||Macrophage receptor that binds to the apolipoprotein B48 (APOB) of dietary triglyceride (TG)-rich lipoproteins (TRL) or to a like domain of APOB in hypertriglyceridemic very low density lipoprotein (HTG-VLDL). Binds and internalizes TRL when out of the context of the macrophage. May provide essential lipids to reticuloendothelial cells. Could also be involved in foam cell formation with elevated TRL and remnant lipoprotein (RLP). Mediates the rapid high-affinity uptake of chylomicrons (CM), HTG-VLDL, and trypsinized (tryp) VLDL devoid of APOE in vitro in macrophages.
||Cell membrane, Peripheral membrane protein
||Expressed in peripheral blood leukocytes > bone marrow = spleen > lymph node, and only faintly visible in appendix and thymus. Expressed in the brain, heart, kidney, liver, lung, pancreas, and placenta. Expressed primarily by reticuloendothelial cells: mo