RS1 Antibody, Biotin conjugated

Code CSB-PA020534LD01HU
Size US$166
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Product Details

Full Product Name
Rabbit anti-Homo sapiens (Human) RS1 Polyclonal antibody
Uniprot No.
Target Names
Alternative Names
Retinoschisin antibody; RS1 antibody; X-linked juvenile retinoschisis protein antibody; XLRS1_HUMAN antibody
Raised in
Species Reactivity
Recombinant Human Retinoschisin protein (24-224AA)
Immunogen Species
Homo sapiens (Human)
Purification Method
>95%, Protein G purified
It differs from different batches. Please contact us to confirm it.
Preservative: 0.03% Proclin 300
Constituents: 50% Glycerol, 0.01M PBS, PH 7.4
Tested Applications
Troubleshooting and FAQs
Upon receipt, store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid repeated freeze.
Lead Time
Basically, we can dispatch the products out in 1-3 working days after receiving your orders. Delivery time maybe differs from different purchasing way or location, please kindly consult your local distributors for specific delivery time.

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Target Background

Binds negatively charged membrane lipids, such as phosphatidylserine and phosphoinositides. May play a role in cell-cell adhesion processes in the retina, via homomeric interaction between octamers present on the surface of two neighboring cells. Required for normal structure and function of the retina.
Gene References into Functions
  1. molecular detail such as the precise localization of mutant protein in the cell as well as its ability to assemble into a functionally active oligomer might largely influence disease severity among XLRS patients PMID: 29851975
  2. These results establish that extracellular delivery of RS1 rescues the structural and functional deficits in the Rs1h knockout mouse model and that this ex vivo gene therapy approach can inhibit progression of disease. PMID: 27390514
  3. Taken together, RS1 mutation was found to segregate with retinoschisis phenotype while none of the other identified variations were co-segregating with the systemic defects. Hereby, we infer that the multisystemic defects harbored by the patient are a rare coexistence of XLRS, developmental delay, sensorineural hearing loss, and reduced axial tone reported for the first time in the literature. PMID: 28574807
  4. Results suggest a regulatory effect of retinoschisin on Na/K-ATPase signaling and localization, whereas Na/K-ATPase-dysregulation caused by retinoschisin deficiency could represent an initial step in XLRS pathogenesis. PMID: 28615319
  5. these findings support distinct mechanisms of pathology for two classes of X-linked retinoschisis -associated mutations in the retinoschisin assembly. PMID: 27798099
  6. A novel RS1 (97delT) mutation was identified in a Taiwanese family with X-linked retinoschisis (XLRS). This finding expands the RS1 mutation spectrum and may help to further understand the molecular pathogenesis of XLRS. PMID: 24529551
  7. Clinical and genetic characterization of affected homozygous females in XLRS affords the rare opportunity to explore the molecular mechanisms of XLRS and the manifestation of these mutations as disease in humans. PMID: 25894957
  8. A novel RS1 (304C > T) mutation in a Taiwanese family with X-linked retinoschisis. PMID: 26043410
  9. We identified a novel causative mutation of RS1 in a Chinese family with X-linked juvenile retinoschisis. PMID: 25168411
  10. the disease and p.Arg197Cys mutation of RS1 gene was identified PMID: 25799783
  11. X-linked retinoschisis despite striking differences in phenotypic presentation in affected subjects, homozygosity of one affected female, and seemingly dominant inheritance in three subsequent generations because of multiple consanguinity. PMID: 25054456
  12. Sequencing of the RS1 gene identified 16 mutations, nine of which were novel. PMID: 24505212
  13. Severe RS1 missense changes were associated with a lower ERG b/a ratio than were mild changes in X-linked retinoschisis suggesting the effect of the mutations on protein structure influenced the retinal dysfunction. PMID: 23847049
  14. Two novel exonic deletions within the RS1 gene locus, are reported. PMID: 24227916
  15. There is profound phenotypic variability in patients with XLRS. Nonsense, splice-site, or frame-shifting mutations in RS1 consistently caused electronegative bright-flash ERG, delayed flicker response, and abnormal PERG PMID: 23453514
  16. Four novel RS1 gene mutations have been described in male Polish patients with X-linked juvenile retinoschisis. PMID: 23288992
  17. aggregation propensity in the RS1 C110Y mutant is dependent upon the formation of suitable aggregating substrates for propagation of aggregation and not directly related to or determined by overall structural instability PMID: 22292953
  18. Clinical follow-up of an X-linked juvenile retinoschisis (XLRS) patient with a typical juvenile retinoschisis phenotype revealed no significant decline in visual acuity during this time period. PMID: 22171610
  19. Ten hemizygous mutations in RS1 were detected in patients from 14 of the 20 families with retinoschisis. PMID: 22245991
  20. Loss of RS1 due to mutations in the X-linked retinoschsis gene leads to splitting within the retinal layers. PMID: 22183371
  21. adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscopy images of two patients with molecularly characterized XLRS revealed increased cone spacing and abnormal packing in the macula of each patient, but cone coverage and function were near normal. PMID: 22110067
  22. RS1 mutation putative severity and age both had significant effects on retinal function in X-linked retinoschisis only in the severe mutation group, as judged by electroretinography analysis of the b-wave amplitude and the b/a-ratio PMID: 22039241
  23. Data suggest that retinoschisin secretion is regulated by the F-actin cytoskeleton, that cGMP or inhibition of ROCK alters F-actin structure enhancing the secretion, and that the microtubule cytoskeleton is also involved in this process. PMID: 21738583
  24. Two novel mutations (W112X and S134P) and three previously identified missense mutations (R102Q, R200H, and R213W) were found. PMID: 21701876
  25. Retinoschisin, the protein involved in the pathogenesis of X-linked juvenile retinoschisis, membrane association is severely impaired in the absence of ATP1A3 and ATP1B2. PMID: 21196491
  26. analyzed the biochemical consequences of several RS1 signal-sequence mutants (c.1A>T, c.35T>A, c.38T>C, and c.52G>A) in X-linked retinoschisis disease PMID: 20809529
  27. The R213W mutation in RS1 causes various severities of retinoschisis in a large Chinese family. PMID: 20806044
  28. Clinical follow-up of ten young XLRS (X-linked retinoschisis) patients with a typical congenital retinoschisis phenotype revealed no significant decline in retinal function during this time period. PMID: 20569020
  29. A novel p.D126G mutation appeared to be associated with a severe phenotype with vitreous hemorrhage developing in infancy. PMID: 20151283
  30. Results show that missense mutations of retinoschisin which cause intracellular retention also lead to an unfolded protein response. PMID: 19849666
  31. Novel and known missense mutations of XLRS1 gene in the diagnosis retinoschisis. PMID: 12055472
  32. Two novel point mutations of the XLRS1 gene in two Japanese patients with X-linked juvenile retinoschisis. One novel splice donor site mutation (IVS2 + 1g to a) and one missense mutation of exon 6 (Ala211Thr) were found. PMID: 12383832
  33. Basis of RS1 is intracellular retention of mutant proteins, which may explain why disease severity is not mutation-specific. PMID: 12417531
  34. Electroretinographic findings in three family members with X-linked juvenile retinoschisis associated with a novel Pro192Thr missense mutation of the XLRS1 gene. PMID: 12457918
  35. X-linked retinoschisis is caused by defective discoidin domain structure, subunit assembly, and endoplasmic reticulum processing of retinoschisin PMID: 12746437
  36. analysis of folding of mutant RS1 protein PMID: 12782284
  37. Each family had a different mutation, Trp96stop, 522+1g-->a, and Lys167Asn in the XLRS1 gene. PMID: 12920343
  38. four base pair deletion (375- 378 del AGAT) in exon 5 of the XLRS1 gene was found in all affected males. PMID: 12967815
  39. Molecular testing revealed a novel 473-bp deletion including exon 4 in the XLRS1 gene in both siblings. This resulted in a frameshift mutation and a premature termination at codon 78. PMID: 14986011
  40. One patient with more severe clinical presentation had a RS1 exon 1 deletion and a P193S mutation was found in the other patient with mild macular involvement PMID: 15281981
  41. In three patients, we identified three different missense mutations (p.S73P, p.Y89C, p.R209C) in the functionally important discoidin domain of the RS1 gene. PMID: 15531314
  42. assembly of RS1 into a disulfide-linked homo-octamer appears to be critical for its function as a retinal cell adhesion protein PMID: 15644328
  43. A novel Leu103Phe mutation is an additional missense mutation which is responsible for the pathogenesis of X-linked retinoschisis. PMID: 16768192
  44. We identified a novel point mutation (1A>T transversion) in the initiation codon of the XLRS1 gene in affected males PMID: 17031297
  45. Retinoschisin protein(RS) is expressed in the pinealocytes but not in interstitial glial cells. The lack of structural abnormalities in the RS1(-/Y) mice suggests that RS serves a different function in the pineal gland than in the retina. PMID: 17093404
  46. Review. Many mutations have been found in RS1, which encodes a 224-AA secreting retinal protein, retinoschisin. Retinoschisin octamerisation is implicated in cell-cell interactions & cell adhesion perhaps by interacting with beta2 laminin. PMID: 17172462
  47. We describe a novel nonsense mutation in the conserved region of Rs1 in a Japanese XLRS family. PMID: 17295148
  48. Multiple fine white dots at the macula may be the initial fundus feature in RS1 mutation. PMID: 17296904
  49. Mutations in RS1 to be associated with XLRS in the Indian population. PMID: 17515881
  50. Severe X linked juvenile retinoschisis phenotypes are associated with the frameshift mutation 26 del T, splice donor site mutation (IVS1+2T to C), and Arg102Gln, Asp145His, Arg209His, and Arg213Gln mutations. PMID: 17615541

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Involvement in disease
Retinoschisis juvenile X-linked 1 (XLRS1)
Subcellular Location
Secreted. Cell membrane; Peripheral membrane protein; Extracellular side.
Tissue Specificity
Restricted to the retina (at protein level). Detected in the inner segment of the photoreceptors, the inner nuclear layer, the inner plexiform layer and the ganglion cell layer (at protein level). At the macula, expressed in both the outer and inner nucle
Database Links

HGNC: 10457

OMIM: 300839

KEGG: hsa:6247

STRING: 9606.ENSP00000369320

UniGene: Hs.715725

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