Recombinant Human Bone morphogenetic protein 2 protein(BMP2) (Active)

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Code CSB-AP002981HU
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Product Details

Purity >95% as determined by SDS-PAGE and HPLC.
Endotoxin Less than 1.0 EU/μg as determined by LAL method.
Activity Fully biologically active when compared to standard. The ED50 as determined by inducing alkaline phosphatase production of murine ATDC5 cells is less than 200 ng/ml, corresponding to a specific activity of >5.0x103 IU/mg.
Target Names BMP2
Uniprot No. P12643
Research Area Cancer
Alternative Names BDA2; BMP-2; BMP-2A; Bmp2; BMP2_HUMAN; BMP2A; Bone morphogenetic protein 2; Bone morphogenetic protein 2A
Species Homo sapiens (Human)
Source E.Coli
Expression Region 283-396aa
Mol. Weight 13 kDa
Protein Length Full Length of Mature Protein
Tag Info Tag-Free
Form Lyophilized powder
Buffer Lyophilized from a 0.2 µm filtered 30 mM Citrate Sodium, pH 4.2, 400 mM NaCl, with 0.02 % Tween-20
Reconstitution We recommend that this vial be briefly centrifuged prior to opening to bring the contents to the bottom. Please reconstitute protein in deionized sterile water to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/mL.We recommend to add 5-50% of glycerol (final concentration) and aliquot for long-term storage at -20°C/-80°C. Our default final concentration of glycerol is 50%. Customers could use it as reference.
and FAQs
Protein FAQs
Storage Condition Store at -20°C upon receipt, aliquoting is necessary for mutiple use. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Shelf Life The shelf life is related to many factors, storage state, buffer ingredients, storage temperature and the stability of the protein itself.
Generally, the shelf life of liquid form is 6 months at -20°C/-80°C. The shelf life of lyophilized form is 12 months at -20°C/-80°C.
Lead Time Basically, we can dispatch the products out in 5-10 working days after receiving your orders. Delivery time may differ from different purchasing way or location, please kindly consult your local distributors for specific delivery time.
Notes Repeated freezing and thawing is not recommended. Store working aliquots at 4°C for up to one week.
Datasheet & COA Please contact us to get it.

Target Data

Function Induces cartilage and bone formation
Gene References into Functions
  1. These results not only call into question the use of VEGFA alone in bone regeneration, but also highlight the importance in BTE of appropriately formulated combined delivery of VEGFA and BMP2. PMID: 29386057
  2. This work indicates that NELL-1, HMGB1, and CCN2 might enhance bone defect healing via the recruitment of endogenous cells and induction of vascularization and act via different processes than BMP2. PMID: 28463604
  3. Serum BMP2 and Smad4 levels in patients with senile osteoporotic fracture were significantly lower than those in normal controls PMID: 29938690
  4. conclude that SUMO3-tagged hBMP2 is more suited for generation of soluble form of the protein and addition of SUMO3 tag does not affect the functional activity of hBMP2 PMID: 29574511
  5. The present study identified a change in miR-22, miR-140, and BMP-2 expression in the synovial fluid of patients with osteoarthritis before and after arthroscopic debridement. PMID: 29429984
  6. The study revealed an enhanced sensitivity of aortic valve interstitial cells to osteogenic inductors in aortic stenosis patients, which indicates probable implication of OPN, OPG, and BMP2 genes in pathogenesis of aortic valve calcification. PMID: 29308559
  7. The rhBMP2 monomer and dimer were eluted at 0.9 M and 0.6 M NaCl, respectively. The alkaline phosphatase assay of rhBMP2 (0, 50, 100, 200, and 400 ng/ml) was analyzed on C2C12 cells and maximum 200 ng/ml activity was observed in dose dependent manner PMID: 29333457
  8. In contrast to BMP-2, BMP-7 concomitantly inhibited the expression of profibrotic genes PMID: 28102712
  9. The binding free energies indicate that ALK-3 preferably binds to BMP-2 instead of BMP-9. The structural analysis shows that ALK-3 binding with BMP-2 occurs in a perfectly symmetry pathway, whereas this symmetry is lost for possible ALK-3 interactions with BMP-9 PMID: 28869862
  10. The results demonstrate the efficacy of HPP-GC hydrogel in minimizing the diffusive loss of rhBMP-2 from the implantation site, compared to the collagen hydroxyapatite scaffold. PMID: 28847606
  11. The in vitro results suggest that altered BMP2 regulatory function at rs1884302 may contribute to the etiology of sagittal nonsyndromic craniosynostosis. The in vivo results indicate that differences in regulatory activity depend on the presence of a C or T allele at rs1884302. PMID: 28985029
  12. Collectively, according to our study, rhIL-6 could induce the extracellular calcification and osteogenic differentiation of human artery smooth muscle cells through upregulating endogenous BMP2 in vitro. This may be one of the underlying mechanisms of the overwhelming vascular calcification in rheumartoid arthritis. PMID: 28134597
  13. HUCB-MSC transfected with mTAT/PEI were shown to express more BMP-2 protein and mRNA. PMID: 28951869
  14. These results showed that BMP2 activated SMAD1/5/8 phosphorylation and up-regulated BAMBI mRNA in human granulosa-lutein cells. PMID: 28578012
  15. BMP-2 can enhance HUVEC proliferation, migration and angiogenesis through P38, ERK and Akt/m-TOR pathway. PMID: 27886213
  16. Study shows that recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 activates hippo signaling through RASSF1 in esophageal cancer cells PMID: 27230238
  17. SNPs in BMP2 can predict grade >/= 2 or 3 RP after radiotherapy for NSCLC and improve the predictive power of MLD model. PMID: 28574846
  18. CTGF and BMP2 are induced following myocardial ischemia in mice and humans. PMID: 28460577
  19. Missense mutations in COL6A1, COL11A2, FGFR1, and BMP2 genetically predispose patients to ossification of posterior longitudinal ligaments. PMID: 27246988
  20. Computational analysis on conformational dynamics of BMP-2 has been presented. PMID: 27426435
  21. there was a significant association in men between BMP2 genetic variant (rs235756) and hypertension in the genetically homogeneous Finnish population; no significant association between BMP2 rs235768 (A>T) and hypertension was found PMID: 29390526
  22. Adding NMP as an adjunct to rhBMP-2-coated BCP produced inconsistent effects on bone regeneration, resulting in no significant benefit compared to controls. PMID: 28680881
  23. observations regarding the dysregulation of these gatekeepers of neuronal viability may have important implications in understanding the iAbeta1-42 mediated effects observed in AD PMID: 29470488
  24. This study demonstrates that viscous collagen gel can be an effective carrier for rhBMP-2 delivery into surgical sites, and that the injectable rhBMP-2-containing collagen gel may be applied for the enhancement of tendon-bone interface healing PMID: 26177709
  25. Synergistic effects of BMP-2, BMP-6 or BMP-7 with human plasma fibronectin onto hydroxyapatite coatings. PMID: 28434979
  26. High-dose recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 impacts histological and biomechanical properties of a cervical spine fusion segment: results from a sheep model. PMID: 26053675
  27. Report osteoblast-like transformation of epithelial breast cancer cells that have undergone epithelial-mesenchymal transition followed by bone morphogenetic protein-2 stimulation. RUNX2 functions as a master mediator of this process. PMID: 27806311
  28. Taken together, our results suggest that DHCA may be developed as an efficient therapeutic for osteoporosis by regulating osteoblastogenesis through its estrogenic effects. PMID: 29253565
  29. BMP2-transduced BMSCs can maintain the chondrocyte-like phenotype in PRP gel in vitro, and the combined use of these two agents can significantly promote repair of the degenerated discs in vivo PMID: 26169838
  30. these results suggest that the BMP2 gene polymorphism may be related to the development of allograft rejection and graft dysfunction in kidney transplant recipients PMID: 28583517
  31. Data show that the GREMLIN 2 (GREM2) expression during Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell (hiPS) cell cardiac differentiation follows the expression pattern of cardiac-specific genes. PMID: 28125926
  32. Results identify a novel 4671-bp tandem duplication downstream of BMP2, which is associated with brachydactyly type A2 . The duplication highly overlaps the sequences reported previously but has a different breakpoint and a different flanking microhomology. PMID: 29129813
  33. miR-106b inhibited osteoblastic differentiation and bone formation partly through directly targeting bone morphogenetic protein 2. PMID: 28108317
  34. BMP2 decreases gap junction intercellular communication of luteinized human granulosa cells by downregulating Cx43 expression through an ALK2/ALK3-mediated SMAD-dependent signaling pathway. PMID: 27986931
  35. BMP2 also requires Src for filamentous actin polymerization in Tgfbr3(-/-) epicardial cells. PMID: 26645362
  36. The deletion contained 17 protein coding genes including PROKR2 and BMP2, both of which are expressed during embryological development of the pituitary gland. PROKR2 mutations have been associated with hypopituitarism but a heterozygous deletion of this gene with hypopituitarism is a novel observation. PMID: 28586151
  37. both bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) and BMP6 are proangiogenic in vitro and ex vivo and that the BMP type I receptors, activin receptor-like kinase 3 (ALK3) and ALK2, play crucial and distinct roles in this process. PMID: 28733457
  38. sequential presentation of PDGF to BMP-2 led to increased tubule formation over simultaneous delivery of these growth factors. PMID: 27650131
  39. Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2, But Not Mesenchymal Stromal Cells, Exert Regenerative Effects on Canine and Human Nucleus Pulposus Cells PMID: 27829314
  40. The structure of Grem2-GDF5 complex has revealed a number of key findings for DAN-family mediated BMP2 inhibition. PMID: 27524626
  41. Bioluminescence imaging reveals increased MSC survival when implanted in BMP-2 PAHs. PMID: 27581621
  42. Bone morphogenetic protein 2 promotes osteogenesis of bone marrow stromal cells in type 2 diabetic rats via the Wnt signaling pathway PMID: 27702654
  43. monocytes interact specifically with Chitosan-Fibrinogen (Ch-Fg) via TLR-4, triggering particular intracellular signalling pathways (ERK and JNK, but not p38), downstream of TLR-4. Functionally, Ch-Fg induced monocytes to produce the osteogenic mediator BMP-2. PMID: 27856281
  44. This study showed that si-Grem2 increased the BMP-2-induced osteogenic differentiation of hBMSCs via the BMP-2/Smad/Runx2 pathway. PMID: 27335248
  45. Low doses of IL1B activate the BMP/Smad signaling pathway to promote the osteogenesis of periodontal ligament stem cells, but higher doses of IL1B inhibit BMP/Smad signaling through the activation of NF-kappaB and MAPK signaling, inhibiting osteogenesis. PMID: 27415426
  46. Increased miR-93-5p in trauma-induced osteonecrosis of the femoral head patients inhibited osteogenic differentiation, which may be associated with BMP-2 reduction. PMID: 28797104
  47. RANKL promotes VC by inducing BMP-2 release from HAECs PMID: 27339040
  48. KDM5A-mediated H3K4me3 modification participated in the etiology of osteoporosis and may provide new strategies to improve the clinical efficacy of BMP2 in osteoporotic conditions. PMID: 27512956
  49. fabricated scaffolds were well coated with DOPA as well as grafted with rhBMP2 at a quantity of 22.7+/-5ng when treatment with 100ng/ml rhBMP2 and 153.3+/-2.4ng when treated with 500ng/ml rhBMP2. This grafting enables rhBMP2 to be released in a sustained pattern. PMID: 26868173
  50. Data suggest pituitary cells secrete factor (TSP1) that binds to and inhibits action of BMP2 and BMP4; von Willebrand type C domain of TSP1 is likely responsible for this BMP2/4-binding activity. These studies were initially conducted using cultured cells from ovine pituitary gland and mouse cell line; interactions were confirmed using recombinant human proteins. (TSP1 = thrombospondin-1; BMP = bone morphogenetic protein) PMID: 28747434
  51. Structural analyses of von Willebrand factor C domains of collagen 2A and CCN3 reveal an alternative mode of binding to bone morphogenetic protein-2 PMID: 28584056
  52. molecular basis of both activities was shown in two different cellular models to clearly rely on the properties of the investigated BMP2 muteins to compete for the binding of Activin A to the Activin type II receptors PMID: 28489849
  53. Results indicate that implantation of recombinant human BMP-2/absorbable collagen sponges on the lumbar spine triggers potent neuroinflammatory responses in adjacent dorsal root ganglia. Importantly, however, these BMP-2 effects may be partially mediated through a response to the absorbable collagen sponges. PMID: 27905881
  54. Single nucleotide polymorphism in the BMP2 gene is associated with inflammation in chronic kidney disease. PMID: 27190335
  55. miR-98 may regulate osteogenic differentiation of human bone mesenchymal stromal cells by targeting BMP2. PMID: 27860183
  56. fibrillar fibronectin on this polymer, but not a globular conformation obtained on control polymers, promotes synergistic presentation of integrin-binding sites and bound bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2), which enhances mesenchymal stem cell osteogenesis in vitro and drives full regeneration of a nonhealing bone defect in vivo at low GF concentrations. PMID: 27574702
  57. Study indicated that rs15705 and rs3178250, located at the BMP2 3'- UTR and potentially affecting the miRNA-mRNA interaction, namely with miR-1273d or miR-4639-5p, are associated with an increased risk of non-syndromic tooth agenesis. PMID: 27362534
  58. BST2 is involved in the osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow stromal cells via the regulation of the BMP2 signaling pathway. PMID: 27359105
  59. The effect of polyP on bone formation is associated with an increased release of the bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2), a key mediator that activates the anabolic processes leading to bone formation PMID: 24420717
  60. Smad4 is necessary for the activation of the mineralization-related genes, it is dispensable for BMP2 to induce the protein anabolism signature, which instead critically depends on the transcription factor Atf4. PMID: 27920253
  61. The present study shows that the Grem2 heparin/HS and BMP2-binding epitopes are unique and independent, where the Grem2-BMP2 complex exhibits a significant increase in binding affinity toward heparin moieties that appear to be partially independent of the Grem2 heparin/HS-binding epitope. PMID: 28104757
  62. Two Variants of Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 (rhBMP-2) with Additional Protein Domains: Synthesis in an Escherichia coli Heterologous Expression System. PMID: 28601071
  63. the miR-486-Smurf2-Smad loop plays an important role in regulating AVIC pro-osteogenic activation in response to TGF-beta1 or BMP-2. Targeting this regulatory loop may have therapeutic potential for suppressing aortic valve calcification. PMID: 28377507
  64. Expression levels of TGF-beta1 and BMP-2 appeared to be delayed in nonunion patients which could play an important role in developing an early marker of fracture union condition and facilitate improved patient's management. PMID: 28331138
  65. The current study aimed to assess the IL-34 expression in response to two members of the transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta family, TGF-beta1 and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2, in synovial fibroblasts from rheumatoid arthritis patients. PMID: 27865758
  66. BMP2 can be used in cartilage tissue engineering to regulate cartilage formation but has to be properly regulated for cartilage tissue engineering in order to retain the cartilage phenotype. PMID: 27083447
  67. The results suggest that inhibition of BMP-2 by Gremlin-1 occurs by a mechanism that is distinct from other known inhibitors such as Noggin and Chordin and study propose a novel model of BMP-2-Gremlin-1 interaction yet not seen among any BMP antagonists, and cannot rule out that several different oligomeric states could be found, depending on the concentration of the two proteins. PMID: 27036124
  68. Gremlin1 inhibited the cell viability and osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and the suppression of gremlin1 expression can increase the cell viability and osteogenic differentiation of human MSCs induced by BMP-2. PMID: 28260028
  69. the upregulation of autophagy-related gene (Atg) and wingless/int1 (Wnt) signaling during BMP-2-mediated human osteoblastic differentiation, was examined. PMID: 27397580
  70. Lgr4 gene is regulated by BMP and is required for BMP effects on osteoblastic differentiation. PMID: 26332449
  71. Titanium (Ti) surface modification with the combination of hBMP-2 and hGDF-5 for the two growth factor-coated Ti implants can improve the clinical properties of implants for orthopedic and dental applications. PMID: 28124978
  72. This search revealed that rare mutations that disable one copy of a gene called SMAD6 in combination with a common DNA variant near another gene called BMP2 account for about 7% of infants with midline forms of craniosynostosis. PMID: 27606499
  73. Variants associated with increased BMP-2 expression may be involved in thoracic ossification of the ligamentum flavum pathogenesis. PMID: 28145426
  74. In this retrospective study, rhBMP-2 combined with a locking plate has been used successfully to treat children and adolescents with nonunion of the femur in four of five cases. One major complication was thought to be possibly related to its use. PMID: 28349058
  75. In solid ameloblastoma, positive correlations were observed between the stromal and parenchymal expression of BMP-2 and between the stromal expression of BMP-2 and BMP-4, as well as between the stromal expression of BMPR-II and BMP-4 and the stromal and parenchymal expression of BMPR-II. PMID: 27780042
  76. High expression of BMP2 is associated with metastasis in oral squamous cell carcinoma. PMID: 28035402
  77. The BMP2 rs235768 A>T and BMP4 rs17563 T>C polymorphisms could be considered as the risk factor for non-syndromic CL/P in Iranian population. PMID: 27591802
  78. combining TGF-beta3 with BMP-2 was able to promote the process of bone formation more markedly in vitro, providing a promising clinical strategy in the field of skeletal regeneration and in fracture healing. PMID: 27878265
  79. BMP2 and RUNX2 are expressed exclusively by osteoblasts whereas DSPP and LOXL2 are expressed exclusively by odontoblasts. (Review) PMID: 27784228
  80. BMP-2 expression in endothelial cells of epigastric arteries may predict development of delayed graft function after renal transplantation PMID: 27832657
  81. lentiviral vector-mediated BMP2 and VEGF gene co-transfection significantly activated the osteo/odontogenic differentiation of human stem cells from apical papilla PMID: 26986020
  82. he gene markers for osteogenic differentiation were significantly upregulated for sample with BPC-PHB NPs, implying that BPC-PHB NPs can be used as a rapid-acting and long-acting BMP-2 delivery system for osteogenic differentiation. PMID: 27379249
  83. Spp24 can inhibit the growth of prostate cancer and its bone metastasis induced by BMP2; spp24 may have great potential to be a therapeutic agent in clinical situations PMID: 27793899
  84. RhBMP2 does not stimulate angiogenesis during induction of OCSSs. PMID: 27510004
  85. The genetic-interactions among BMPR-2, ALK-1, and 5-HTT polymorphisms, elevated BMP-2 and 5-HT levels and differential gene expression substantiated the strong genetic contribution in high altitude pulmonary edema pathophysiology. PMID: 27196063
  86. The influence of BMPs -especially rhBMP-2- in the development and progression of oral squamous cell carcinoma. PMID: 27039814
  87. Combined delivery of rhVEGF165 and rhBMP2 for repair of critical size mandibular defects can significantly enhance volume and density of bone formation over delivery of rhBMP2 alone. PMID: 26485046
  88. BMP2 signaling enhances cell survival and cell spreading of mesenchymal stem cells spheroids. PMID: 26916040
  89. PI3K/Akt pathway stimulates the expressions of RANKL, PTHrP, and BMP-2 partly through NF-kappaB, suggesting its importance for bone metastasis of prostate carcinoma PMID: 27040945
  90. There was no association between genotype and allele distribution for BMP polymorphisms and primary enamel microhardness alterations. Our result suggests that BMP2 may be involved in caries experience in primary dentition from a Nova Friburgo cohort. PMID: 26138030
  91. These data indicate a synergistic crosstalk between 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 and BMP2 toward osteogenesis and mineral deposition, involving both VDR and Pdia3. PMID: 23784946
  92. ata show that dedifferentiated chondrocytes can be redifferentiated following treatment with the chimeric erythroid differentiation factor (activin A)/bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) ligand AB235. PMID: 26563344
  93. NF-kappaB stimulates BMP-2 mRNA expression in rat and human beta cells upon IL-1b cytokine exposure. PMID: 26308798
  94. It is suggested that oxytalan-positive POFs, purportedly originating from the periodontal ligament, express molecules that are specific to bone and cementum (Runx-2, BMP-2), or cementum only (CAP). PMID: 25359431
  95. study analyzed BMP2 gene in non-HFE haemochromatosis patients; taken together we postulate that BMP2 rs235768 is a new susceptibility factor for haemochromatosis; it can contribute to iron overload in association with other genetic and environmental factors PMID: 26460254
  96. These results suggest that a combination of d-BCP and rhBMP2 can accelerate bone regeneration, and this could be used to develop therapeutic strategies in hard tissue healing. PMID: 26491693
  97. combination of adenoviral mediated BMP-2 expression in BMSC grown in the newly developed poly(LLA-co-CL) scaffolds induced expression of osteogenic markers and enhanced bone formation in vivo PMID: 26808122
  98. Compared with bone graft and marrow cavity contents, sticking scars had the highest expression of BMP-2 while bone grafts had the highest expression of DCN. PMID: 26400336
  99. The findings in this study provide new insights into the regulatory mechanism of BMP-2 induction in leptin-stimulated chondrocytes and suggest that BMP-2 may play a reparative role in regulating leptin-induced OA development. PMID: 26636769
  100. detected a joint effect of SNP and G x E interaction in BMP2 and CACNA2D1 for depressive state. PMID: 26845276

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Subcellular Location Secreted
Protein Families TGF-beta family
Tissue Specificity Particularly abundant in lung, spleen and colon and in low but significant levels in heart, brain, placenta, liver, skeletal muscle, kidney, pancreas, prostate, ovary and small intestine.
Database Links

HGNC: 1069

OMIM: 112261

KEGG: hsa:650

STRING: 9606.ENSP00000368104

UniGene: Hs.73853

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