Recombinant Human Homeobox protein MSX-1 (MSX1)

Code CSB-YP015068HU
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Source Yeast
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Code CSB-EP015068HU
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Source E.coli
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Code CSB-EP015068HU-B
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Source E.coli
Conjugate Avi-tag Biotinylated
E. coli biotin ligase (BirA) is highly specific in covalently attaching biotin to the 15 amino acid AviTag peptide. This recombinant protein was biotinylated in vivo by AviTag-BirA technology, which method is BriA catalyzes amide linkage between the biotin and the specific lysine of the AviTag.
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Code CSB-BP015068HU
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Source Baculovirus
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Code CSB-MP015068HU
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Source Mammalian cell
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Product Details

>85% (SDS-PAGE)
Target Names
Uniprot No.
Alternative Names
AA675338; AI324650; Homeobox 7; Homeobox protein Hox-7; Homeobox protein MSX 1; Homeobox protein MSX-1; Homeobox protein MSX1; Homeobox, msh like 1 ; Homeobox, msh-like 1; HOX 7; Hox 7.1; Hox-7; HOX7; Hox7.1; HYD 1; HYD1; msh (Drosophila) homeo box homolog 1 (formerly homeo box 7); Msh; msh homeo box 1; msh homeo box homolog 1; Msh homeobox 1; Msh homeobox 1 like protein; Msh homeobox 1-like protein; msh homeobox homolog 1 (Drosophila); msh homeobox homolog 1; MSH, Drosophila, Homolog of, 1; MSX 1; MSX1; MSX1_HUMAN; Muscle segment homeobox; Muscle segment homeobox, Drosophila, Homolog of, 1; OFC5; OTTHUMP00000115387 ; STHAG1
Homo sapiens (Human)
Expression Region
Target Protein Sequence
Protein Length
Full length protein
Tag Info
The following tags are available.
N-terminal His-tagged
The tag type will be determined during production process. If you have specified tag type, please tell us and we will develop the specified tag preferentially.
Lyophilized powder
Note: We will preferentially ship the format that we have in stock, however, if you have any special requirement for the format, please remark your requirement when placing the order, we will prepare according to your demand.
Buffer before Lyophilization
Tris/PBS-based buffer, 6% Trehalose, pH 8.0
We recommend that this vial be briefly centrifuged prior to opening to bring the contents to the bottom. Please reconstitute protein in deionized sterile water to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/mL.We recommend to add 5-50% of glycerol (final concentration) and aliquot for long-term storage at -20℃/-80℃. Our default final concentration of glycerol is 50%. Customers could use it as reference.
Troubleshooting and FAQs
Storage Condition
Store at -20°C/-80°C upon receipt, aliquoting is necessary for mutiple use. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Shelf Life
The shelf life is related to many factors, storage state, buffer ingredients, storage temperature and the stability of the protein itself.
Generally, the shelf life of liquid form is 6 months at -20°C/-80°C. The shelf life of lyophilized form is 12 months at -20°C/-80°C.
Lead Time
Delivery time may differ from different purchasing way or location, please kindly consult your local distributors for specific delivery time.
Note: All of our proteins are default shipped with normal blue ice packs, if you request to ship with dry ice, please communicate with us in advance and extra fees will be charged.
Repeated freezing and thawing is not recommended. Store working aliquots at 4°C for up to one week.
Please contact us to get it.

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Target Background

Acts as a transcriptional repressor. May play a role in limb-pattern formation. Acts in cranofacial development and specifically in odontogenesis. Expression in the developing nail bed mesenchyme is important for nail plate thickness and integrity.
Gene References into Functions
  1. Gene-gene interaction between MSX1 and TP63 may influence the risk of nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate in Asian populations. PMID: 29341488
  2. MSX1 exerts tumor-suppressive functions by inducing G1/S cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in breast tumorigenesis. PMID: 29436596
  3. In male infants, there was no association between the mother's homozygous MSX1 p(CA) *4/*4 genotype and nsCL+/-P (RR, 0.98; 95% CI, 0.63-1.54), but this maternal genotype resulted in a doubling of risk for female infants (RR, 2.21; 95% CI, 1.13-4.34). PMID: 27996298
  4. p19(INK4d) plays an active role during human tooth development along with MSX1 and MSX2 PMID: 28933666
  5. Novel human mutation and CRISPR/Cas genome-edited mice reveal the importance of C-terminal domain of MSX1 in tooth and palate development. PMID: 27917906
  6. Hypomethylation of CpG sites within the MSX1 gene is associated with resistant high-grade serous ovarian cancer at presentation and identifies expression of MSX1 as conferring platinum drug sensitivity. PMID: 26763252
  7. MSX1 homeobox protein accumulation is associated with the secretory phase in endometrium of fertile couples, and is widely disrupted in infertile patients. It is the first study to examine MSX1 protein localization in the human endometrium, and supported by genetic findings in mice, suggests that genes regulated by MSX1 are linked to the loss of epithelial cell polarity required for uterine receptivity during implantation PMID: 27312535
  8. a strong correlation between observed phenotypes and the location in the MSX1 protein structure of the disease causing mutations (review) PMID: 27381090
  9. this study shows that MSX1 is an important component of RLR-mediated signaling and reveal mechanisms on innate immune responses against RNA viruses PMID: 27194789
  10. MSX1 and DCLK1 might be used in colorectal cancer detection or as target of cancer therapies. PMID: 27966796
  11. We found the c.*6C > T variation in the MSX1 gene. This variant in the 3' untranslated region is located 6 bp downstream of the stop codon (TAG) in exon 2. We revealed a statistically significant association between the MSX1 c.*6C > T variant and Nonsyndromic cleft lip/palate in Turkey ( p = 0.01). PMID: 27228008
  12. The results of this study suggest an association between CL/P susceptibility and SNP1, located near the MSX1 gene, in the Mexican population. PMID: 27729116
  13. Our study showed that TGFA/TGFB3/MSX1 gene polymorphisms were associated with congenital NSHI. The distribution of genotype frequencies and allele frequencies of TGFA rs3771494, TGFB3 rs3917201 and rs2268626, and MSX1 rs3821949 and rs62636562 were significantly different between the case and the control groups PMID: 27356075
  14. MSX1 was able to inhibit the Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway, and that the ability to regulate the Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway is critical for MSX1 to suppress glioblastoma cell migration and invasion. PMID: 26271668
  15. mutations in MSX1 gene might play an important role in hypodontia cases involving pre-molars and is a risk factor for this ethnic population mainly of Arabs and is first report linking these mutations with tooth agenesis. PMID: 27365112
  16. Statistically significant relations were found between detected 7 variations in MSX1gene and tooth size and were detected in which 5 of them are novel and one of them lead to amino acid change. PMID: 28040065
  17. identification and characterization of a novel intronic mutation in the MSX1 gene in a large Chinese pedigree, adding to the small repertoire of MSX1 mutations associated with autosomal dominant tooth agenesis. PMID: 27485761
  18. study reports 2 novel MSX1 mutations (c.739C>T; p.Pro247Ser and c.607G>A; p.Ala203Thr) in 2 Thai families; one is associated with preaxial polydactyly of the left hand, bilateral cleft lip and palate, hypodontia, microdontia and dens invaginatus; the other is associated with unilateral cleft lip and palate, microdontia and hypodontia PMID: 26463473
  19. SNPs in the miRNA-binding sites might play important role in development of NSOCs. if confirmed, polymorphisms may be considered as additional markers for evaluation of infants' risk of NSOCs. PMID: 24603642
  20. The SNPs rs3821949 and rs12532 in the MSX1 gene were associated with congenital heart diseases in Chinese Han populations. PMID: 26556783
  21. The sequence dependence of local conformation of DNA enables MSX1 glutamine50>lysine to make hydrogen bond with its target nucleotide(s) of DNA. PMID: 25484111
  22. a Japanese family with nonsyndromic tooth agenesis caused by a novel nucleotide substitution in the intronic region between exons 1 and 2 of the MSX1 gene, is reported. PMID: 26030286
  23. TBP attenuates Msx1-mediated glycoprotein hormone alpha transcriptional repression. PMID: 26505791
  24. From a genetically diverse etiology MSX 1 799 G >T gene variant may be a good screening marker for NSCL/P in Raichur patients PMID: 24748298
  25. Results were suggestive of a positive association between MSX1 rs11726039 and non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate in the South Indian population. PMID: 25953455
  26. The present study provides no evidence that MSX1 polymorphisms (rs3775261, rs1042484, rs12532, rs6446693, rs4464513 and rs1907998) play a major role in non-syndromic cleft lip and/or palate PMID: 23130753
  27. Methylation changes were enriched in MSX1, CCND2, and DAXX at specific loci within the hippocampus of patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. PMID: 25738424
  28. A comprehensive meta-analysis of 4 case-control studies was conducted to explore the association between polymorphisms of Msh homeobox 1 (MSX1) and transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) genes and hypodontia. PMID: 25501212
  29. a non-stop mutation in MSX1 is responsible for oligodontia PMID: 24914010
  30. MSX1 homeodomain mutations are associated with tooth agenesis. PMID: 25101640
  31. Probably other genes can determine phenotypical patterns of dental agenesis in the families studied, different than the ones described in the mutations of MSX1 PMID: 24316698
  32. novel nonsense mutation (c.416G>A) in exon 1 of MSX1 from family with oligodontia. produced termination codon in 1st exon and gene product (W139X) truncated at C terminus; entire homeodomain/MH4 absent. W139X MSX1 responsible for tooth agenesis. PMID: 24329876
  33. the CA repeat polymorphism of the MSX1 gene may play a role in risk of Nonsyndromic oral clefts in populations from Southern Brazil PMID: 23903689
  34. Replication of a mutation previously implicated in other populations suggests a role for the MSX1 A34G variant in the development of CL(P). PMID: 21740177
  35. Significant association was demonstrated between genotypic distribution of SNPs in the MSX1 and PAX9 genes and tooth agenesis type (TAT) in Korean patients with nonsyndromic cleft lip and palate. PMID: 23718693
  36. Combined reduction of MSX1 and PAX9 gene dosages increased the risk for oligodontia in Mexican families. PMID: 24222224
  37. involvement of PAX9, EDA, SPRY2, SPRY4, and WNT10A as risk factors for MLIA. uncovered 3 strong synergistic interactions between MLIA liability and MSX1-TGFA, AXIN2-TGFA, and SPRY2-SPRY4 gene pairs. 1st evidence of sprouty genes in MLIA susceptibility. PMID: 24554542
  38. Findings suggest that identified polymorphisms (rs34165410 and rs34341187) may be responsible for the oligodontia phenotype in this Chinese family PMID: 23731659
  39. Variations in IRF6, MSX1 and PAX9, as well as genegene interactions, may be associated with nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without palate. PMID: 23921572
  40. Polymorphism in the MSX1 gene is associated with tooth agenesis. PMID: 24103583
  41. Between MSX1 rs3821949 and nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate is positively associated in the Korean population. PMID: 23580168
  42. In Msx1;Dlx5;Dlx6 triple mutant mice (TKO), beside the expected ectrodactyly, we also observe the hallmark morphological anomalies of Msx1;Msx2 double mutants suggesting an epistatic role of Dlx5 and Dlx6 over Msx2. PMID: 23382810
  43. The *6C>T polymorphism, when homozygous, may contribute to agenesis of upper lateral incisors. PMID: 22591773
  44. Findings suggest that the nonsense mutation in MSX1 might have resulted in rapid degradation of the mutated transcript and caused the phenotype of tooth agenesis with cleft lip in the Chinese family. PMID: 22813217
  45. PAX9 and MSX1 gene mutation can cause different phenotypes of tooth agenesis. PMID: 20602873
  46. The novel c.T671C mutation might be the etiological variant of the MSX1 gene responsible for the lack of permanent teeth in the tested family. PMID: 22297032
  47. The results showed positive correlation between MSX1 (799 G>T) gene variant and NSCLP patients. MSX1 (799 G>T) gene variants may be a good screening marker for NSCLP. PMID: 21972896
  48. The negative control of beta-catenin/DKK1 feedback loop by MSX1 may potentially contribute to excessive stabilization of beta-catenin. PMID: 22455953
  49. In sequencing the MSX1 coding regions in 124 patients with oral cleft, five variants were found, including three known variants (A34G, G110G and P147Q) and two novel variants (M37L and G267A). PMID: 21866112
  50. No significant association was found between NSOC and rs3821949 or rs12532 in MSX1 gene, whereas an association was observed between the P147Q variant and cleft lip with cleft palate in the case-control analysis. PMID: 21689018

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Involvement in disease
Tooth agenesis, selective, 1 (STHAG1); Ectodermal dysplasia 3, Witkop type (ECTD3); Non-syndromic orofacial cleft 5 (OFC5)
Subcellular Location
Protein Families
Msh homeobox family
Tissue Specificity
Expressed in the developing nail bed mesenchyme.
Database Links

HGNC: 7391

OMIM: 106600

KEGG: hsa:4487

STRING: 9606.ENSP00000372170

UniGene: Hs.424414

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