Recombinant Human Tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 11A protein(TNFRSF11A) (Active)

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Code CSB-AP002321HU
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Product Details

Purity >98% as determined by SDS-PAGE and HPLC.
Endotoxin Less than 1.0 EU/μg as determined by LAL method.
Activity Fully biologically active when compared to standard. The ED50 as determined by its ability to inhibit sRANK Ligand induced nuclear factor kappa B(NFkappaB) in RAW 264.7 cells is less than 50 ng/ml, corresponding to a specific activity of >2.0x104 IU/mg in the presence of 15 ng/ml of recombinant sRANK Ligand.
Target Names TNFRSF11A
Uniprot No. Q9Y6Q6
Research Area Cancer
Alternative Names CD 265; CD265; FEO; LOH18CR1; Loss of heterozygosity 18 chromosomal region 1; mRANK; ODFR; OFE; OPTB7; Osteoclast differentiation factor receptor; OSTS; Paget disease of bone 2; PDB 2; PDB2; RANK; Receptor activator of NF KB; Receptor activator of NF-KB; receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B; TNF receptor superfamily member 11a; TNFRSF11A; TNR11_HUMAN; TRANCER; Tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 11a NFKB activator; Tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 11a activator of NFKB; Tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 11A
Species Homo sapiens (Human)
Source E.coli
Expression Region 29-202aa
Mol. Weight 19.1 kDa
Protein Length Partial
Tag Info Tag-Free
Form Lyophilized powder
Buffer Lyophilized from a 0.2 µm filtered 20 mM Tris-HCl, pH 8.0, 150mM NaCl
Reconstitution We recommend that this vial be briefly centrifuged prior to opening to bring the contents to the bottom. Please reconstitute protein in deionized sterile water to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/mL.We recommend to add 5-50% of glycerol (final concentration) and aliquot for long-term storage at -20°C/-80°C. Our default final concentration of glycerol is 50%. Customers could use it as reference.
and FAQs
Protein FAQs
Storage Condition Store at -20°C upon receipt, aliquoting is necessary for mutiple use. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Shelf Life The shelf life is related to many factors, storage state, buffer ingredients, storage temperature and the stability of the protein itself.
Generally, the shelf life of liquid form is 6 months at -20°C/-80°C. The shelf life of lyophilized form is 12 months at -20°C/-80°C.
Lead Time Basically, we can dispatch the products out in 5-10 working days after receiving your orders. Delivery time may differ from different purchasing way or location, please kindly consult your local distributors for specific delivery time.
Notes Repeated freezing and thawing is not recommended. Store working aliquots at 4°C for up to one week.
Datasheet & COA Please contact us to get it.

Target Data

Function Receptor for TNFSF11/RANKL/TRANCE/OPGL; essential for RANKL-mediated osteoclastogenesis. Involved in the regulation of interactions between T-cells and dendritic cells.
Gene References into Functions
  1. Reduced miR-144-3p expression in serum and bone mediates osteoporosis pathogenesis by targeting RANK. PMID: 29334613
  2. findings indicate that C/EBPalpha is a stronger inducer of osteoclast differentiation than c-Fos, partly via C/EBPalpha regulation by the RANK (535)IVVY(538) motif PMID: 29122885
  3. gammadelta T cells suppressed iDCs osteoclastogenesis by downregulation of the RANK/cFos/ATP6V0D2 signaling pathway. PMID: 30066839
  4. RANK protein expression increased from normal to malignant endometrium, and the expression level was related with tumor grade but not with stage or the age of subjects in endometrial cancer. PMID: 29932437
  5. study identified the second disease gene for DOS. TNFRSF11A isoforms may have the different roles in skeletal development and metabolism PMID: 29568001
  6. The mRNA expression of RANK was highest in prostate tumour tissue from patients with bone metastases as compared to BPH or locally confined tumours, also shown in clinical subgroups distinguished by Gleason Score or PSA level. PMID: 29204705
  7. RANK 575C>T polymorphisms did not show any statistically significant differences between the study groups (Osteoporosis and Osteopenia) and Postmenopausal women. PMID: 27304650
  8. For the RANK gene, the AGTGC haplotype was associated with the lowest risk of presenting chronic joint pain in individuals without TMD (P=0.03). This study supports the hypothesis that changes in the OPG and RANK genes influence the presence of chronic joint pain in individuals with and without TMD. PMID: 28464982
  9. In this study, whole exome sequencing (WES) was successfully used in six patients with malignant infantile osteopetrosis (MIOP) and identified mutations in four MIOP-related genes (CLCN7, TCIRG1, SNX10, and TNFRSF11A). PMID: 27187610
  10. RANK is increased in hormone receptor negative and basal breast cancer, and correlates with worse recurrence-free survival and risk of bone metastasis. PMID: 28577080
  11. RANK SNP rs34945627 has a high allelic frequency in patients with breast cancer and Bone metastases, and is associated with decreased disease-free survival and Overall Survival. PMID: 27191503
  12. RANK rewires energy homeostasis in human lung cancer cells and promotes expansion of lung cancer stem-like cells. PMID: 29118048
  13. EGFR and RANK combinatorial in vitro analyses revealed a significant upregulation of AKT and ERK signaling after EGF stimulation in cell lines and also an increase of breast cancer cell invasiveness. PMID: 29025596
  14. In histologically normal tissue of BRCA1-mutation carriers and showed that RANK(+) cells are highly proliferative, have grossly aberrant DNA repair and bear a molecular signature similar to that of basal-like breast cancer. PMID: 27322743
  15. Vav3 is a novel TRAF6 interaction partner that functions in the activation of cooperative signaling between T6BSs and the IVVY motif in the RANK signaling complex. PMID: 27507811
  16. RANK and CCR6 expressed on monocytes may be novel targets for the regulation of bone resorption in rheumatoid arthritis and osteoporosis. PMID: 27822475
  17. High RANK expression is associated with endometrial metastasis. PMID: 26734994
  18. Study showed that endogenous RANK expression changes might influence prostate cancer cell behavior since reduced RANK expression resulted in significantly increased PC-3 cell proliferation and adhesion. PMID: 26977008
  19. genetic variation associated with hypertension in Chinese women PMID: 25810067
  20. we could not identify any association between external apical root resorption and two SNPs, rs1805034 from TNFRSF11A (encoding RANK) and rs3102735 from TNFRSF11B (encoding OPG). PMID: 24118270
  21. Results suggest that Cbl-b improves the prognosis of RANK-expressing breast cancer patients by inhibiting RANKL-induced breast cancer cell migration and metastasis. PMID: 26087197
  22. Based on our findings, the functional SNP RANK rs1805034 T>C may be an indicator for individual susceptibility to GCA. PMID: 26451891
  23. Functional polymorphisms RANK rs1805034 T>C may be an indicator for individual susceptibility to esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. PMID: 25019155
  24. These findings indicate that epidermal leukocytes gradually acquire RANK during gestation - a phenomenon previously observed also for other markers on LCs in prenatal human skin. PMID: 25722033
  25. this study is the first to identify RANK overexpression as a novel esophageal cancer marker in both Kazakh and Han ethnic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients. PMID: 25973136
  26. RANK/OPG ratio of expression in primary ccRCC is associated with BM. PMID: 26528707
  27. Three single nucleotide polymorphisms of TNFRSF11A (rs4500848, rs6567270 and rs1805034) are associated with Age at menarche and Age at natural menopause in Chinese women. PMID: 25884698
  28. Microcomputed tomography analysis demonstrated that the mice treated with rhRANK exhibited an increased bone volume and structure model index, and decreased trabecular spacing compared with those treated with rhOPG-Fc. PMID: 25738879
  29. results indicate that the RANK IVVY motif cooperates with the TRAF-binding motifs to promote osteoclastogenesis, which provides novel insights into the molecular mechanism of RANK signaling in osteoclastogenesis. PMID: 26276390
  30. Response to sRANKL in normal and tumor cells suggests a role for RANK/ERK-mediated signaling in normal osteoblasts chemotactic migration during bone remodeling that is altered or lost during osteosarcoma tumorigenesis. PMID: 25893522
  31. Higher RANK expression in the primary breast tumor is associated with a higher sensitivity to chemotherapy, but also a higher risk of relapse and death. PMID: 24737168
  32. Changes in bone markers, OPG, sRANKL and/or the OPG/sRANKL ratio exhibited by girls with Anorexia nervosa have been found to be associated with changes in the levels of the selected adipose tissue hormones. PMID: 24549600
  33. Genetic polymorphism in TNFRSF11A influences bone mineral density in post-menopausal women. PMID: 25138264
  34. Single nucleotide polymorphisms of RANK and PTGS1 show genetic associations with osteoproliferative changes in ankylosing spondylitis. PMID: 24651623
  35. he top hit rs17069906 (p = 5.6 e-10) is located within the genomic region of RANK, recently demonstrated to be an important player in the adaptive recovery response in podocytes and suggested as a promising therapeutic target in glomerular diseases. PMID: 25478860
  36. This review study has focused on the association of RANKL-RANK-OPG pathway in the pathogenesis and progression of giant cell tumor of bone as well as discussed the possible therapeutic strategies by targeting this pathway PMID: 25618600
  37. The urinary mRNA of RANK might be used to differentiate histologic subtypes of glomerulonephritis, particularly between minimal change disease and membranous nephropathy. PMID: 25171769
  38. RANKL and IL-6 mediate direct paracrine-autocrine signaling between cells of the osteoblast lineage and cancer cells. PMID: 24676805
  39. PGRN and PIRO form a new regulatory axis in osteoclastogenesis that is included in RANK signaling in cell fusion and OC resorption of osteoclastogenesis PMID: 25406312
  40. we identified RANK expression as a negative prognostic factor regarding disease-free survival in osteosarcoma PMID: 24842377
  41. High RANK protein expression is associated with breast cancer. PMID: 25111682
  42. RANKL, either derived from the prostate tumor or from the host, plays a key role in cancer bone metastasis. PMID: 24478054
  43. The involvement of TNFRSF11A in hereditary recurrent fever highlights the key role of this receptor in innate immunity. PMID: 24891336
  44. Mechanistic studies showed that IL-10 downregulated RANK expression in monocytes and thus, inhibited RANKL-induced OC formation PMID: 24340030
  45. silencing of miR-503 using a specific antagomir in ovariectomy (OVX) mice increased RANK protein expression, promoted bone resorption PMID: 23821519
  46. The genotypes, combined genotypes and allele frequencies of C421T and C575T polymorphisms of the RANK gene have not been found to be associated with bone mineral density in Turkish women. PMID: 23553199
  47. RANK signaling interferes with mammary cell commitment, contributing to breast carcinogenesis. PMID: 23766243
  48. High RANK expression is associated with Avascular Necrosis of Femur Head. PMID: 24200492
  49. The atrial expression of RANK (and RANKL/osteoprotegerin ratio) was higher in normal controls compared to persistent atrial fibrillation patients. PMID: 22178057
  50. One mechanism of RANK inhibition by 1,25(OH)2D3 is down-regulation of the M-CSF receptor c-Fms, which is required for the expression of RANK. PMID: 23116709
  51. When TNFRSF11A-e5a is stimulated by RANK ligand, its capability to activate NF-kappaB is reduced compared to the wild type RANK receptor. PMID: 23664977
  52. Data show that cystatin C inhibits osteoclast differentiation and formation by interfering intracellularly with signaling pathways downstream RANK. PMID: 23572233
  53. EEIG1 is a novel RANK signaling component controlling RANK-mediated osteoclast formation. PMID: 23478294
  54. RANK-e5a is produced through splicing out part of exon 5, resulting in a truncation of its extracellular domain. This isoform seems to have lower binding capacity towards RANK ligand and at the same time it is unable to activate NF-kB, neither after RANKL stimuli, nor by its overexpression. Furthermore, RANK-e5a is specifically expressed in human brain raising the possibility of a tissue specific function. PMID: 23664977
  55. We conclude that RANK/TNFRSF11A is a novel and frequent target for de novo methylation in gliomas, which affects apoptotic activity and focus formation thereby contributing to the molecular pathogenesis of gliomas. PMID: 22787434
  56. Novel RANK variants, providing evidence of a complex regulatory pathway for RANK receptor signaling, with possible implications in various systems, tissues and cells. PMID: 22824341
  57. a common genetic variant near the 5'-end of TNFRSF11A, rs7226991, is associated with breast cancer risk in the general population and among carriers of mutations in the breast cancer 2, early onset (BRCA2) gene PMID: 21541702
  58. RANK expression in primary breast cancer associates with poor prognosis. PMID: 22496457
  59. Two nonsynonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (C421T, H141Y and T575C, V192A) in the TNFRSF11A gene, associated with Paget's disease of bone, were identified. PMID: 21987421
  60. There were five RANK SNPs associated with geometric parameters, including rs8083511 associated with distal radius cross-sectional area. PMID: 21964949
  61. Novel mutations in the TNFRSF11A gene in Autosomal recessive osteopetrosis, are reported. PMID: 22271396
  62. The results of the present study suggest that RANK is associated with Age at menarche in Chinese women. PMID: 22023082
  63. RANK in primary breast tumors has a role in bone metastasis occurrence in breast cancer patients; OPG has a role in survival PMID: 21559440
  64. Constitutive activation of NF-kappaB occurred in HEK293 cells overexpressing wild-type or mutant RANK but not in stably transfected cell lines expressing low levels of each RANK gene. PMID: 21472776
  65. The receptor of RANKL whick stimulates osteoclast differentiation and functionand ists mutation causes osteoclatst abnormalities. (review) PMID: 21814016
  66. Our study represents the first preliminary indication about a local increase of RANK concentration during fracture healing immediately after surgery. PMID: 20623281
  67. Receptor activator for nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (0.54 +/- 0.26 vs. 0.16 +/- 0.15 pmol/l, P < 0.0005) values were significantly higher in PCOS subjects compared to the control group PMID: 20694489
  68. assays demonstrated >300% increases in luciferase activity after RANK motif activation and Z '-factor values over 0.55 PMID: 21050071
  69. RANK might be involved in the development and maintenance of melanoma-initiating cells and possibly in metastatic spreading for melanoma PMID: 21270824
  70. Increasing concentrations of FSH caused a biphasic dose-response, with a maximal (1.5-fold) increase in RANK(high) cells PMID: 21159522
  71. The possible relationship between TNFRSF11A polymorphisms and sporadic Paget's disease of bone, was investigated. PMID: 20564239
  72. genetic risk for Paget's disease of bone is associated with variants close to CSF1, OPTN, TM7SF4, and TNFRSF11A genes PMID: 20839008
  73. These data highlight the central role of RANK/RANKL/OPG pathway as potential therapeutic target not only in bone metastasis management, but also in the adjuvant setting. PMID: 20857484
  74. These studies provide new insights into the pathogenesis of PDB and identify OPTN, CSF1 and TNFRSF11A as candidate genes for disease susceptibility. PMID: 20436471
  75. IKKalpha, IKKbeta, RANK, Maspin, c-FLIP, Cip2 and cyclinD1 were found to show significant differences between hepatocellular tumor tissue and its corresponding adjacent tissue. PMID: 19728335
  76. High-throughput copy number and gene expression data of 36 microsatellite stable sporadic colon cancers resected from patients of a single institution characterized for mutations in APC, KRAS, TP53 and loss of 18q were analyzed. PMID: 19672874
  77. data identify an entirely novel and unexpected function for the key osteoclast differentiation factors RANKL/RANK in female thermoregulation and the central fever response in inflammation PMID: 19940926
  78. Expansile skeletal hyperphosphatasia is caused by a 15-base pair tandem duplication (84dup15) in TNFRSF11A encoding RANK. PMID: 11771666
  79. immunohistochemical localization of this protein and its ligand in deciduous teeth PMID: 12043011
  80. MIP-1alpha and MIP-1beta induce expression of RANK ligand by stromal cells, thereby stimulating osteoclast differentiation of preosteoclastic cells. PMID: 12200385
  81. TAK1-dependent activation of AP-1 and c-Jun N-terminal kinase by receptor activator of NF-kappaB. PMID: 12296995
  82. Analysis of a large Spanish kindred confirms that exon 1 contains an insertional mutation in the RANK gene. PMID: 12362049
  83. a tandem duplication in exon 1 of the TNFRSF11A gene may have a role in familial expansile osteolysis PMID: 12568416
  84. associated with external apical root resorption PMID: 12709501
  85. the 75dup27 mutation causes a Paget's disease of bone-like phenotype PMID: 12929927
  86. transforming growth factor-beta promotes osteoclastogenesis in monocytes by stimulation of the p38 mitogen activated protein kinase but continuous exposure abrogates osteoclastogenesis by down-regulation of receptor activator of NF-KB(RANK) expression PMID: 12933809
  87. These data suggest that RANK is expressed by monocytes whose activation by RANKL stimulates directed migration involving phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, phosphodiesterase, and Src kinases. PMID: 15248232
  88. RANK is expressed in bone marrow stroma cells & endothelial cells but not myeloma cells. It is involed in IL-6 & IL-11 secretion. PMID: 15377473
  89. disruption of the RANKL-RANK axis with OPG inhibited tumor-induced osteoclastogenesis and decreased bone cancer pain. PMID: 15615497
  90. PU.1 regulates RANK gene transcription; this may represent one of the key roles of PU.1 in osteoclast differentiation PMID: 16083856
  91. a functional RANK expressed on osteosarcoma cells PMID: 16328004
  92. Expression of RANK-Fc by genetically modified Mesenchymal stem cells may be a feasible option for the prevention of bone loss induced by ovariectomy. PMID: 16556708
  93. results suggest that +34863G > A and +35928insdelC polymorphisms in RANK are possible genetic factors for low Bone mineral density in postmenopausal women PMID: 17115234
  94. Although the mutation in the Iranian and four of the previously described FEO pedigrees was the same, haplotypes based on the intragenic SNPs suggest that the mutations do not share a common descent. PMID: 17447113
  95. A major haplotype in block 5 of Tumor Necrosis Factor receptor superfamily member 11a (RANK) was significantly associated with higher stature in Caucasians. PMID: 17546619
  96. RANK contributes to osteoclastic bone resoption in RA patients. PMID: 17876645
  97. cDNA microarray and quantitative RT-PCR analyses demonstrate that RANK-positive osteosarcoma cells are the target of RANKL as well as osteoclasts/osteoclast precursors. PMID: 17982618
  98. RANK is expressed on prostate cancer cells and promotes invasion in a RANKL-dependent manner PMID: 18008334
  99. Osteoclast-poor osteopetrosis with agammaglobulinemia due to TNFRSF11A (RANK) mutation is reported. PMID: 18606301
  100. ligation of RANK on DC cell surfaces is not only a survival stimulus, but also induces a partial and specific mature DC phenotype PMID: 18632421

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Involvement in disease Familial expansile osteolysis (FEO); Paget disease of bone 2, early-onset (PDB2); Osteopetrosis, autosomal recessive 7 (OPTB7)
Subcellular Location Isoform 1: Cell membrane, Single-pass type I membrane protein, SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Isoform RANK-e5a: Cell membrane, Single-pass type I membrane protein
Tissue Specificity Ubiquitous expression with high levels in skeletal muscle, thymus, liver, colon, small intestine and adrenal gland.
Database Links

HGNC: 11908

OMIM: 174810

KEGG: hsa:8792

STRING: 9606.ENSP00000465500

UniGene: Hs.204044

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