Human islet amyloid polypeptide,IAPP ELISA Kit

Instructions
Code CSB-E09624h
Size 96T,5×96T,10×96T
Trial Size 24T ELISA kits trial application
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Product Details

Target Name islet amyloid polypeptide
Alternative Names Amylin ELISA Kit; DAP ELISA Kit; Diabetes associated peptide ELISA Kit; Diabetes-associated peptide ELISA Kit; IAP ELISA Kit; IAPP ELISA Kit; IAPP_HUMAN ELISA Kit; Insulinoma amyloid peptide ELISA Kit; Islet amyloid polypeptide (diabetes associated peptide, amylin) ELISA Kit; Islet amyloid polypeptide ELISA Kit
Abbreviation IAPP
Uniprot No. P10997
Species Homo sapiens (Human)
Sample Types serum, plasma, urine
Detection Range 47 pg/mL-3000 pg/mL
Sensitivity 11.75 pg/mL
Assay Time 1-5h
Sample Volume 50-100ul
Detection Wavelength 450 nm
Research Area Signal Transduction
Assay Principle quantitative
Measurement Sandwich
Precision
Intra-assay Precision (Precision within an assay): CV%<8%
Three samples of known concentration were tested twenty times on one plate to assess.
Inter-assay Precision (Precision between assays):CV%<10%
Three samples of known concentration were tested in twenty assays to assess.
Linearity
To assess the linearity of the assay, samples were spiked with high concentrations of human IAPP in various matrices and diluted with the Sample Diluent to produce samples with values within the dynamic range of the assay.
  Sample Serum(n=4)
1:1 Average % 83
Range % 80-86
1:2 Average % 102
Range % 98-106
1:4 Average % 93
Range % 90-96
1:8 Average % 105
Range % 101-109
Recovery
The recovery of human IAPP spiked to levels throughout the range of the assay in various matrices was evaluated. Samples were diluted prior to assay as directed in the Sample Preparation section.
Sample Type Average % Recovery Range
Serum (n=5) 89 85-93
EDTA plasma (n=4) 102 98-106
Typical Data
These standard curves are provided for demonstration only. A standard curve should be generated for each set of samples assayed.
pg/ml OD1 OD2 Average Corrected
3000 1.901 1.932 1.917 1.774
1500 1.547 1.527 1.537 1.394
750 1.125 1.136 1.131 0.988
375 0.798 0.778 0.788 0.645
187.5 0.537 0.528 0.533 0.390
94 0.326 0.312 0.319 0.176
47 0.244 0.241 0.243 0.100
0 0.145 0.140 0.143  
Troubleshooting
and FAQs
ELISA kit FAQs
Storage Store at 2-8°C. Please refer to protocol.
Lead Time 3-5 working days

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Target Data

Function Selectively inhibits insulin-stimulated glucose utilization and glycogen deposition in muscle, while not affecting adipocyte glucose metabolism.
Gene References into Functions
  1. In conclusion, IAPP/amylin directly interacts with NLRP3 to activate NLRP3 inflammasome, and this interaction could be an attractive drug target to avoid inflammation and beta-cell death during therapy for diabetes, although there are mechanisms in NLRP3 inflammasome and diabetes pathology in human tissues that still require elucidation. PMID: 30014749
  2. These findings suggest that increased membrane permeation induced by oligomeratization of amylin peptide in cell sarcolemma contributes to Ca(2+) dysregulation in pre-diabetes. PMID: 29604965
  3. down-regulation of IAPP expression induces the death of human annulus fibrosus cells via mitochondrial and death receptor pathways, potentially offering a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of intervertebral disc degeneration. PMID: 28433710
  4. This study highlights that with positional scanning of the split-tetracysteine motif (Cys-Cys), the fluorogenic probe fluorescein arsenical hairpin detection method offers unique time-dependent conformational insights on the proteospecies assembled throughout the amyloidogenic pathway of IAPP. PMID: 29360346
  5. Bri2 BRICHOS domain is a potent inhibitor of IAPP fibril formation.IAPP colocalizes with Bri2 both intracellularly and in islet amyloid deposits. PMID: 29507232
  6. Insulin resistance in rheumatoid arthritis does not appear to be mediated by amylin. This would imply that the mechanisms associated with IR in RA patients differ from those at work in type 2 diabetes. PMID: 29352842
  7. During aggregation, the nucleating NFGAIL region remains flexible and accessible within this isolated intermediate, suggesting a mechanism by which membrane-associated aggregation may be propagated. PMID: 29148426
  8. Study presents a new Zn(2+) binding site in the N-terminus of fibrillary amylin with three different coordination modes. Simulations showed that Zn(2+) ions bind to polymorphic amylin fibrils with a preference to bind to four Cys residues rather than two Cys residues of two neighboring amylin monomers. PMID: 28692245
  9. The IAPP beta-hairpin can serve as a molecular recognition motif enabling control of IAPP aggregation. PMID: 27641459
  10. cholesterol significantly modulates the ability of model membranes to induce IAPP amyloid formation and IAPP-mediated membrane damage. PMID: 29373018
  11. point mutations within the central aggregation-prone regions contribute to the reduction of the overall amyloidogenic potential of IAPP but do not completely abolish the formation of IAPP amyloid fibrils. PMID: 28602716
  12. Using the Tg2576 AD mouse model, a single intraperitoneal injection of amylin significantly increased Abeta serum levels, and the effect was abolished by AC253, an amylin receptor antagonist, suggesting that amylin effect could be mediated by its receptor. Subsequent mechanistic studies showed amylin enhanced Abeta transport across a cell-based model of the blood-brain barrier. PMID: 28059785
  13. These results suggest that protein segment structures represent polymorphs of their parent protein and that segment 19-29 S20G may serve as a model for the toxic spine of human IAPP. PMID: 28045370
  14. All-atom explicit-water molecular dynamics (MD) simulations studying adsorption, orientation, and surface interaction of hIAPP aggregates with different sizes (monomer to tetramer) and conformations (monomer with alpha-helix and tetramer with beta-sheet-rich U-turn) upon adsorption. hIAPP monomer with alpha-helical conformation and hIAPP pentamer with beta-sheet conformation can adsorb on both POPC and POPC/POPE bilayers. PMID: 28585804
  15. The aggregation of rhIAPP also occurred significantly faster when compared with that of the chemically synthesized peptide. PMID: 29046394
  16. Data (including data from studies using tissues from transgenic mice) suggest that IL1B plays dual roles by (1) mediating islet amyloid-induced FAS up-regulation and apoptosis in pancreatic beta-cells and (2) down-regulating IAPP precursor processing thereby potentiating islet amyloid formation. (IL1B = interleukin-1beta; FAS = FAS cell surface death receptor; IAPP = islet amyloid polypeptide) PMID: 28058779
  17. Data suggest that single aromatic/hydrophobic amino acid residues within IAPP (islet amyloid polypeptide) amyloid core region are able to control its interaction with amyloid-beta(1-40) or amyloid-beta(1-42) but not IAPP self-assembly; four aromatic/hydrophobic residues are able to control both IAPP amyloid self-assembly and its cross-interaction with amyloid-beta(1-40) or amyloid-beta(1-42). PMID: 28684415
  18. Data show that aluminum (Al3+) could inhibit islet amyloid polypeptide hIAPP(11-28) fibrillogenesis. PMID: 28338927
  19. The absence of BACE2 ameliorates glucose tolerance defects induced by IAPP overexpression in the beta-cell and promotes beta-cell survival. PMID: 28337562
  20. This study supports the elucidation of the structural basis of IAPP amyloid formation and highlights the extent of amyloid fibril polymorphism. PMID: 27607147
  21. Data suggest that a single GlcNAc residue at CTR N130 (asparagine 130) is responsible for enhanced affinity of calcitonin for CTR ECD; the same appears to apply for enhanced affinity of amylin for RAMP2-CTR ECD. [GlcNAc = N-acetylglucosamine; CTR = calcitonin receptor; ECD = extracellular domain; RAMP2 = receptor (calcitonin) activity modifying protein 2]. PMID: 28614667
  22. The kinetics of human amylin amyloid formation can be monitored by SYPRO-orange fluorescence and match the time course determined with thioflavin-T assays. PMID: 27479186
  23. effect of cholesterol on the amyloidogenicity of IAPP PMID: 27410742
  24. Together, our preclinical results suggest that AT406 could be further evaluated as a promising anti-pancreatic cancer agent. PMID: 27387230
  25. Al(III) could promote fibrillation and aggregation of hIAPP, while EGCG could inhibit the fibrillation of hIAPP and lead to the formation of hIAPP amorphous aggregates instead of the ordered fibrils PMID: 28074190
  26. Chondroitin sulfate A has an intensive promotion effect on the fibrillation of human IAPP at the palmitoyloleoylphosphatidylcholine (POPC) membrane, which is larger than the total effect of Chondroitin sulfate A alone and POPC alone. PMID: 27067251
  27. C4BP protects beta-cells from IAPP cytotoxicity by modulating IAPP fibril formation extracellularly and also, after uptake by the cells, by enhancing cholesterol synthesis. PMID: 27566545
  28. beta-hairpin peptide inhibitor of IAPP aggregation that are stabilized in that conformation, or even forced to remain in the hairpin conformation by a backbone cyclization constraint, display superior activity as inhibitors. PMID: 27317951
  29. hA17-29 aggregate toxicity seems to be mediated by RAGE and p75-NGFR receptors PMID: 27804051
  30. Serum levels of preptin and amylin were significantly lower in patients with psoriasis and Behcet's disease. PMID: 25545917
  31. These data suggest participation by both soluble and fibrillar aggregates in IAPP-induced islet inflammation. IAPP-induced activation of TLR2 and secretion of IL-1 may be important therapeutic targets to prevent amyloid-associated beta cell dysfunction. PMID: 26786104
  32. the effect of the endoplasmic reticulum chaperone protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) on beta-cell dysfunction, was examined. PMID: 26607804
  33. Data suggest that IAPP/membrane interaction strongly depends on protonation state of His18; at neutral pH, N-terminal domain is stabilized/anchored to membrane, while C-terminal domain is disordered as if in solution. PMID: 26953503
  34. Surface molecular structure and amino acid residue composition of hIAPP fibrils are specifically probed with nanoscale resolution using tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy. PMID: 25952953
  35. Structural studies and cytotoxicity assays of "aggregation-prone" IAPP(8-16) and its non-amyloidogenic variants suggest its important role in fibrillogenesis and cytotoxicity of human amylin. PMID: 25913357
  36. structural and dynamical information of amylin and CGRP PMID: 26331261
  37. The computational models support the cross-sequence interactions between ABETA and IAPP pentamers, which would lead to the complex hybrid ABETA-IAPP assemblies. PMID: 26173078
  38. Study focused on human islet amyloid polypeptide aggregates and a de novo designed short polypeptide at lipid/water and air/glass interfaces; found that parallel beta-sheets adopt distinct orientations at various interfaces and exhibit characteristic chiroptical responses in the amide I and N-H stretch regions. PMID: 26263128
  39. Secondary Structure of Rat and Human Amylin PMID: 26221949
  40. The intramolecular hydrogen bond formation by His(18) and the possibility of His(18) participating in the formation of alpha-helical structures greatly modulated the manner of hIAPP amyloid formation. PMID: 26777153
  41. Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 Protects Islets from Amyloid-induced Toxicity. PMID: 26483547
  42. cross-seeding assemblies between hIAPP and rIAPP oligomers PMID: 25706385
  43. combined computational and experimental study offers detailed mechanistic insight into the complex role of zinc on IAPP aggregation and T2D development PMID: 26603575
  44. When copper(II) was present in the solution, no dimers were detected. Thus, the copper(II) ions disrupt the association pathway to the formation of beta-sheet rich amylin fibrils. PMID: 26352401
  45. Computational studies identified new IAPP mutations that have stronger amyloid fibrils destabilizing potential that the currently known. PMID: 25903685
  46. The effect of a single proline mutant at position 26 in an amylin polypeptide on its binding to a lipid bilayer was studied. PMID: 25427619
  47. Inhibition of IAPP aggregation by insulin depends on the insulin oligomeric state regulated by zinc ion concentration PMID: 25649462
  48. Introducing the porcine insulin promoter-hIAPP expression vector into PK15 cells combined with exogenous Pdx-1, MafA and NeuroD1 resulted in the efficient expression of hIAPP at the gene level, but not the protein. PMID: 24825179
  49. There was abundant amylin aggregates in lysates of cardiac myocytes from obese patients, but not in controls. amylin aggregation at the sarcolemma induces oxidative stress and Ca(2+) dysregulation. PMID: 25146704
  50. interaction between HS and IAPP or the subsequent effects represent a possible therapeutic target whose blockage can lead to a prolonged survival of beta cells PMID: 25922077

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Subcellular Location Secreted
Protein Families Calcitonin family
Database Links

HGNC: 5329

OMIM: 147940

KEGG: hsa:3375

STRING: 9606.ENSP00000240652

UniGene: Hs.46835

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