GLUD2 Antibody

Code CSB-PA009545GA01HU
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Product Details

Uniprot No. P49448
Target Names GLUD2
Alternative Names DHE4_HUMAN antibody; GDH 2 antibody; GDH antibody; GDH2 antibody; GLUD2 antibody; GLUDP1 antibody; Glutamate dehydrogenase 2 antibody; Glutamate dehydrogenase 2 mitochondrial antibody; Glutamate dehydrogenase pseudogene 1 antibody; mitochondrial antibody
Raised in Rabbit
Species Reactivity Human,Mouse,Rat
Immunogen Human GLUD2
Immunogen Species Homo sapiens (Human)
Isotype IgG
Purification Method Antigen Affinity purified
Concentration It differs from different batches. Please contact us to confirm it.
Buffer PBS with 0.02% Sodium Azide, 50% Glycerol, pH 7.3. -20°C, Avoid freeze / thaw cycles.
Tested Applications ELISA,WB,IHC,IF
Protocols ELISA Protocol
Western Blotting(WB) Protocol
Immunohistochemistry (IHC) Protocol
Immunofluorescence (IF) Protocol
Troubleshooting and FAQs Antibody FAQs
Storage Upon receipt, store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid repeated freeze.
Lead Time Basically, we can dispatch the products out in 1-3 working days after receiving your orders. Delivery time maybe differs from different purchasing way or location, please kindly consult your local distributors for specific delivery time.

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Target Background

Function
Important for recycling the chief excitatory neurotransmitter, glutamate, during neurotransmission.
Gene References into Functions
  1. hGDH2 evolution bestowed large human neurons with enhanced glutamate metabolizing capacity, thus strengthening cortical excitatory transmission. PMID: 26399640
  2. This study demonstrated that hGDH2 expression increases capacity for uptake and oxidative metabolism of glutamate, particularly during increased workload and hypoglycemia. PMID: 28032919
  3. This proliferation requires glutamate dehydrogenase 2, which synthesizes glutamate from ammonia and alpha-ketoglutarate and is expressed in MCF7 and T47D cells. Our findings provide insight into how cancer cells survive under glutamine deprivation conditions and thus contribute to elucidating the mechanisms of tumor growth. PMID: 29146184
  4. The expression of GLUD2 was identified in the cellular and subcellular compartments of numerous tissues. PMID: 27422263
  5. Notably, the introduction of GLUD2 did not affect glutamate levels in mice, consistent with observations in the primates. Instead, the metabolic effects of GLUD2 center on the tricarboxylic acid cycle, suggesting that GLUD2 affects carbon flux during early brain development, possibly supporting lipid biosynthesis. PMID: 27118840
  6. IDH1(R132H) exhibits a growth-inhibitory effect that is abrogated in the presence of glutamate dehydrogenase 2 (GLUD2), a hominoid-specific enzyme purportedly optimized to facilitate glutamate turnover in human forebrain. PMID: 25225364
  7. hGDH2 can operate efficiently in the relatively acidic environment that prevails in astrocytes following glutamate uptake [review] PMID: 24352816
  8. [review] Whereas GDH2 in most mammals is encoded by a single functional GLUD1 gene expressed widely, humans have acquired through retroposition an X-linked GLUD2 gene that encodes a highly homologous isoenzyme GDH2 expressed in testis and brain. PMID: 21420458
  9. GLUD2 glutamate dehydrogenase is expressed in neural and testicular supporting cells PMID: 20194501
  10. A gain-of-function rare polymorphism in hGDH2 hastens the onset of Parkinson's disease in hemizygous subjects. PMID: 19826450
  11. amino acid changes, acting in concert with Arg443Ser and Gly456Ala, ought to be responsible the unique properties of the brain-specific human isoenzyme PMID: 17924438
  12. Mitochondrial targeting specificity of GLUD2 is due to an amino acid substitution in the mitochondrial targeting sequence soon after the duplication event in the hominoid ancestor approximately 18-25 million years ago. PMID: 18688271
  13. study of molecular mechanisms regulating hGDH2 function by creating & analyzing mutants with single amino acid substitutions in the regulatory domain (antenna, pivot helix) of the protein PMID: 19393024
  14. GDH2 localizes mainly to mitochondria and to a lesser extent to the endoplasmic reticulum of cells PMID: 19428807

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Subcellular Location Mitochondrion matrix.
Protein Families Glu/Leu/Phe/Val dehydrogenases family
Tissue Specificity Expressed in retina, testis and, at a lower level, brain.
Database Links

HGNC: 4336

OMIM: 300144

KEGG: hsa:2747

STRING: 9606.ENSP00000327589

UniGene: Hs.368538

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