831
  28. Study presents evidence that odor identification ability starts to decline already in middle-aged, and that carriers of varepsilon4/4, who are at highest risk of developing dementia, decline twice as fast. PMID: 28455505
  29. Findings suggest that the apolipoprotein E4 genotype selectively modulates the functional integration of brain networks in patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment, thus providing important insight into the gene-connectome interaction in this disease. PMID: 28341847
  30. Findings revealed that APOE epsilon4 allele has a detrimental effect on parietal and frontal white matter in cognitively normal elderly; and demonstrate that information processing speed deficits can be explained by parietal white matter hyperintensities volume, age and interaction between parietal white matter hyperintensities volume and age. PMID: 27444731
  31. The study demonstrated that the APOE epsilon3/epsilon3 and epsilon3/epsilon4 genotypes played a protective role against cerebral infarction in Chinese men, but not women. PMID: 29479056
  32. corroborating evidence that supports the fact that the presence of the APOE e4 polymorphism confers greater susceptibility to combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder (meta-analysis)> PMID: 28430712
  33. Carriers of the 4 allele of the APOE genotype had significantly lower LDL particle size and LDL I proportion compared to 33 homozygotes ( P < .05 for both comparisons). Insulin resistance increased from patients with no OSA to those with mild-moderate and to those with severe OSA ( P < .001). In multivariate analysis, LDL size was independently predicted by APOE genotype. PMID: 26941371
  34. In het mice, RIF had no effect on plasma lipids composition, CYP27A1 activity, and atherosclerotic plaque development, despite a reduction in cholesterol absorption. In conclusion, the antiatherogenic effect of Cyp3a11 induction by RIF was also dependent on Cyp27a1 expression. PMID: 29191818
  35. Hypertension and the ApoEepsilon4/epsilon4 genotype may be associated with the occurrence of MCA stenosis in the ischemic stroke Chinese patients. PMID: 29494434
  36. In this study, detection of AD-related DNA oligonucleotide sequence associated with Apolipoprotein E4 gene sequence was achieved using localized-surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) on 2D-Photonic crystal (2D-PC) and Au-coated 2D-PC surfaces. PMID: 29291596
  37. APOE polymorphism has an influence on the risk of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. PMID: 29213291
  38. Evidence for an interaction between APOE SNP rs1064725 and dietary fat intake on fasting total plasma cholesterol concentrations. PMID: 29169396
  39. APOE-epsilon4 carriers had elevated carotid intima media thickness independent of demographics and vascular risk factors. Diabetes was an effect modifier of the relationship between APOE-epsilon4 and cIMT. PMID: 29103864
  40. APOE is a risk gene for ischemic stroke (IS), but not independent, especially for large artery atherosclerosis IS. PMID: 29074556
  41. Among APOE4 carriers, race was not associated with risk of Alzheimer's disease. PMID: 28863046
  42. association of rare variants near the APOE region with CSF and neuroimaging biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease PMID: 28589856
  43. The APOE-epsilon4 allele may confer an increased risk of impairment of 6-month verbal memory for patients suffering mild traumatic brain injury. PMID: 28948085
  44. The APOE e4 allele is a risk factor for late onset Alzheimer's disease as well as for other types of dementia.Living arrangements, perceived social support, and loneliness were found to moderate the relationship between the APOE e4 allele and cognitive function. PMID: 28329797
  45. epsilon2 carriers perform better on cognitive tests as this group have a lower risk of Alzheimer's disease. PMID: 29032015
  46. Overnight hypoxemia and sleepiness were associated with cognition. The average effect estimates were small, similar to effect estimates for several other individual dementia risk factors. Associations were strongest in APOE-epsilon4 risk allele carriers. PMID: 28731362
  47. Downregulation of apoE and apoJ in CSF strongly suggests a critical role of lipid metabolism in the development and progression of Moyamoya disease. PMID: 28843803
  48. ApoE epsilon4 alleles are associated with dementia risk. PMID: 28657841
  49. Findings suggest a possible relationship between the epsilon4 allele and post-concussion impairment, as well as between the epsilon4 allele and neurocognitive performance variability, suggesting that the epsilon4 genotype may be a risk factor for less efficient cognitive processing in concussed athletes. PMID: 28541413
  50. APOE4 carriers and the CETP genotype were associated with a decreased response to simvastatin therapy PMID: 28851085

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Involvement in disease Hyperlipoproteinemia 3 (HLPP3); Alzheimer disease 2 (AD2); Sea-blue histiocyte disease (SBHD); Lipoprotein glomerulopathy (LPG); Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH)
Subcellular Location Secreted
Protein Families Apolipoprotein A1/A4/E family
Tissue Specificity Occurs in all lipoprotein fractions in plasma. It constitutes 10-20% of very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) and 1-2% of high density lipoproteins (HDL). APOE is produced in most organs. Significant quantities are produced in liver, brain, spleen, lung, a
Database Links

HGNC: 613

OMIM: 104310

KEGG: hsa:348

STRING: 9606.ENSP00000252486

UniGene: Hs.654439

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