||Monokine with inflammatory and chemokinetic properties. Binds to CCR5. One of the major HIV-suppressive factors produced by CD8+ T-cells. Recombinant MIP-1-beta induces a dose-dependent inhibition of different strains of HIV-1, HIV-2, and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV). The processed form MIP-1-beta(3-69) retains the abilities to induce down-modulation of surface expression of the chemokine receptor CCR5 and to inhibit the CCR5-mediated entry of HIV-1 in T-cells. MIP-1-beta(3-69) is also a ligand for CCR1 and CCR2 isoform B.
|Gene References into Functions
- identified 13 ADCC-activated genes. Six gene expression assays including 8 of the 13 genes (CCL3, CCL4/CCL4L1/CCL4L2, CD160, IFNG, NR4A3 and XCL1/XCL2) were analyzed in 127 kidney biopsies PMID: 25449536
- PCR results show that lower copy numbers of CCL4L1 are observed in the Caucasian population nd higher copy numbers are observed in the Black population of South Africa. PMID: 24727646
- CCL4L1 allele frequency is higher in severe psoriasis, whereas CCL4L2 is more frequent in patients with a milder disease. PMID: 21614014
- multiple copies of CCL3L1 and CCL4L1 present in a single diploid genome are the result of segmental duplication at chromosome 17q12 PMID: 15028295
||Intercrine beta (chemokine CC) family