RAPGEF2 Antibody, HRP conjugated

Datasheet
Code CSB-PA897493LB01HU
Size US$299
Uniprot No. Q9Y4G8
Immunogen Recombinant Human Rap guanine nucleotide exchange factor 2 protein (1393-1498AA)
Raised in Rabbit
Species Reactivity Human
Tested Applications ELISA
Relevance Functions as a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF), which activates Rap and Ras family of small GTPases by exchanging bound GDP for free GTP in a cAMP-dependent manner. Serves as a link between cell surface receptors and Rap/Ras GTPases in intracellular signaling cascades. Acts also as an effector for Rap1 by direct association with Rap1-GTP thereby leading to the amplification of Rap1-mediated signaling. Shows weak activity on HRAS. It is controversial whether RAPGEF2 binds cAMP and cGMP (PubMed:23800469, PubMed:10801446) or not (PubMed:10608844, PubMed:10548487, PubMed:11359771). Its binding to ligand-activated beta-1 adrenergic receptor ADRB1 leads to the Ras activation through the G(s)-alpha signaling pathway. Involved in the cAMP-induced Ras and Erk1/2 signaling pathway that leads to sustained inhibition of long term melanogenesis by reducing dendrite extension and melanin synthesis. Provides also inhibitory signals for cell proliferation of melanoma cells and promotes their apoptosis in a cAMP-independent nanner. Regulates cAMP-induced neuritogenesis by mediating the Rap1/B-Raf/ERK signaling through a pathway that is independent on both PKA and RAPGEF3/RAPGEF4. Involved in neuron migration and in the formation of the major forebrain fiber connections forming the corpus callosum, the anterior commissure and the hippocampal commissure during brain development. Involved in neuronal growth factor (NGF)-induced sustained activation of Rap1 at late endosomes and in brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)-induced axon outgrowth of hippocampal neurons. Plays a role in the regulation of embryonic blood vessel formation and in the establishment of basal junction integrity and endothelial barrier function. May be involved in the regulation of the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor KDR and cadherin CDH5 expression at allantois endothelial cell-cell junctions.
Form Liquid
Conjugate HRP
Storage Buffer Preservative: 0.03% Proclin 300
Constituents: 50% Glycerol, 0.01M PBS, pH 7.4
Purification Method >95%, Protein G purified
Isotype IgG
Clonality Polyclonal
Alias Rap guanine nucleotide exchange factor 2 (Cyclic nucleotide ras GEF) (CNrasGEF) (Neural RAP guanine nucleotide exchange protein) (nRap GEP) (PDZ domain-containing guanine nucleotide exchange factor 1) (PDZ-GEF1) (RA-GEF-1) (Ras/Rap1-associating GEF-1), RAPGEF2, KIAA0313 NRAPGEP PDZGEF1
Immunogen Species Homo sapiens (Human)
Protocols ELISA Protocol
Research Area Neuroscience
Target Names RAPGEF2
Storage Upon receipt, store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid repeated freeze.
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Function Functions as a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF), which activates Rap and Ras family of small GTPases by exchanging bound GDP for free GTP in a cAMP-dependent manner. Serves as a link between cell surface receptors and Rap/Ras GTPases in intracellular signaling cascades. Acts also as an effector for Rap1 by direct association with Rap1-GTP thereby leading to the amplification of Rap1-mediated signaling. Shows weak activity on HRAS. It is controversial whether RAPGEF2 binds cAMP and cGMP
Subcellular Location Cytoplasm, Cytoplasm, perinuclear region, Cell membrane, Late endosome, Cell junction
Protein Families RAPGEF2 family
Tissue Specificity Expressed in primary neuronal and endocrine cells (at protein level). Highest expression levels in brain. Lower expression levels in heart, kidney, lung, placenta and blood leukocytes.
Database Links

HGNC: 16854

OMIM: 609530

KEGG: hsa:9693

STRING: 9606.ENSP00000264431

UniGene: Hs.744884

Pathway MAPK signaling pathway
Rap1 signaling pathway

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