Recombinant Human Ubiquitin-like protein ATG12(ATG12)

Code CSB-YP002283HU
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Source Yeast
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Code CSB-EP002283HU
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Source E.coli
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Code CSB-EP002283HU-B
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Source E.coli
Conjugate Avi-tag Biotinylated
E. coli biotin ligase (BirA) is highly specific in covalently attaching biotin to the 15 amino acid AviTag peptide. This recombinant protein was biotinylated in vivo by AviTag-BirA technology, which method is BriA catalyzes amide linkage between the biotin and the specific lysine of the AviTag.
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Code CSB-BP002283HU
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Source Baculovirus
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Code CSB-MP002283HU
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Source Mammalian cell
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Product Details

Purity >85% (SDS-PAGE)
Target Names ATG12
Uniprot No. O94817
Alternative Names Apg12; APG12-like; APG12L; ATG12; ATG12 autophagy related 12 homolog (S. cerevisiae); ATG12 autophagy related 12 homolog; ATG12_HUMAN; Autophagy 12; Autophagy-related protein 12; FBR93; HAPG12; Ubiquitin-like protein ATG12
Species Homo sapiens (Human)
Expression Region 1-140
Target Protein Sequence MAEEPQSVLQ LPTSIAAGGE GLTDVSPETT TPEPPSSAAV SPGTEEPAGD TKKKIDILLK AVGDTPIMKT KKWAVERTRT IQGLIDFIKK FLKLVASEQL FIYVNQSFAP SPDQEVGTLY ECFGSDGKLV LHYCKSQAWG
Protein Length Full length protein
Tag Info The following tags are available.
N-terminal His-tagged
Tag-Free
The tag type will be determined during production process. If you have specified tag type, please tell us and we will develop the specified tag preferentially.
Form Lyophilized powder
Buffer before Lyophilization Tris/PBS-based buffer, 6% Trehalose, pH 8.0
Reconstitution We recommend that this vial be briefly centrifuged prior to opening to bring the contents to the bottom. Please reconstitute protein in deionized sterile water to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/mL.We recommend to add 5-50% of glycerol (final concentration) and aliquot for long-term storage at -20℃/-80℃. Our default final concentration of glycerol is 50%. Customers could use it as reference.
Troubleshooting
and FAQs
Protein FAQs
Storage Condition Store at -20°C upon receipt, aliquoting is necessary for mutiple use. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Shelf Life The shelf life is related to many factors, storage state, buffer ingredients, storage temperature and the stability of the protein itself.
Generally, the shelf life of liquid form is 6 months at -20°C/-80°C. The shelf life of lyophilized form is 12 months at -20°C/-80°C.
Lead Time Delivery time may differ from different purchasing way or location, please kindly consult your local distributors for specific delivery time.
Note: All of our proteins are default shipped with normal blue ice packs, if you request to ship with dry ice, please communicate with us in advance and extra fees will be charged.
Notes Repeated freezing and thawing is not recommended. Store working aliquots at 4°C for up to one week.
Datasheet Please contact us to get it.

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Target Background

Function
(From Uniprot)
Ubiquitin-like protein involved in autophagy vesicles formation. Conjugation with ATG5 through a ubiquitin-like conjugating system involving also ATG7 as an E1-like activating enzyme and ATG10 as an E2-like conjugating enzyme, is essential for its function. The ATG12-ATG5 conjugate acts as an E3-like enzyme which is required for lipidation of ATG8 family proteins and their association to the vesicle membranes.
Gene References into Functions
  1. miR-23a downregulation modulates the inflammatory response by targeting ATG12-mediated autophagy. PMID: 29845275
  2. the role of the autophagy elongation complex (ATG5-12/16L1) in Hepatitis C virus replication and membranous web formation, was examined. PMID: 28067309
  3. Ambra1 plays an important role in regulating the sensitivity of breast cancer cells to epirubicin. Regulatory effect of Ambra1 on epirubicin sensitivity is achieved through the regulation of autophagy by targeting ATG12. PMID: 30027574
  4. The finding that miR378 targets ATG12 indicated that miR378 may have a potential role in autophagy. These findings may provide novel insights into the mechanism of metastasis in cervical cancer and a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of cervical cancer. PMID: 29488616
  5. Results show that ATG12 is a downstream effector in MALAT1-mediated autophagy in gastric cancer cells. PMID: 29162158
  6. HBV gained access to Atg5-12/16L1 via interaction of its core protein with the Atg12 moiety of the complex. In contrast, subsequent autophagosome maturation and closure events were unnecessary for HBV replication, as evidenced by inhibition of Atg8/LC3 conjugation. Interfering with the HBV/Atg12 cross talk may be a tool for virus control. PMID: 29367244
  7. transcriptional activity of ATG12 gene promoter was not significantly affected by other two DNA sequence variants identified in Parkinson's disease patient PMID: 28229934
  8. STAT3 and ATG12 are targets of miR-454-3p. PMID: 28182000
  9. above findings suggest that ATG5-ATG12 positively regulate anti-viral NF-kappaB and IRF3 signaling during FMDV infection, thereby limiting FMDV proliferation. FMDV has evolved mechanisms to counteract the antiviral function of ATG5-ATG12, via degradation of them by viral protein 3C(pro). PMID: 28102839
  10. rs26538 was relevant to the lower risk of coal workers' pneumoconiosis and conferred to reduce the transcription activity of ATG12's promoter. PMID: 28844669
  11. ATG5-ATG12 is increased in hepatitis B virus-associated hepatocellular carcinoma and has a role in apoptosis PMID: 27729742
  12. Analysis of hepatitis B virus capsid maturation steps revealed that Rab33B and Atg5/12/16L1 are required for proper particle assembly and/or stability. PMID: 25439980
  13. reveal a novel interconnection between autophagy, proteasome activity, and cell death mediated by the ubiquitin-like properties of ATG12 PMID: 25629932
  14. The results revealed that the expression of Atg12 and LC3 II/LC3 I in the chondrocytes treated with TXC increased, compared to that in the untreated chondrocytes PMID: 24899049
  15. Cav-1 competitively interacts with the ATG12-ATG5 system to suppress the formation and function of the latter in lung epithelial cells. PMID: 24727585
  16. ATG12 is a novel determinant of breast cancer primary resistance to HER1/2-targeted therapeutics. PMID: 23307622
  17. study to identify role of conjugation between ATG12 and ATG5 in LC3 lipidation; structural and mutational analyses of ATG12~ATG5-ATG16N revealed the conjugation generates a patch across ATG12 and ATG5 required for E3 activity PMID: 23202584
  18. These data relate LC3B, ATG5 and ATG12 to mitochondrial quality control after oxidative damage, and to cellular longevity. PMID: 22170153
  19. The Atg12 is as a positive mediator of mitochondrial apoptosis and show that Atg12 directly regulates the apoptotic pathway by binding and inactivating prosurvival Bcl-2 family members, including Bcl-2 and Mcl-1. PMID: 22152474
  20. Calpain1 plays an important role in controlling the levels of autophagy in normal living cells by regulating the levels of a key signaling molecule, ATG12-ATG5 conjugate. PMID: 19901552
  21. Human Apg3p/Aut1p homologue is an authentic E2 enzyme for multiple substrates, GATE-16, GABARAP, and MAP-LC3, and facilitates the conjugation of hApg12p to hApg5p PMID: 11825910
  22. Apg12p, but not the Apg12p.Apg5p conjugate, facilitates LC3 processing PMID: 12207896
  23. Mitochondrial DNA deletions and chloramphenicol treatment stimulate APG12. PMID: 17457038
  24. Knockdown of p300 reduces acetylation of Atg5, Atg7, Atg8, and Atg12, although overexpressed p300 increases the acetylation of these same proteins. PMID: 19124466

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Subcellular Location Cytoplasm, Preautophagosomal structure membrane, Peripheral membrane protein
Protein Families ATG12 family
Tissue Specificity Ubiquitous.
Database Links

HGNC: 588

OMIM: 609608

KEGG: hsa:9140

STRING: 9606.ENSP00000425107

UniGene: Hs.264482

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