Recombinant Rat Gremlin-1(Grem1)

In Stock
Code CSB-MP009892RA
Size US$1848
  • (Tris-Glycine gel) Discontinuous SDS-PAGE (reduced) with 5% enrichment gel and 15% separation gel.

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Product Details

Purity Greater than 85% as determined by SDS-PAGE.
Target Names Grem1
Uniprot No. O35793
Research Area Cardiovascular
Alternative Names
Grem1; Cktsf1b1; Drm; Gremlin-1; Cysteine knot superfamily 1; BMP antagonist 1; Down-regulated in Mos-transformed cells protein
Species Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Source Mammalian cell
Expression Region 25-184aa
Note: The complete sequence including tag sequence, target protein sequence and linker sequence could be provided upon request.
Mol. Weight 22.2 kDa
Protein Length Full Length of Mature Protein
Tag Info N-terminal 10xHis-tagged and C-terminal Myc-tagged
Form Liquid or Lyophilized powder
Note: We will preferentially ship the format that we have in stock, however, if you have any special requirement for the format, please remark your requirement when placing the order, we will prepare according to your demand.
Buffer If the delivery form is liquid, the default storage buffer is Tris/PBS-based buffer, 5%-50% glycerol.
Note: If you have any special requirement for the glycerol content, please remark when you place the order.
If the delivery form is lyophilized powder, the buffer before lyophilization is Tris/PBS-based buffer, 6% Trehalose, pH 8.0.
Reconstitution We recommend that this vial be briefly centrifuged prior to opening to bring the contents to the bottom. Please reconstitute protein in deionized sterile water to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/mL.We recommend to add 5-50% of glycerol (final concentration) and aliquot for long-term storage at -20°C/-80°C. Our default final concentration of glycerol is 50%. Customers could use it as reference.
and FAQs
Protein FAQs
Storage Condition Store at -20°C/-80°C upon receipt, aliquoting is necessary for mutiple use. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Shelf Life The shelf life is related to many factors, storage state, buffer ingredients, storage temperature and the stability of the protein itself.
Generally, the shelf life of liquid form is 6 months at -20°C/-80°C. The shelf life of lyophilized form is 12 months at -20°C/-80°C.
Lead Time 3-7 business days
Notes Repeated freezing and thawing is not recommended. Store working aliquots at 4°C for up to one week.
Datasheet & COA Please contact us to get it.

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Target Background

Cytokine that may play an important role during carcinogenesis and metanephric kidney organogenesis, as a BMP antagonist required for early limb outgrowth and patterning in maintaining the FGF4-SHH feedback loop. Down-regulates the BMP4 signaling in a dose-dependent manner. Antagonist of BMP2; inhibits BMP2-mediated differentiation of osteoblasts (in vitro). Acts as inhibitor of monocyte chemotaxis. Can inhibit the growth or viability of normal cells but not transformed cells when is overexpressed.
Gene References into Functions
  1. gremlin1 promotes hepatic stellate cell activation and hepatic fibrogenesis through impairment of the balance between transforming growth factor beta and bone morphogenetic protein 7 signaling pathways. PMID: 27863390
  2. The therapeutic mechanism of Danshao Huaxian capsule in hepatic fibrosis may be associated with inhibition of the expression of Gremlin and up-regulation of the expression of BMP-7. PMID: 25356047
  3. GREM1 affects follicle transition in cultured ovaries, but is not normally present in primordial and early-stage developing follicles. PMID: 24614542
  4. Notch pathway gene expression is elevated in diabetic nephropathy, co-incident with Gremlin, and may contribute to the pathogenesis of this dise PMID: 17980714
  5. Gremlin plays a part in the development of pathological phenotypic changes of adult vascular smooth muscle cell. PMID: 18086474
  6. The bone morphogenetic protein antagonist gremlin promotes vascular smooth muscle cell apoptosis. PMID: 19142012

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Subcellular Location Secreted.
Protein Families DAN family
Tissue Specificity Highly expressed in the brain, kidney, spleen, and testis and weakly expressed in the lung and liver. Predominantly expressed in differentiated cells as neurons in brain, type I cells in lung and globlet cells in intestine.
Database Links

KEGG: rno:50566

STRING: 10116.ENSRNOP00000035888

UniGene: Rn.42929

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