Recombinant Human Medium-chain specific acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, mitochondrial (ACADM)

Code CSB-EP001126HU
Size US$306
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  • (Tris-Glycine gel) Discontinuous SDS-PAGE (reduced) with 5% enrichment gel and 15% separation gel.
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Product Details

Greater than 90% as determined by SDS-PAGE.
Target Names
Uniprot No.
Research Area
Alternative Names
ACAD 1; ACAD1; Acadm; ACADM_HUMAN; Acyl coenzyme A dehydrogenase; Acyl coenzyme A dehydrogenase C 4 to C 12 straight chain; FLJ18227; FLJ93013; FLJ99884; MCAD; MCADH; Medium chain acyl CoA dehydrogenase; Medium chain fatty acyl CoA dehydrogenase ; Medium chain specific acyl CoA dehydrogenase; Medium chain specific acyl CoA dehydrogenase mitochondrial; Medium-chain specific acyl-CoA dehydrogenase; mitochondrial
Homo sapiens (Human)
Expression Region
Target Protein Sequence
Note: The complete sequence including tag sequence, target protein sequence and linker sequence could be provided upon request.
Mol. Weight
Protein Length
Full Length of Mature Protein
Tag Info
N-terminal 6xHis-tagged
Liquid or Lyophilized powder
Note: We will preferentially ship the format that we have in stock, however, if you have any special requirement for the format, please remark your requirement when placing the order, we will prepare according to your demand.
If the delivery form is liquid, the default storage buffer is Tris/PBS-based buffer, 5%-50% glycerol.
Note: If you have any special requirement for the glycerol content, please remark when you place the order.
If the delivery form is lyophilized powder, the buffer before lyophilization is Tris/PBS-based buffer, 6% Trehalose, pH 8.0.
We recommend that this vial be briefly centrifuged prior to opening to bring the contents to the bottom. Please reconstitute protein in deionized sterile water to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/mL.We recommend to add 5-50% of glycerol (final concentration) and aliquot for long-term storage at -20°C/-80°C. Our default final concentration of glycerol is 50%. Customers could use it as reference.
Troubleshooting and FAQs
Storage Condition
Store at -20°C/-80°C upon receipt, aliquoting is necessary for mutiple use. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Shelf Life
The shelf life is related to many factors, storage state, buffer ingredients, storage temperature and the stability of the protein itself.
Generally, the shelf life of liquid form is 6 months at -20°C/-80°C. The shelf life of lyophilized form is 12 months at -20°C/-80°C.
Lead Time
Delivery time may differ from different purchasing way or location, please kindly consult your local distributors for specific delivery time.
Repeated freezing and thawing is not recommended. Store working aliquots at 4°C for up to one week.
Datasheet & COA
Please contact us to get it.

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Target Background

Medium-chain specific acyl-CoA dehydrogenase is one of the acyl-CoA dehydrogenases that catalyze the first step of mitochondrial fatty acid beta-oxidation, an aerobic process breaking down fatty acids into acetyl-CoA and allowing the production of energy from fats. The first step of fatty acid beta-oxidation consists in the removal of one hydrogen from C-2 and C-3 of the straight-chain fatty acyl-CoA thioester, resulting in the formation of trans-2-enoyl-CoA. Electron transfer flavoprotein (ETF) is the electron acceptor that transfers electrons to the main mitochondrial respiratory chain via ETF-ubiquinone oxidoreductase (ETF dehydrogenase). Among the different mitochondrial acyl-CoA dehydrogenases, medium-chain specific acyl-CoA dehydrogenase acts specifically on acyl-CoAs with saturated 6 to 12 carbons long primary chains.
Gene References into Functions
  1. Our study has revealed the unique genetic backgrounds of MCAD deficiency among Japanese, based on the largest series of non-Caucasian cases. PMID: 27856190
  2. 17 VUS (37%; 7 in ACADM, 9 in GALT, and 1 in PAH) were reclassified from uncertain (6 to benign or likely benign and 11 to pathogenic or likely pathogenic). We identified common types of missing information that would have helped make a definitive classification and categorized this information by ease and cost to obtain PMID: 27308838
  3. Subjects with neonatal symptoms, or neonatal abnormal labs, or neonatal triggers were more likely to have at least one copy of the severe c.985A>G ACADM gene mutation PMID: 27477829
  4. Exclusively breastfed neonates with MCAD are at risk for early metabolic decompensation. As breastfeeding rates increase, close management of feeding difficulties is essential for all neonates awaiting newborn screening results PMID: 27148938
  5. The in silico structural changes in medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (hMCAD) p.K329E variant protein affect the disturbed oligomeric profile, thermal stability, and conformational flexibility, with respect to the wild-type. PMID: 27976856
  6. LCHAD and MCAD are differentially expressed in maternal and fetal tissues during normal late pregnancy, which may represent a metabolic adaptation in response to physiological maternal dyslipidemia during late pregnancy. PMID: 27871288
  7. Study determined three mutations (p.R53C, p.R281S and p.G362E) in MCAD protein predisposing for MCAD deficiency which seems to be unique to Japanese population. PMID: 26947917
  8. our study demonstrates that not all mutations identified in children with abnormal NBS profiles suggestive of MCAD deficiency result in a total loss in MCAD activity and function PMID: 24966162
  9. The c.600-18G > A variant activates a cryptic splice site, which competes with the natural splice site. PMID: 26223887
  10. mutations in the ACADM gene lower the temperature threshold at which medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency loss-of-function occurs. PMID: 24718418
  11. Segregation studies in the Gypsy families showed that 93/123 relatives were carriers of the acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase G985 allele, suggesting its high prevalence in this ethnic group. PMID: 23829193
  12. Identify an ACADM founder mutation for MCADD in Saudi Arabian population. PMID: 20567907
  13. This supports that c.1161A>G is a functional SNP, which leads to higher MCAD expression, perhaps due to improved splicing. This study is a proof of principle that synonymous SNPs are not neutral. PMID: 23810226
  14. medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase involve in the metabolism of phenylbutyrate. PMID: 23141465
  15. Subjects with variant ACADM genotypes and residual MCAD enzyme activities <10% should be considered to have the same risks as patients with classical ACADM genotypes PMID: 22630369
  16. The octanoyl-CoA oxidation rate, therefore, allows a risk assessment at birth and the identification of new ACADM genotypes associated with asymptomatic disease variants. PMID: 23028790
  17. A novel variant in the Medium-Chain Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase (MCAD) gene was identified in a Greek cohort of neonates with suspected MCAD deficiency. PMID: 22683754
  18. physiological concentrations of flavin adenine dinucleotide resulted in a spectacular enhancement of the thermal stabilities of MCADH and prevented enzymatic activity loss PMID: 21968293
  19. The mutation in Medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency is the first report of the c.461T>G mutation in the acyl-CoA dehydrogenase gene. PMID: 21239873
  20. classification of genotypes with at least one variant of unknown significance in individuals who are carriers of, or affected with, MCAD deficiency of the following genotypes: c.985A>G/wildtype, c.199T>C/c.985A>G and c.985A>G/c.985A>G PMID: 20434380
  21. MCAD is induced by PGC-1 in an ERRalpha-dependent manner PMID: 12522104
  22. Interference between PPARA and ERRalpha and RXRA complex heterodimer and the nuclear receptor site of MCAD PMID: 12914524
  23. single arginine residue is essential for the binding of electron transferring flavoprotein to MCAD, but the single histidine residue, although involved, is not PMID: 14692513
  24. first molecular identification of MCADD in an Arab patient and the first reported splice mutation in the MCAD gene that has been functionally characterized PMID: 15171999
  25. Two novel rare mutations, R256T and K364R, have been investigated to assess how far the biochemical properties of the mutant proteins correlate with the clinical phenotype of medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency. PMID: 16128823
  26. analysis of MCAD deficiency (homozygous at c.985A>G (K329E)) complicated by acute liver failure in pregnancy [case report] PMID: 17186412
  27. Measurement of MCAD activity in leukocytes or lymphocytes using phenylpropionyl-CoA as a substrate can be regarded as the gold standard to diagnose MCAD deficiency upon initial positive screening test results. PMID: 18188679
  28. Six novel and seven previously reported medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase mutations were detected in newborns with medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency. PMID: 18241067
  29. Ethnic-specific homozygous adenin/guanine substitution in an ACADM birth prevalence from a large-scale United Kingdom newborn screening study. PMID: 18927092
  30. study indicates that c.449-452delCTGA represents a common mutation in Japanese patients with medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MCADD) PMID: 19064330
  31. Protein misfolding of MCAD protein is the molecular basis in medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency. PMID: 19224950
  32. In the medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, the 985G mutant and 985A normal alleles had allelic frequencies of 0.0020 and 0.9980, respectively. PMID: 19551636
  33. Meta-analysis and HuGE review of genotype prevalence, gene-disease association, gene-gene interaction, and healthcare-related. (HuGE Navigator) PMID: 11263545

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Involvement in disease
Acyl-CoA dehydrogenase medium-chain deficiency (ACADMD)
Subcellular Location
Mitochondrion matrix.
Protein Families
Acyl-CoA dehydrogenase family
Database Links

HGNC: 89

OMIM: 201450

KEGG: hsa:34

STRING: 9606.ENSP00000409612

UniGene: Hs.445040

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