||Function as an activating and costimulatory receptor involved in immunosurveillance upon binding to various cellular stress-inducible ligands displayed at the surface of autologous tumor cells and virus-infected cells. Provides both stimulatory and costimulatory innate immune responses on activated killer (NK) cells, leading to cytotoxic activity. Acts as a costimulatory receptor for T-cell receptor (TCR) in CD8(+) T-cell-mediated adaptive immune responses by amplifying T-cell activation. Stimulates perforin-mediated elimination of ligand-expressing tumor cells. Signaling involves calcium influx, culminating in the expression of TNF-alpha. Participates in NK cell-mediated bone marrow graft rejection. May play a regulatory role in differentiation and survival of NK cells. Binds to ligands belonging to various subfamilies of MHC class I-related glycoproteins including RAET1A, RAET1B, RAET1C, RAET1D, RAET1E, H60 and MULT1.
|Involvement in disease
||Involved in autoreactive CD8(+) T-cell-mediated development of autoimmune diabetes.
||Cell membrane, Single-pass type II membrane protein
||Expressed in natural killer (NK) cells, activated CD8(+) alpha-beta and gamma-delta T-cells and natural killer T (NKT) cells (at protein level). May be expressed on dendritic cell (DC). Isoform 1 is strongly expressed in natural killer (NK) cells. Isoform