Recombinant Mouse Interleukin-36 alpha protein(Il36a) (Active)

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Code CSB-AP003431MO
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Product Details

Purity >95% as determined by SDS-PAGE and HPLC.
Endotoxin Less than 1.0 EU/μg as determined by LAL method.
Activity Fully biologically active when compared to standard. The ED50 as determined by inducing IL-6 secretion in murine NIH/3T3 cells is less than 25 ng/ml, corresponding to a specific activity of >4.0x104 IU/mg.
Target Names Il36a
Uniprot No. Q9JLA2
Research Area Immunology
Alternative Names Il36a; Fil1e; Il1e; Il1f6; Il1h1Interleukin-36 alpha; FIL1 epsilon; Interleukin-1 epsilon; IL-1 epsilon; Interleukin-1 family member 6; IL-1F6; Interleukin-1 homolog 1; IL-1H1
Species Mus musculus (Mouse)
Source E.coli
Expression Region 8-160aa
Complete Sequence RAASPSLRHV QDLSSRVWIL QNNILTAVPR KEQTVPVTIT LLPCQYLDTL ETNRGDPTYM GVQRPMSCLF CTKDGEQPVL QLGEGNIMEM YNKKEPVKAS LFYHKKSGTT STFESAAFPG WFIAVCSKGS CPLILTQELG EIFITDFEMI VVH
Mol. Weight 17.1 kDa
Protein Length Full Length of Mature Protein
Tag Info Tag-Free
Form Lyophilized powder
Buffer Lyophilized from a 0.2 µm filtered PBS, 1 mM DTT, 3 % trehalose
Reconstitution We recommend that this vial be briefly centrifuged prior to opening to bring the contents to the bottom. Please reconstitute protein in deionized sterile water to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/mL.We recommend to add 5-50% of glycerol (final concentration) and aliquot for long-term storage at -20°C/-80°C. Our default final concentration of glycerol is 50%. Customers could use it as reference.
Troubleshooting
and FAQs
Protein FAQs
Storage Condition Store at -20°C/-80°C upon receipt, aliquoting is necessary for mutiple use. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Shelf Life The shelf life is related to many factors, storage state, buffer ingredients, storage temperature and the stability of the protein itself.
Generally, the shelf life of liquid form is 6 months at -20°C/-80°C. The shelf life of lyophilized form is 12 months at -20°C/-80°C.
Lead Time 5-10 business days
Notes Repeated freezing and thawing is not recommended. Store working aliquots at 4°C for up to one week.
Datasheet & COA Please contact us to get it.

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Target Background

Function
Cytokine that binds to and signals through the IL1RL2/IL-36R receptor which in turn activates NF-kappa-B and MAPK signaling pathways in target cells linked to a pro-inflammatory response. Part of the IL-36 signaling system that is thought to be present in epithelial barriers and to take part in local inflammatory response; similar to the IL-1 system with which it shares the coreceptor IL1RAP. Seems to be involved in skin inflammatory response by acting on keratinocytes, dendritic cells and indirectly on T-cells to drive tissue infiltration, cell maturation and cell proliferation. Induces the production of proinflammatory cytokines, including IL-12, Il-1 beta, IL-6, TNF-alpha and IL-23 in bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs). Involved in dendritic cell maturation by stimulating the surface expression of CD80, CD86 and MHC class II. Induces the production of IFN-gamma, IL-4 and IL-17 by cultured CD4(+) T-cells and splenocytes. May play a role in proinflammatory effects in the lung: induces the expression of CXCL1 and CXCL2 in the lung, and the expression of TNF-alpha, IL-36c, IL-1A, IL-1B, CXCL1 and CXCL2 in isolated splenic CD11c(+) alveolar macrophages. May be involved in T-cell maturation by stimulating the surface expression of CD40 and modestly CD80 and CD86 in splenic CD11c(+) cells. May be involved in CD4(+) T-cell proliferation. Induces NF-kappa B activation in macrophages.
Gene References into Functions
  1. The data identify a novel role for IL-36 signaling in colonic inflammation and indicate that the IL-36R pathway may represent a novel target for therapeutic intervention. PMID: 26813344
  2. IL-1 and IL-36 have roles as inflammatory mediators in pustular psoriasis in a mouse model PMID: 28057979
  3. IL-1alpha and IL-36alpha form a self-amplifying inflammatory loop in vivo that in patients with insufficient counter regulatory mechanisms may become hyper-engaged and/or chronic PMID: 26203636
  4. An essential role of C/EBPbeta in the regulation of the Il36A gene via the proximal half-CRE*C/EBP element in response to inflammatory stimuli. PMID: 26066982
  5. IL-36 promotes myeloid cell infiltration, activation, and inflammatory activity in skin PMID: 24829417
  6. IL-36alpha acts as a pro-inflammatory cytokine in the lungs independent of both IL-1alpha and IL-1beta. PMID: 23029241
  7. Interleukin-36 (IL-36) ligands require processing for full agonist (IL-36alpha, IL-36beta, and IL-36gamma) or antagonist (IL-36Ra) activity PMID: 21965679
  8. A critical role of IL-36R ligands in the interface between innate and adaptive immunity, leading to the stimulation of T helper responses. PMID: 21860022
  9. Transcripts for IL-1F5, -1F6, -1F8, and -1F9 are all significantly increased in the involved skin of bitransgenic mice compared with their monotransgenic controls. PMID: 21242515
  10. local overexpression related to the development of tubulointerstitial lesions PMID: 20101239
  11. IL-1F6 can be externalized via a stimulus-coupled mechanism comparable to that used by IL-1beta PMID: 19717513

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Subcellular Location Cytoplasm. Secreted.
Protein Families IL-1 family
Tissue Specificity Highly expressed in embryonic tissue and in tissues containing epithelial cells. Elevated expression levels are detected in chronic kidney disease; expressed inepithelia from the distal convoluted tubules (DCTs) to the cortical collecting ducts (CCDs) in
Database Links

KEGG: mmu:54448

STRING: 10090.ENSMUSP00000028361

UniGene: Mm.133095

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