Recombinant Human Growth hormone receptor (GHR)

Code CSB-CF009411HU
Size Pls inquire
Source in vitro E.coli expression system
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Product Details

Target Names
Uniprot No.
Alternative Names
GH receptor; GH-binding protein; GHBP; GHBP, included; GHR; GHR_HUMAN; Growth hormone binding protein; Growth hormone receptor; Growth hormone receptor precursor; Growth hormone-binding protein; Growth hormone-binding protein, included; Increased responsiveness to growth hormone, included; Serum binding protein; Serum-binding protein; Somatotropin receptor
Homo sapiens (Human)
Expression Region
Target Protein Sequence
Protein Length
Full Length of Mature Protein
Tag Info
Tag type will be determined during the manufacturing process.
The tag type will be determined during production process. If you have specified tag type, please tell us and we will develop the specified tag preferentially.
Lyophilized powder
Note: We will preferentially ship the format that we have in stock, however, if you have any special requirement for the format, please remark your requirement when placing the order, we will prepare according to your demand.
Buffer before Lyophilization
Tris/PBS-based buffer, 6% Trehalose, pH 8.0
We recommend that this vial be briefly centrifuged prior to opening to bring the contents to the bottom. Please reconstitute protein in deionized sterile water to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/mL.We recommend to add 5-50% of glycerol (final concentration) and aliquot for long-term storage at -20℃/-80℃. Our default final concentration of glycerol is 50%. Customers could use it as reference.
Troubleshooting and FAQs
Storage Condition
Store at -20°C/-80°C upon receipt, aliquoting is necessary for mutiple use. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Shelf Life
The shelf life is related to many factors, storage state, buffer ingredients, storage temperature and the stability of the protein itself.
Generally, the shelf life of liquid form is 6 months at -20°C/-80°C. The shelf life of lyophilized form is 12 months at -20°C/-80°C.
Lead Time
Delivery time may differ from different purchasing way or location, please kindly consult your local distributors for specific delivery time.
Note: All of our proteins are default shipped with normal blue ice packs, if you request to ship with dry ice, please communicate with us in advance and extra fees will be charged.
Repeated freezing and thawing is not recommended. Store working aliquots at 4°C for up to one week.
Please contact us to get it.

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Target Background

Receptor for pituitary gland growth hormone involved in regulating postnatal body growth. On ligand binding, couples to the JAK2/STAT5 pathway.; The soluble form (GHBP) acts as a reservoir of growth hormone in plasma and may be a modulator/inhibitor of GH signaling.; Isoform 2 up-regulates the production of GHBP and acts as a negative inhibitor of GH signaling.
Gene References into Functions
  1. co-administration of Ghr and GH is a promising therapeutic tool for reversing immunosuppression caused by sepsis in the geriatric population. PMID: 28115288
  2. Growth hormone receptor gene polymorphism is associated with scoliosis in Prader-Willi syndrome. PMID: 29273483
  3. Study in lung cancer BEAS-2B cells shows that SOCS2 binding to the growth hormone receptor (GHR) is impaired by a GHR threonine substitution at Pro 495. This results in decreased internalisation and degradation of the receptor. PMID: 28967904
  4. Genotype frequencies of four growth hormone receptor SNPs (rs2972781, rs6451620, rs12518414, and rs7727047) significantly differed between Han and Hani obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) patients groups, indicating ethnic differences. The A allele frequency of the rs12518414 polymorphism and G allele frequency of the rs7727047 were significantly higher in Han OSAS patients compared with Hani patients. PMID: 29651721
  5. Until now, more than 90 GHR mutations relevant to human short stature (Laron syndrome and idiopathic short stature), including deletions, missense, nonsense, frameshift, and splice site mutations, and four GHR defects associated with chicken dwarfism, have been described. PMID: 29748515
  6. GHRH and GHRH-R are expressed in human adipocytes and are negatively associated; GHRH at low doses may exert an anti-obesity effect by inhibiting HMSC differentiation in adipocytes and by increasing adipocyte lipolysis in an autocrine or paracrine pathway; these effects are mediated by GH and GH-R PMID: 28626214
  7. Genetic variations at the human growth hormone receptor gene locus are associated with idiopathic short stature. PMID: 28557176
  8. Short small for gestational age children carrying the d3-GHR polymorphism had increased spontaneous growth, lower Insulin sensitivity and a compensatory increase in glucose, C-peptide and insulin before GH therapy compared to children homozygous for the full-length allele. PMID: 28719834
  9. In a meta-analysis of a combined group of 324 acromegaly patients obtained from 4 separate study cohorts, the presence of 1 or 2 copies of the exon 3 deletion-GHR polymorphism had no significant effect on the lowest insulin-like growth factor I levels during pegvisomant treatment nor on the required pegvisomant dose to achieve these levels. PMID: 27513761
  10. Data suggest that subjects with 6Psi GHR point mutation [intronic GHR pseudoexon mutation 6Psi, base change A(-1) to G(-1) in intron 6] exhibit heterogeneity in phenotype and in response to therapy with rhIGF1 (recombinant human insulin-like growth factor I); there is mismatch between clinical and biochemical features in patients with this GHR mutations; rhIGF1 treatment improves target height outcomes in these patients. PMID: 29500309
  11. these results show that GHR polymorphism is associated with the length and width of the lip PMID: 28415752
  12. Our set of findings identify an unknown mechanism of GH regulation in mediating melanoma drug resistance and validates GHR as a unique therapeutic target for sensitizing highly therapy-resistant human melanoma cells to lower doses of anti-cancer drugs. PMID: 28293855
  13. The results suggest that both of the possible single mutation-containing heteromeric GH-GHR complexes, as well as the double GHR mutant complex result in perturbation of complex structures, with altered ability of the GHR dimers to interact with the GH peptide. PMID: 28523647
  14. GHR and PRLR associate in complexes comprised of GHR-GHR/PRLR-PRLR heteromers consisting of GHR homodimers and PRLR homodimers, rather than GHR-PRLR heterodimers. PMID: 27003442
  15. d3/d3 GHR genotype was found twice as frequent in appropriate for gestational age (AGA) and large for gestational age (LGA) cohorts compared to small for gestational age (SGA) subjects, whereas no significant differences in the frequency distribution of the GHR genotypes between LGA and AGA newborns were detected. PMID: 25411947
  16. Molecular interactions of EphA4, growth hormone receptor, Jak2, and STAT5B have been described. PMID: 28686668
  17. GHR levels correlate with levels of lipases and lipid droplet-associated proteins crucial for lipolysis. Thus, higher GHR expression in the abdominal depot when compared with the gluteal depot may underlie the in vivo effect of GH to specifically reduce abdominal adipose tissue mass. PMID: 27015877
  18. There was a strong relationship between growth hormone receptor (GHR)-d3/fl gene polymorphism status and leptin levels in acromegalic patients PMID: 28791847
  19. GHR exon 3 genotype appears to have no clinical significance, at least in Brazilian acromegaly patients. PMID: 27001494
  20. No differences were observed in GHR genotype distribution between the idiopathic growth hormone deficiency (IGHD)patients and the control group. Patients with IGHD did not differ among each other depending on their genotype (fl/fl-GHR or fl/d3-GHR) in terms of growth velocity before introducing therapy or growth rate after one year of recombinant human GH therapy. PMID: 27857044
  21. GHR-exon 3 polymorphisms did not show any consistent association with clinical and laboratory features of acromegalic patients even after treatment. PMID: 25552351
  22. We report a rapid, optimized method for genotyping the GHR full-length versus exon 3-deleted isoform (GHRd3) PMID: 26067082
  23. Data indicate that growth hormone binding protein (GHR) and KCNQ1 potassium channel variants with large effects on stature. PMID: 26366551
  24. Association between GHR/exon-3 variants and serum GH, IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 levels in diabetes and coronary heart disease. PMID: 25977383
  25. Data suggest that cell membrane/lipid bilayer binding of GHR intracellular domain is independent of transient changes in protein secondary structure of GHR. PMID: 25846210
  26. The d3-GHR variant genotype did not have an effect on clinical features or comorbidity in acromegalic patients, but it might play a role in GH/IGF-1 level discordance in acromegaly. PMID: 24706164
  27. Genetic and epigenetic variation at the GHR and IGF-1 loci play a major role as independent modulators of individual GH sensitivity. PMID: 25835289
  28. The E180splice mutation in the GHR gene causing Laron syndrome. PMID: 24664892
  29. A soluble IGF-1R extracellular domain fragment (sol IGF-1R) interacts with GHR in response to GH. PMID: 25211187
  30. Effective mandibular length (condylion-gnathion) and lower face height (anterior nasal spina-menton) were associated with P561T variant. finding supports GHR might be candidate gene for mandibular morphogenesis in this population. PMID: 24654940
  31. miRNA (miR)-129-5p, miR-142-3p, miR-202, and miR-16 are potent inhibitors of human GHR expression in normal (HEK293) and cancer (MCF7 and LNCaP) cells. PMID: 25073105
  32. The GHRd3 genotype was negatively associated with birth size but it was not associated with adult height or weight, plasma IGF1, metabolic phenotype or any marker of increased cardiovascular risk in young adults PMID: 24893921
  33. The growth hormone receptor d3/fl polymorphism was found to be of functional relevance and associated with central adiposity. PMID: 25391539
  34. Altogether, GHR silencing controls the growth and metastasis of pancreatic cancer and reveals its importance in pancreatic cancer pathogenesis. PMID: 25301264
  35. The GC genotype of rs6898743 in the GHR gene was negatively associated with esophageal squamous-cell carcinoma. PMID: 24608110
  36. In the Brazilian population, GHR exon 3 polymorphism is a severity-related risk factor for osteoporosis, but does not appear to be associated with disease status. PMID: 23812803
  37. The c.266+83G>T is the second intronic GHR mutation identified that activates a cryptic 5' donor splice site and is responsible for Laron syndrome. PMID: 24296660
  38. An intronic GHR mutation should be considered in all patients with signs of growth hormone insensitivity and no coding exon mutations, even if the phenotype is mild and even if other genetic variants have been found. PMID: 24335149
  39. Obtained data revealed remarkable increase in the expression levels of GHR and NEDD9 proteins in both epithelial and stromal components of axillary lymph node metastases in comparison with those of non-metastatic tumours. PMID: 24676793
  40. This study suggests for the first time that exon 3 deletion of GHR may predispose patients with active and controlled acromegaly to a higher risk of vertebral fractures. PMID: 24866575
  41. GHR-exon 3 polymorphism is not associated with idiopathic short stature. PMID: 23999134
  42. GHRd3 polymorphism seemed only to have a weak influence on male reproductive function of borderline significance. PMID: 24412931
  43. siRNA targeted inhibition of GHR in human colon cancer SW480 cells resulted in anti-tumor effects in nude mice. PMID: 24307807
  44. GHRs occur as approximately 500-kDa complexes that dimerize into active approximately 900-kDa complexes upon GH binding. The dimerized complexes act as platforms for transient interaction with JAK2 and ubiquitin ligases. PMID: 24280222
  45. growth hormone receptor, insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor and insulin-like growth factors binding protein-3 have a role in the pathogenesis of non-melanoma skin cancers, especially squamous cell carcinoma. PMID: 24022308
  46. In women, the d3-GHR polymorphism was associated with symptomatic osteoarthritis, especially at the hip site. PMID: 23740230
  47. The presence of growth hormone receptor (GHR) gene polymorphism affects growth hormone treatment of the Prader-Willi syndrome patients PMID: 23696513
  48. genetic association study in a population in Sweden: Data suggest that, among patients with growth hormone deficiency treated with hormone replacement therapy, homozygotes of full-length deletion of GHR respond better than those with exon 3 deletion. PMID: 24114431
  49. Data suggest growth hormone (GH) potentiates estradiol effects on proliferation in breast cancer cells expressing high levels of GHR; GH/GHR signaling overcomes proliferative effect of insulin-like growth factor I receptor tyrosine kinase inhibition. PMID: 23782942
  50. the GHR and IGF1 genes may have a role in African pygmies' short stature. PMID: 23047741

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Involvement in disease
Laron syndrome (LARS); Growth hormone insensitivity, partial (GHIP)
Subcellular Location
Cell membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein.; [Isoform 2]: Cell membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein.
Protein Families
Type I cytokine receptor family, Type 1 subfamily
Tissue Specificity
Expressed in various tissues with high expression in liver and skeletal muscle. Isoform 4 is predominantly expressed in kidney, bladder, adrenal gland and brain stem. Isoform 1 expression in placenta is predominant in chorion and decidua. Isoform 4 is hig
Database Links

HGNC: 4263

OMIM: 143890

KEGG: hsa:2690

STRING: 9606.ENSP00000230882

UniGene: Hs.125180

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