Human Estradiol receptor,ER ELISA Kit

Instructions
Code CSB-E08652h
Size 96T,5×96T,10×96T
Trial Size 24T ELISA kits trial application
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Product Details

Target Name estrogen receptor 1
Alternative Names 7*/654 isoform ELISA Kit; 7*/819 2 isoform ELISA Kit; 7*/822 isoform ELISA Kit; 8*/901 isoform ELISA Kit; 8*/941 isoform ELISA Kit; DKFZp686N23123 ELISA Kit; ER alpha ELISA Kit; ER ELISA Kit; ER-alpha ELISA Kit; Era ELISA Kit; ESR ELISA Kit; ESR1 ELISA Kit; ESR1_HUMAN ELISA Kit; ESRA ELISA Kit; Estradiol receptor ELISA Kit; Estrogen nuclear receptor alpha ELISA Kit; Estrogen receptor 1 ELISA Kit; Estrogen receptor alpha 3*,4,5,6,7*/822 isoform ELISA Kit; Estrogen receptor alpha ELISA Kit; Estrogen receptor alpha delta 3*,4,5,6,7*,8*/941 isoform ELISA Kit; Estrogen receptor alpha delta 3*,4,5,6,7*/819 2 isoform ELISA Kit; Estrogen receptor alpha delta 4 +49 isoform ELISA Kit; Estrogen receptor alpha delta 4*,5,6,7*/654 isoform ELISA Kit; Estrogen receptor alpha delta 4*,5,6,7,8*/901 isoform ELISA Kit; Estrogen receptor alpha E1 E2 1 2 ELISA Kit; Estrogen receptor alpha E1 N2 E2 1 2 ELISA Kit; Estrogen receptor ELISA Kit; ESTRR ELISA Kit; NR3A1 ELISA Kit; Nuclear receptor subfamily 3 group A member 1 ELISA Kit
Abbreviation ESR1
Uniprot No. P03372
Species Homo sapiens (Human)
Sample Types serum, plasma, tissue homogenates, cell lysates
Detection Range 3.12 pg/mL-200 pg/mL
Sensitivity 0.78 pg/mL
Assay Time 1-5h
Sample Volume 50-100ul
Detection Wavelength 450 nm
Research Area Epigenetics and Nuclear Signaling
Assay Principle quantitative
Measurement Sandwich
Precision
Intra-assay Precision (Precision within an assay): CV%<8%        
Three samples of known concentration were tested twenty times on one plate to assess.    
Inter-assay Precision (Precision between assays): CV%<10%        
Three samples of known concentration were tested in twenty assays to assess.      
               
Linearity
To assess the linearity of the assay, samples were spiked with high concentrations of human ER in various matrices and diluted with the Sample Diluent to produce samples with values within the dynamic range of the assay.  
  Sample Serum(n=4)    
1:1 Average % 92    
Range % 88-95    
1:2 Average % 95    
Range % 90-100    
1:4 Average % 96    
Range % 90-102    
1:8 Average % 101    
Range % 96-106    
Recovery
The recovery of human ER spiked to levels throughout the range of the assay in various matrices was evaluated. Samples were diluted prior to assay as directed in the Sample Preparation section.  
 
Sample Type Average % Recovery Range    
Serum (n=5) 90 87-95    
EDTA plasma (n=4) 95 90-100    
               
               
Typical Data
These standard curves are provided for demonstration only. A standard curve should be generated for each set of samples assayed.  
 
pg/ml OD1 OD2 Average Corrected    
200 2.634 2.647 2.641 2.451    
100 1.935 1.877 1.906 1.716    
50 1.142 1.236 1.189 0.999    
25 0.736 0.787 0.762 0.572    
12.5 0.447 0.454 0.451 0.261    
6.25 0.311 0.325 0.318 0.128    
3.12 0.240 0.251 0.246 0.056    
0 0.189 0.191 0.190      
    .          
Troubleshooting
and FAQs
ELISA kit FAQs
Storage Store at 2-8°C. Please refer to protocol.
Lead Time 3-5 working days

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Target Background

Function
(From Uniprot)
Nuclear hormone receptor. The steroid hormones and their receptors are involved in the regulation of eukaryotic gene expression and affect cellular proliferation and differentiation in target tissues. Ligand-dependent nuclear transactivation involves either direct homodimer binding to a palindromic estrogen response element (ERE) sequence or association with other DNA-binding transcription factors, such as AP-1/c-Jun, c-Fos, ATF-2, Sp1 and Sp3, to mediate ERE-independent signaling. Ligand binding induces a conformational change allowing subsequent or combinatorial association with multiprotein coactivator complexes through LXXLL motifs of their respective components. Mutual transrepression occurs between the estrogen receptor (ER) and NF-kappa-B in a cell-type specific manner. Decreases NF-kappa-B DNA-binding activity and inhibits NF-kappa-B-mediated transcription from the IL6 promoter and displace RELA/p65 and associated coregulators from the promoter. Recruited to the NF-kappa-B response element of the CCL2 and IL8 promoters and can displace CREBBP. Present with NF-kappa-B components RELA/p65 and NFKB1/p50 on ERE sequences. Can also act synergistically with NF-kappa-B to activate transcription involving respective recruitment adjacent response elements; the function involves CREBBP. Can activate the transcriptional activity of TFF1. Also mediates membrane-initiated estrogen signaling involving various kinase cascades. Essential for MTA1-mediated transcriptional regulation of BRCA1 and BCAS3.; Involved in activation of NOS3 and endothelial nitric oxide production. Isoforms lacking one or several functional domains are thought to modulate transcriptional activity by competitive ligand or DNA binding and/or heterodimerization with the full-length receptor. Binds to ERE and inhibits isoform 1.
Gene References into Functions
  1. Estrogen-induced miR-191 was identified as a direct upstream regulator of DAB2 in ER-positive breast cancer cells. PMID: 29247596
  2. the whole-genome insights carried in this work can help fully understanding biological roles of ER1 in breast cancer. PMID: 30301189
  3. there was a relationship between rs2046210 and rs3803662, and the risk of developing this disease in Vietnamese women. The A allele is the risk allele for both rs2046210 (OR [95% CI] = 1.43 [1.14 - 1.78], P = 0.0015) and rs3803662 (OR [95% CI] = 1.45 [1.16 - 1.83], P = 0.001). We conclude that two polymorphisms, rs2046210 in ESR1 and rs3803662 in TNRC9, are associated with breast cancer risk in the Vietnamese population. PMID: 30078824
  4. that Oestrogen receptor alpha can enhance the odonto/osteogenic differentiation of stem cells from apical papilla via ERK and JNK MAPK pathways PMID: 30069950
  5. No association between polymorphisms in genes encoding estrogen receptors (ESR1 and ESR2) and excreted BPA levels was found in orthodontic patients after bracket bonding. PMID: 29961922
  6. Analysis of the genome-wide ER binding sites identified mutant ER unique recruitment mediating the allele-specific transcriptional program PMID: 29438694
  7. study describes RNF8 as a co-activator of ERalpha increases ERalpha stability via post-transcriptional pathway, and provides a new insight into mechanisms for RNF8 to promote cell growth of ERalpha-positive breast cancer. PMID: 28216286
  8. Reduced expression of ERbeta1 in female ERalpha-negative papillary thyroid carcinoma patients is associated with greater progression of the disease. PMID: 29655286
  9. heterogeneous distribution in deep infiltrating endometriosis PMID: 29383962
  10. ER-alpha36/EGFR signaling loop promotes growth of hepatocellular carcinoma cells PMID: 29481815
  11. This study aimed to determine the presence and localization of oestrogen receptors (ERs), progesterone receptors (PRs), and androgen receptors (ARs) in both healthy and varicose vein wall cells and their relationship with gender. PMID: 30250632
  12. Estrogen receptor-alpha was expressed only in women and showed a positive correlation with the amount of fungi in oral paracoccidioidomycosis, while progesterone receptor was observed in both genders and exhibited no correlation with estrogen receptor-alpha or fungi counting. PMID: 29796757
  13. ERalpha upregulates vinculin expression in breast cancer cells; Loss of vinculin promotes amoeboid features of cancer cells PMID: 28266545
  14. polymorphisms do not predict in vitro fertilization outcome PMID: 29916276
  15. High ESR1 expression is associated with metastasis in breast Cancer. PMID: 29187405
  16. The G/G XbaI genotype of ESR1 gene is associated with breast cancer risk. PMID: 29893332
  17. miR-221 may impair the protective effect of estrogen in degenerated cartilaginous endplate cells through targeting estrogen receptor alpha PMID: 29529124
  18. Results showed that NAT1 and ESR1 expression were increased in primary breast tumor samples compared with normal breast tissue samples, and in ER+ primary breast tumors compared with ER- tumors. Also, NAT1 and ESR1 expression seems to have overlapping regulation. PMID: 29901116
  19. all the patients without these mutations by molecular barcode next-generation sequencing (MB-NGS) were found to have no mutations by ddPCR. In conclusion, MB-NGS could successfully detect ESR1 mutations in cfDNA with a higher sensitivity of 0.1% than conventional NGS and was considered as clinically useful as ddPCR PMID: 28905136
  20. In summary, an association between the presence of the particular genotypes at the three ESR1 polymorphisms (rs2234693, rs6902771, rs7774230) and one ESR2 polymorphism (rs3020449), and the presence of metabolic syndrome in postmenopausal women was found. PMID: 30049354
  21. higher frequency of ESR1 and PIK3CA mutations in the plasma than in the serum in 33 MBC patients; therefore, serum samples should not be considered the preferred source of cfDNA. PMID: 29689710
  22. These results suggest that miR-125a-3p can function as a novel tumor suppressor in ER(+) breast cancer by targeting CDK3, which may be a potential therapeutic approach for TamR breast cancer therapy PMID: 28939591
  23. A major finding of our study is that one out of five (20%) patients with breast cancer BM had a receptor discrepancy between the primary tumor and the subsequent BM, with loss of hormone receptors (ER and/or PR) expression, and gain of HER2 overexpression as the most commonly observed changes PMID: 28975433
  24. Here the authors report a nodal role of IGF-IR in the regulation of ERalpha-positive breast cancer cell aggressiveness and the regulation of expression levels of several extracellular matrix molecules. PMID: 28079144
  25. The associations between PvuII (T>C) and XbaI (A>G) polymorphisms of estrogen receptor alpha (ESR1) gene with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) or metabolic syndrome (MetS), are reported. PMID: 29883973
  26. The ERalpha gene seems to play a key role in stress urinary incontinence in the premenopausal period. PMID: 29769420
  27. Study reports the first discovery of naturally occurring ESR1 (Y537C) and ESR1 (Y537S) mutations in MCF7 and SUM44 ESR1-positive cell lines after acquisition of resistance to long-term-estrogen-deprivation (LTED) and subsequent resistance to fulvestrant (ICIR). Mutations were enriched with time, impacted on ESR1 binding to the genome and altered the ESR1 interactome. PMID: 29192207
  28. Concomitant high expression of ERalpha36, GRP78 and GRP94 is associated with aggressive papillary thyroid cancer behavior and may be used as a predictor for extrathyroid extension, lymph node metastasis, and distant metastasis. PMID: 29368272
  29. Estrogen receptor-1 is a key regulator of HIV-1 latency that imparts gender-specific restrictions on the latent reservoir. PMID: 30061382
  30. Down-regulation of ESR1 gene expression was enhanced by the development of the breast cancer. PMID: 29543921
  31. The aim of the present study was to assess whether fibrosis markers, estrogen receptor (ER)alpha and the stromal derived factor (SDF)1/CXC chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) axis are abnormally expressed in Intrauterine adhesions endometrium. PMID: 29568895
  32. The frequency of alleles and genotypes of polymorphisms FSHR(-29G/A) and ESRI (XbaI A/G) in women with normal to poor response did not have significant correlation. PMID: 29526845
  33. Each estrogen receptor alpha and estrogen receptor beta gene polymorphism might have different impact on postmenopausal osteoporosis risk and bone mineral density in various ethnicities. PMID: 29458346
  34. The results suggest that minor allele A of ESR1 gene is associated with the development of arterial hypertension in men. PMID: 29658078
  35. Study found that tamoxifen treatment induced a decrease in PRMT2 and an increase in ER-alpha36 as well as ER-alpha36-mediated non-genomic effect in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell line. PMID: 29620287
  36. ESR1 mutations are not associated with clinical resistance to fulvestrant in breast cancer patients. PMID: 27174596
  37. verexpression of COPS5, through its isopeptidase activity, leads to ubiquitination and proteasome-mediated degradation of NCoR, a key corepressor for ERalpha and tamoxifen-mediated suppression of ERalpha target genes. PMID: 27375289
  38. ESR alpha PvuII and XbaI polymorphisms have no association with ; systemic lupus erythematosus. The combination of the TC/AA and CC/GG genotypes were associated with SLE susceptibility. PMID: 29356461
  39. Estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) expression in endometrial carcinoma (EC) were significantly higher than those in the paracarcinoma tissue and control. PMID: 29081408
  40. ESR1 promoter methylation was an independent risk factor and had a high value to predict 28-day mortality from acute-on-chronic hepatitis B liver failure PMID: 29082740
  41. by analyzing different estrogen receptor-alpha(ER-a)-positive and ER-a-negative breast cancer cell lines, we defined the role of CCN5 in the leptin-mediated regulation of growth and invasive capacity. PMID: 29370782
  42. This study identified ESR1 as a direct target of miR-301a-3p. PMID: 29763890
  43. Authors report for the first time the presence of ESR1 methylation in plasma ctDNA of patients with HGSC. The agreement between ESR1 methylation in primary tumors and paired ctDNA is statistically significant. PMID: 29807696
  44. this study reports the development of a novel class of ERa AF2 inhibitors, which have the potential to effectively inhibit ERa activity by a unique mechanism and to circumvent the issue of mutation-driven resistance in breast cancer PMID: 29462880
  45. the P2X7R rs3751143 and ER-alpha PvuII two-locus interaction confers a significantly high susceptibility to osteoporosis in Chinese postmenopausal women. PMID: 28884379
  46. Alcohol consumption may have differential effects on concordant and discordant receptor subtypes of breast cancer. PMID: 29353824
  47. ERalpha and ERbeta mRNA expression was significantly higher (p < 0.05) in tumour tissues relative to their paired normal mucosa and correlated inversely with survival outcome PMID: 29390981
  48. High ESR1 expression is associated with Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma. PMID: 28124274
  49. Oral administration of RAD140 substantially inhibited the growth of AR/ER(+) breast cancer patient-derived xenografts (PDX). Activation of AR and suppression of ER pathway, including the ESR1 gene, were seen with RAD140 treatment. PMID: 28974548
  50. Polymorphism in the ERalpha gene is associated with an increased risk for advanced Pelvic Organ Prolapse. However, polymorphism in the LAMC1 gene does not seem to be associated with such risk. PMID: 29241914

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Involvement in disease Estrogen resistance (ESTRR)
Subcellular Location [Isoform 1]: Nucleus. Cytoplasm. Cell membrane; Peripheral membrane protein; Cytoplasmic side.; Nucleus. Golgi apparatus. Cell membrane. Note=Colocalizes with ZDHHC7 and ZDHHC21 in the Golgi apparatus where most probably palmitoylation occurs. Associated with the plasma membrane when palmitoylated.
Protein Families Nuclear hormone receptor family, NR3 subfamily
Tissue Specificity Widely expressed. Not expressed in the pituitary gland.; [Isoform 3]: Widely expressed, however not expressed in the pituitary gland.
Database Links

HGNC: 3467

OMIM: 133430

KEGG: hsa:2099

STRING: 9606.ENSP00000206249

UniGene: Hs.208124

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