Recombinant Human Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor-associated protein (GABARAP)

Code CSB-EP009130HU
Size $224
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  • (Tris-Glycine gel) Discontinuous SDS-PAGE (reduced) with 5% enrichment gel and 15% separation gel.
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Product Details

Greater than 90% as determined by SDS-PAGE.
Target Names
Uniprot No.
Research Area
Homo sapiens (Human)
Expression Region
Target Protein Sequence
Note: The complete sequence including tag sequence, target protein sequence and linker sequence could be provided upon request.
Mol. Weight
14.6 kDa
Protein Length
Full Length of Mature Protein
Tag Info
C-terminal 6xHis-tagged
Liquid or Lyophilized powder
Note: We will preferentially ship the format that we have in stock, however, if you have any special requirement for the format, please remark your requirement when placing the order, we will prepare according to your demand.
If the delivery form is liquid, the default storage buffer is Tris/PBS-based buffer, 5%-50% glycerol. If the delivery form is lyophilized powder, the buffer before lyophilization is Tris/PBS-based buffer, 6% Trehalose, pH 8.0.
We recommend that this vial be briefly centrifuged prior to opening to bring the contents to the bottom. Please reconstitute protein in deionized sterile water to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/mL.We recommend to add 5-50% of glycerol (final concentration) and aliquot for long-term storage at -20℃/-80℃. Our default final concentration of glycerol is 50%. Customers could use it as reference.
Troubleshooting and FAQs
Storage Condition
Store at -20°C/-80°C upon receipt, aliquoting is necessary for mutiple use. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Shelf Life
The shelf life is related to many factors, storage state, buffer ingredients, storage temperature and the stability of the protein itself.
Generally, the shelf life of liquid form is 6 months at -20°C/-80°C. The shelf life of lyophilized form is 12 months at -20°C/-80°C.
Lead Time
Delivery time may differ from different purchasing way or location, please kindly consult your local distributors for specific delivery time.
Repeated freezing and thawing is not recommended. Store working aliquots at 4°C for up to one week.
Datasheet & COA
Please contact us to get it.

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Target Background

Ubiquitin-like modifier that plays a role in intracellular transport of GABA(A) receptors and its interaction with the cytoskeleton. Involved in autophagy: while LC3s are involved in elongation of the phagophore membrane, the GABARAP/GATE-16 subfamily is essential for a later stage in autophagosome maturation. Through its interaction with the reticulophagy receptor TEX264, participates in the remodeling of subdomains of the endoplasmic reticulum into autophagosomes upon nutrient stress, which then fuse with lysosomes for endoplasmic reticulum turnover. Also required for the local activition of the CUL3(KBTBD6/7) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, regulating ubiquitination and degradation of TIAM1, a guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) that activates RAC1 and downstream signal transduction. Thereby, regulates different biological processes including the organization of the cytoskeleton, cell migration and proliferation. Involved in apoptosis.
Gene References into Functions
  1. The centrosome and centriolar satellites regulate autophagosome formation by delivery of an ATG8-family member, GABARAP, to the forming autophagosome membrane, the phagophore. Its proposed that GABARAP regulates phagophore expansion by activating the ULK complex. [review] PMID: 28990689
  2. GABAergic synapse is proposed as a focus of aging. (Review) PMID: 28497576
  3. Cardiolipin interaction with various Atg8 human orthologs, namely LC3B, GABARAPL2 and GABARAP, was investigated. PMID: 27764541
  4. Although neither GABARAPs nor LC3s are required for autophagosome biogenesis, loss of all Atg8s yields smaller autophagosomes and a slowed initial rate of autophagosome formation. PMID: 27864321
  5. Development of LC3/GABARAP sensors containing a LIR and a hydrophobic domain to monitor autophagy. PMID: 28320742
  6. GABRP plays an important role in placentation and this pathway may be a promising molecular target for the development of novel therapeutic strategies for preeclampsia. PMID: 27221053
  7. KBTBD6 and KBTBD7 specifically bind to GABARAP proteins.GABARAP proteins mediate localized ubiquitylation of TIAM1 by CUL3. PMID: 25684205
  8. Data show that WAC directly binds to GM130 and that this binding is required for autophagosome formation through interacting with GABARAP regulating its subcellular localization. PMID: 26687599
  9. The interaction of GABARAP with Mulan-Ube2E3 supports the role of Mulan as an important regulator of mitophagy. PMID: 25224329
  10. The FLCN-GABARAP association is modulated by the presence of either folliculin-interacting protein (FNIP)-1 or FNIP2 and further regulated by ULK1. PMID: 25126726
  11. A functional complementation of an lgg-1 null mutant with human GABARAP, its closer homolog showed that it localizes to autophagosomes and can rescue LGG-1 functions in the early embryo. PMID: 25126728
  12. PLEKHM1 regulates autophagosome-lysosome fusion through homotypic fusion and protein sorting complex and LC3/GABARAP proteins. PMID: 25498145
  13. GABARBP dramatically inhibited VEGF-induced endothelial cell proliferation, migration, and tube formation, as well as VEGFR-2 phosphorylation in vitro. PMID: 24686084
  14. knockdown of LC3B but not GABARAPs resulted in significant accumulation of p62/Sqstm1, one of the selective substrates for autophagy PMID: 24582747
  15. These results support the regulatory role of Bcl-2 in autophagy and define GABARAP as a novel interaction partner involved in this intricate connection. PMID: 24240096
  16. Taken together, our results indicate that GABARBP can regulate the pro-apoptotic activity of cisplatin via the upregulation of p53 expression. PMID: 23545901
  17. The level of GABARAPs is decreased in Lewy body disease. PMID: 21684337
  18. Evidence suggests that changes in the expression and function of GABA(A) receptors are involved in the pathogenesis of epilepsy (review) PMID: 21376781
  19. Used diffusion-ordered nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy to study the temperature and concentration dependence of the diffusion properties of GABARAP. PMID: 20665069
  20. DLG4/PSD95 and GABARAP were analyzed using zebrafish embryos with morpholino knockdown system as a model organism. PMID: 20111057
  21. analysis of human NSF possible binding mode to GABARAP and GATE-16 PMID: 19533740
  22. Sequence-specific 1H, 13C and 15N resonance assignments of human GABA receptor associated protein. PMID: 11727985
  23. Backbone 1H, 13C, and 15N resonance assignments for a 14 kD protein, GABA(A) receptor associated protein (GABARAP). PMID: 11727986
  24. We present the three-dimensional structure of GABARAP obtained by x-ray diffraction at 1.75 A resolution PMID: 11729197
  25. Human Apg3p/Aut1p homologue is an authentic E2 enzyme for multiple substrates, GATE-16, GABARAP, and MAP-LC3, and facilitates the conjugation of hApg12p to hApg5p PMID: 11825910
  26. Solution structure of human GABA(A) receptor-associated protein GABARAP: implications for biolgoical funcrion and its regulation PMID: 11875056
  27. Gec1/GABARAPL1 was more expressed than GABARAP in the central nervous system (CNS), while GABARAP was more expressed in endocrine glands. PMID: 14625090
  28. GABARAP mRNA expression and protein expression were significantly down-regulated in invasive ductal and invasive lobular carcinomas; GABARAP acts via a vesicle transport mechanism as a tumor suppressor in breast cancer. PMID: 15695379
  29. GABARAP and DDX 47 are involved in the apoptotic process PMID: 15977068
  30. Phosphatidylserine and phosphatidylethanolamine are targets of the mammalian Atg8 modifiers, LC3, GABARAP, and GATE-16 PMID: 16303767
  31. GABARAP does not alter receptor kinetics directly, but by facilitating surface expression of alphabetagamma receptors. PMID: 16339017
  32. Results suggest that lysosomal turnover of GABARAP-PL is activated during the differentiation of C2C12 cells to myotubes without inactivation of the mTor kinase-signaling pathway. PMID: 16874098
  33. GABARAP and DLG4 genes are involved in the etiology of nicotine dependence in European-American smokers. PMID: 17164261
  34. The association of structurally altered GABARAP protein together with GABA(A) receptor downstream of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CAMKII) activation is essential for long-term potentiation. PMID: 17581966
  35. The X-ray structure of the soluble form of human GABA(A) receptor-associated protein complexed with a high-affinity synthetic peptide at 1.3 A resolution, is presented. PMID: 18638487
  36. Molecular modeling of a complex containing full-length calreticulin suggests a novel mode of substrate interaction, which may have functional implications for the calreticulin/calnexin family in general. PMID: 19154346
  37. The proapoptotic protein Nix/Bnip3L was found to be a potential GABARAP ligand. PMID: 19363302

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Subcellular Location
Endomembrane system. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Golgi apparatus membrane. Cytoplasmic vesicle, autophagosome. Cytoplasmic vesicle.
Protein Families
ATG8 family
Tissue Specificity
Heart, brain, placenta, liver, skeletal muscle, kidney and pancreas.
Database Links

HGNC: 4067

OMIM: 605125

KEGG: hsa:11337

STRING: 9606.ENSP00000306866

UniGene: Hs.647421

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