||Potent inhibitor of cell death. Inhibits activation of caspases. Appears to regulate cell death by blocking the voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC) by binding to it and preventing the release of the caspase activator, CYC1, from the mitochondrial membrane. Also acts as a regulator of G2 checkpoint and progression to cytokinesis during mitosis. Regulates presynaptic plasticity, including neurotransmitter release and recovery, number of axonal mitochondria as well as size and number of synaptic vesicle clusters. During synaptic stimulation, increases ATP availability from mitochondria through regulation of mitochondrial membrane ATP synthase F(1)F(0) activity and regulates endocytic vesicle retrieval in hippocampal neurons through association with DMN1L and stimulation of its GTPase activity in synaptic vesicles. May attenuate inflammation impairing NLRP1-inflammasome activation, hence CASP1 activation and IL1B release (By similarity).
|Gene References into Functions
- interleukin-6, endothelin ET-1, and apoptotic Bak and Bcl-XL genes have roles in small bowel transplantation, in a swine model of ischemia and reperfusion injury PMID: 21884347
- Bcl-xL was significantly decreased in haploid parthenotes compared with the diploid parthenotes. These results suggest that the haploid state affects apoptosis-related gene expression which results in increased apoptosis PMID: 15984157
- CONCLUSION(S): (1) Apoptosis is involved in follicular atresia; (2) Bcl-2 is induced by warm ischemia; and (3) cryopreservation insult does not alter the apoptotic signals with short tissue preparation time. PMID: 16616078
- Data show that cysteine significantly reduced the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including TNF-alpha, IL-6, IL-12p40, IL-1beta, and resulted in increased expression of the apoptosis initiator caspase-8 and bcl2L1. PMID: 19520150
||Mitochondrion membrane, Single-pass membrane protein, Nucleus membrane, Single-pass membrane protein, Cytoplasmic side, Mitochondrion matrix, Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, microtubule organizing center, centrosome, Cytoplasm, cytosol, Cytoplasmic vesicle, secretory vesicle, synaptic vesicle membrane