Mouse Pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) ELISA KIT

Code CSB-EL018363MO
Size 96T,5×96T,10×96T
Trial Size 24T ELISA kits trial application
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Product Details


This Mouse POMC ELISA Kit was designed for the quantitative measurement of Mouse POMC protein in serum, plasma, cell culture supernates, tissue homogenates. It is a Competitive ELISA kit, its detection range is 0.73 pg/mL-3000 pg/mL and the sensitivity is 0.18 pg/mL.

Target Name Pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC)
Alternative Names
Pomc ELISA Kit; Pomc1Pro-opiomelanocortin ELISA Kit; POMC ELISA Kit; Corticotropin-lipotropin) [Cleaved into: NPP; Melanotropin gamma ELISA Kit; Gamma-MSH); Corticotropin ELISA Kit; Adrenocorticotropic hormone ELISA Kit; ACTH); Melanocyte-stimulating hormone alpha ELISA Kit; Alpha-MSH ELISA Kit; Melanotropin alpha); Corticotropin-like intermediary peptide ELISA Kit; CLIP); Lipotropin beta ELISA Kit; Beta-LPH); Lipotropin gamma ELISA Kit; Gamma-LPH); Melanocyte-stimulating hormone beta ELISA Kit; Beta-MSH ELISA Kit; Melanotropin beta); Beta-endorphin; Met-enkephalin] ELISA Kit
Abbreviation POMC
Uniprot No. P01193
Species Mus musculus (Mouse)
Sample Types serum, plasma, cell culture supernates, tissue homogenates
Detection Range 0.73 pg/mL-3000 pg/mL
Sensitivity 0.18 pg/mL
Assay Time 1-5h
Sample Volume 50-100ul
Detection Wavelength 450 nm
Research Area Cancer
Assay Principle quantitative
Measurement Competitive
Intra-assay Precision (Precision within an assay): CV%<8%      
Three samples of known concentration were tested twenty times on one plate to assess.  
Inter-assay Precision (Precision between assays): CV%<10%      
Three samples of known concentration were tested in twenty assays to assess.    
To assess the linearity of the assay, samples were spiked with high concentrations of mouse POMC in various matrices and diluted with the Sample Diluent to produce samples with values within the dynamic range of the assay.
  Sample Serum(n=4)  
1:1 Average % 84  
Range % 80-92  
1:2 Average % 100  
Range % 95-110  
1:4 Average % 90  
Range % 88-94  
1:8 Average % 93  
Range % 86-98  
The recovery of mouse POMC spiked to levels throughout the range of the assay in various matrices was evaluated. Samples were diluted prior to assay as directed in the Sample Preparation section.
Sample Type Average % Recovery Range  
Serum (n=5) 95 89-98  
EDTA plasma (n=4) 98 93-103  
Typical Data
These standard curves are provided for demonstration only. A standard curve should be generated for each set of samples assayed.
pg/ml OD1 OD2 Average    
3000 0.227 0.219 0.223    
750 0.304 0.298 0.301    
187.5 0.475 0.456 0.466    
46.88 0.752 0.705 0.729    
11.72 1.256 1.223 1.240    
2.93 1.573 1.614 1.594    
0.73 1.811 1.742 1.777    
0 2.268 2.297 2.283    
ELISA Data Analysis Watch ELISA data processing video & download Curve Expert if needed
and FAQs
Storage Store at 2-8°C. Please refer to protocol.
Lead Time 3-5 working days

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Target Background

(From Uniprot)
Stimulates the adrenal glands to release cortisol.; Anorexigenic peptide. Increases the pigmentation of skin by increasing melanin production in melanocytes.; Increases the pigmentation of skin by increasing melanin production in melanocytes.; Endogenous orexigenic opiate.; Endogenous opiate.
Gene References into Functions
  1. Authors show that renal-denervated WT and diabetic mice recapitulate the phenotype of improved glucose tolerance and elevated glycosuria associated with reduced renal GLUT2 levels observed in obese ArcPomc(-/-) mice. PMID: 29031726
  2. Alpha - MSH enhanced leptin sensitivity and preadipocyte proliferation, meanwhile inhibited endoplasmic reticulum stress of preadipocytes by activating Notch1 signal. PMID: 27717825
  3. Glutamate transporter-associated protein 3-18 (GTRAP3-18), an anchor protein that retains interacting proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum, is a critical regulator of food intake and body weight by interacting with POMC. GTRAP3-18-deficient mice showed hypophagia, lean bodies, and lower blood glucose, insulin, and leptin levels with increased serum and brain alpha-MSH levels, leading to AMPK inhibition. PMID: 28904020
  4. Immunostaining of serial sections of the hypothalamus revealed that POMC-expressing neurons were smaller in WNK1 TG mice than in WT mice. PMID: 29392534
  5. Selenoprotein T is a novel oligosaccharyltransferase subunit that regulates unfolded protein response signaling and ACTH secretion. PMID: 28928140
  6. Study shows that alpha melanocyte stimulating hormone and forkhead box C2 protein promote fatty acid oxidation through C/EBPbeta negative transcription in mice adipose tissue. PMID: 27819350
  7. Our findings demonstrate alphaMSH plays a key role in the prevention of adipose inflammation and inflammatory diseases by down-regulating Akt/JNK signal pathway and negatively interacting with FoxOs, which brings up alphaMSH as a novel candidate factor in the adipose anti-inflammation process in obesity. PMID: 28514752
  8. Data indicate the regulation of energy balance in BMPR1A-mediated appetite regulation in POMC neurons. PMID: 29040444
  9. POMC and AgRP neurons receive direct steroid- and frequency-dependent glutamatergic synaptic input from Kiss1(ARC) neurons in male mice PMID: 27093227
  10. Localization of the dopamine receptors of types 1 and 2 on the bodies of POMC-expressing neurons of the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus in mice and rats.( PMID: 28429261
  11. These findings indicate that the relevance of AgRP to POMC neuron GABA connectivity depends on the state of AgRP neuron activity and suggest that different types of transmitter release should be considered when circuit mapping. PMID: 28667175
  12. To clarify the functional roles of the AKT-mTOR pathway in the hippocampal neurons, we generated conditional knockout mice harboring the deletion of Pten (Pten-cKO) in Proopiomelanocortin-expressing neurons. PMID: 26961412
  13. Epo regulates hypothalamus POMC expression via STAT3 activation. PMID: 26563310
  14. Data suggest that the solitary tract pro-opiomelanocortin (NTSPOMC) neurons were involved in cardiorespiratory control and endogenous analgesia. PMID: 27077912
  15. hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (Arc)POMC-deficient mice, which develop severe obesity and insulin resistance, unexpectedly exhibit improved glucose tolerance and remain protected from hyperglycemia via decreased renal GLUT2 expression and glycosuria. PMID: 26467632
  16. Hypomethylation of POMC promoter occurred in the hypothalamus of the high sucrose diet offspring compared with controls. PMID: 25936720
  17. Alpha-MSH may play an important role in the itching associated with pigmented cutaneous lesions and that the histamine released from keratinocytes is involved in this alpha-MSH-induced itching. PMID: 26358220
  18. These data indicate that glucose induces distinct excitatory synaptic plasticity in different subpopulations of POMC neurons. PMID: 25127258
  19. Although genetic deletion of either Atg12 or Atg5 renders POMC neurons autophagy-deficient, mice lacking Atg5 in POMC neurons do not exhibit these phenotypes. PMID: 25585051
  20. these results reveal that cooperative interactions between the enhancers confer robustness of Pomc expression against gene regulatory disturbances and preclude deleterious metabolic phenotypes caused by Pomc deficiency in adulthood PMID: 25671638
  21. In contrast to mice with total hypothalamic Pomc deficiency, which are severely obese, mice with Lepr-restricted Pomc expression displayed fully normal body weight, food consumption, glucose homeostasis, and locomotor activity. PMID: 25594696
  22. Data suggest FoxO1 (forkhead box O1) region Gly140-Leu160 (Gln145, Arg147, Lys148, Arg153, Arg154) is critical for FoxO1 interaction with Stat3 (signal transducer/activator of transcription 3) in down-regulation of leptin-induced Pomc transcription. PMID: 25510553
  23. increased plasma ACTH levels in chronic psychosocially stressed male mice PMID: 24376791
  24. Data (including data from knockout mice) suggest that mobilization of neutrophils during stress requires expression of annexin A1 and likely involves ACTH-mediated activation/up-regulation of various receptors on surface membrane of neutrophils. PMID: 25184992
  25. ACTH activates Brown adipose tissue and browning of white adipose tissue while corticosterone counteracts this PMID: 25085924
  26. we demonstrate that POMC gene delivery suppressed melanoma growth by inducing apoptosis, which was at least partly dependent on Nox4 upregulation. PMID: 24412703
  27. alpha-MSH overexpression in the nucleus tractus solitarius decreases fat mass and elevates heart rate. PMID: 24829220
  28. Data indicate that early-life exposure to ethanol disrupts circadian oscillations of gene expression of proopiomelanocortin (POMC) and metabolic genes in POMC neurons. PMID: 24797626
  29. Rab3a deficiency promotes constitutive secretion and underlies selective impairment of Ca(2)-dependent release of alpha-MSH PMID: 24205339
  30. Data suggest changes in DNA methylation regulate expression of pituitary Pomc; CpG site-specific methylation of Pomc promoter represses mRNA transcription; reduction in DNA methylation occurs with delay after early-life stress and persists 1 year. PMID: 24506071
  31. postnatal ablation of POMC neurons leads to enhanced anxiety and the development of obesity despite decreased food intake and glucocorticoid deficiency. PMID: 23676213
  32. Gamma-2MSH directly regulates both ENaCalpha expression and cellular localization in the inner medulla to exert its natriuretic effect. PMID: 23871693
  33. This study demonstrated that both glutamatergic and GABAergic cells comprise significant, distinct subpopulations of hypothalamic POMC neurons. PMID: 23640796
  34. Data indicate the cellular and molecular mechanisms that underlie proopiomelanocortin (POMC) neuronal function under normal and perturbed physiological conditions in immortalized neuronal cell lines. PMID: 24134870
  35. NF-kappaB suppresses food intake and energy expenditure in mice by directly activating the Pomc promoter PMID: 23370526
  36. alpha-MSH and NPY modulate phagocytic activity in macrophages. PMID: 23689030
  37. Our results show dynamic changes in POMC in hypothalamic and extra-hypothalamic regions that may contribute to the negative affective/emotional state of heroin withdrawal PMID: 23337531
  38. The authors show a negative correlation between miR-375 and Pomc expression and suggest that miR-375 is a novel negative regulator of POMC expression and related hormone secretion. PMID: 23430746
  39. Additional studies demonstrate that arcuate nucleus pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) expressing neurons are unresponsive to leptin PMID: 23341784
  40. In females, adult exposure to the high fat diet increased POMC expression in the arcuate nucleus. There was no change for males. There were no effects of BPA or DES exposure. PMID: 23493373
  41. Cordycepin decreased the phosphorylation of CREB induced by alpha-MSH and IBMX in B16F10 melanoma cells. PMID: 21972008
  42. Pomc expression has an effect on diverse immature neuronal populations PMID: 22166984
  43. symptoms of atopic dermatitis such as scratching can be exacerbated by alpha-MSH, which is induced by iNOS-derived NO PMID: 21895774
  44. The coordinate expression of Etv1 with POMC cell differentiation and its interaction with the highly cell-restricted Tpit factor indicate that Etv1 participates in a combinatorial code for pituitary cell-specific gene expression. PMID: 21622576
  45. Apelin and the proopiomelanocortin system: a new regulatory pathway of hypothalamic alpha-MSH release. PMID: 21846903
  46. SGK1 is strongly stimulated by glucocorticoids in pituitary corticotrophs; however, its effects on POMC transcription are antagonistic to the classical inhibitory glucocorticoid action PMID: 21586695
  47. Pituitary expression of POMC gene relies on a upstream enhancer that complements the activity of the proximal promoter with Tpit as the major regulator of both regulatory regions. The enhancer is conserved among species but not in hormone responsiveness. PMID: 21193556
  48. These data show that PTP1B in proopiomelanocortin neurons plays a role in short-term cold-induced reduction of spontaneous physical activity PMID: 21406615
  49. Data show that the phenotype of a mouse lacking both POMC and AgRP (DKO) is indistinguishable from that of mice lacking Pomc alone. PMID: 21363936
  50. The results shed light on the sex dependent differences in brain functioning and the role of Sry in the beta endorphin system related to the higher frequency of autistic disorder in males. PMID: 21408198

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Subcellular Location Secreted.
Protein Families POMC family
Tissue Specificity ACTH and MSH are produced by the pituitary gland.
Database Links

KEGG: mmu:18976

STRING: 10090.ENSMUSP00000020990

UniGene: Mm.277996

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