Recombinant Human C-C motif chemokine 18 protein(CCL18) (Active)

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Code CSB-AP000621HU
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Product Details

Purity >97% as determined by SDS-PAGE and HPLC.
Endotoxin Less than 1.0 EU/μg as determined by LAL method.
Activity Fully biologically active when compared to standard. The biological activity determined by a chemotaxis bioassay using human T-lymphocytes is in a concentration of 1.0-10 ng/ml.
Target Names CCL18
Uniprot No. P55774
Research Area Immunology
Alternative Names Alternative macrophage activation associated CC chemokine 1; Alternative macrophage activation-associated CC chemokine 1; AMAC-1; AMAC1; CC chemokine PARC; CCL18; CCL18(4-69); CCL18_HUMAN; CKb7; DC-CK1; DCCK1 ; DCCK1; Dendritic cell chemokine 1; Macrophage inflammatory protein 4; MIP-4; MIP4; PARC; Pulmonary and activation regulated chemokine; Pulmonary and activation-regulated chemokine; SCYA18; Small inducible cytokine A18 ; Small inducible cytokine A18; Small-inducible cytokine A18
Species Homo sapiens (Human)
Source E.coli
Expression Region 21-89aa
Complete Sequence AQVGTNKELC CLVYTSWQIP QKFIVDYSET SPQCPKPGVI LLTKRGRQIC ADPNKKWVQK YISDLKLNA
Mol. Weight 7.9 kDa
Protein Length Full Length of Mature Protein
Tag Info Tag-Free
Form Lyophilized powder
Buffer Lyophilized from a 0.2 µm filtered PBS, pH 7.4
Reconstitution We recommend that this vial be briefly centrifuged prior to opening to bring the contents to the bottom. Please reconstitute protein in deionized sterile water to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/mL.We recommend to add 5-50% of glycerol (final concentration) and aliquot for long-term storage at -20°C/-80°C. Our default final concentration of glycerol is 50%. Customers could use it as reference.
Troubleshooting
and FAQs
Protein FAQs
Storage Condition Store at -20°C upon receipt, aliquoting is necessary for mutiple use. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Shelf Life The shelf life is related to many factors, storage state, buffer ingredients, storage temperature and the stability of the protein itself.
Generally, the shelf life of liquid form is 6 months at -20°C/-80°C. The shelf life of lyophilized form is 12 months at -20°C/-80°C.
Lead Time Basically, we can dispatch the products out in 5-10 working days after receiving your orders. Delivery time may differ from different purchasing way or location, please kindly consult your local distributors for specific delivery time.
Notes Repeated freezing and thawing is not recommended. Store working aliquots at 4°C for up to one week.
Datasheet & COA Please contact us to get it.

Target Data

Function Chemotactic factor that attracts lymphocytes but not monocytes or granulocytes. May be involved in B-cell migration into B-cell follicles in lymph nodes. Attracts naive T-lymphocytes toward dendritic cells and activated macrophages in lymph nodes, has chemotactic activity for naive T-cells, CD4+ and CD8+ T-cells and thus may play a role in both humoral and cell-mediated immunity responses.
Gene References into Functions
  1. miR-128 interacts with CCL18 3'UTR, reducing its expression in malignant melanoma. PMID: 30025750
  2. AMAP1 mediated CCL18-induce activation of NF-kappaB and promoted breast cancer metastasis. PMID: 28834540
  3. results of the study indicate that there could be a relationship between the expression of CCL-18 in nasal turbinate mucosa and the severity of allergic rhinitis PMID: 30102123
  4. chemokine CCL18 can be a mediator of peritoneal membrane failure associated with peritonitis episodes as well as providing a new potential therapeutic target. PMID: 29850544
  5. CCL18 was up-regulated in diffuse large B cell lymphoma and related to poor prognosis PMID: 29504526
  6. Serum C-C motif chemokine ligand 18 (CCL18) was elevated in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) and could serve as a new tumor biomarker, which also predicted a poor survival of the patient. PMID: 29036787
  7. In advanced lung adenocarcinoma, infiltration of CCL18(+) tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) was increased and higher expression of CCL18 by TAMs was associated with a favorable prognosis in lymph-node positive NSCLC PMID: 29970512
  8. This study study discovered a positive feedback loop between CTGF and CCL18 in hepatocellular carcinoma metastasis. PMID: 28837877
  9. All patients with NPC1 mutations had high ChT activity, high CCL18/PARC concentrations and/or Niemann-Pick disease type C suspicion index scores >/=70. PMID: 28222799
  10. findings suggest that these pulmonary markers could be useful to assess CAP severity and, especially YKL-40 and CCL18 by helping predict CAP caused by atypical pathogens PMID: 29324810
  11. PARC activation of neutrophils by sterile immunogenic dying cells drives neutrophil-mediated residual cell killing. PMID: 28234357
  12. Matrigel invasion assays revealed that tumor ECM-educated macrophages efficiently stimulated cancer cell invasion through a mechanism involving CCL18. PMID: 28209528
  13. Our results indicate that CCL18 acts in an autocrine manner via Akt activation to stimulate oral squamous cell carcinoma cell growth and invasion during disease progression PMID: 26919103
  14. Our data indicate that hypoxic inhibition of JMJD3 activity reduces demethylation of H3K27me3, nucleosome removal, and hence induction of the STAT6 target gene CCL18, while induction of other STAT6-inducible genes such as SPINT2 remained unaffected by JMJD3. PMID: 27737800
  15. There was no association between serial CCL18 concentrations with tumor response and overall survival. PMID: 28957436
  16. CCL-18 is a promising biomarker in COPD, as it is associated with frequency of exacerbations, particularly with severe COPD exacerbations requiring hospitalization, as well as with functional parameters and symptom scores. PMID: 28115842
  17. Data suggested that CCL18 upregulated Slug expression to promote epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and stem cell-like features by activating the mTOR pathway in oral cancer. PMID: 28574664
  18. An increased lung protein expression of PARC in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients PMID: 28545096
  19. CCL18 can increase the invasive ability of non-small cell lung cancer cells by binding to its receptor Nir1. PMID: 26756176
  20. Results demonstrate that high levels of CCL18 are present in ovarian cancer (OC) ascites and that CCL18 is an important component of ascites for the ascites-mediated migration of OC cells. Ascites and CCL18 stimulate the phosphorylation and expression of Pyk2, which is critical for mediated CCL18-induced migration. PMID: 27613122
  21. Data suggest that circulating CCL18 and abdominal subcutaneous white adipose tissue-secreted CCL18 correlates with insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome risk score; because CCL18 is macrophage-specific and associates with adipose immune gene expression, it may constitute a marker of adipose tissue inflammation (panniculitis). PMID: 27459538
  22. Cytomegalovirus replication in the allograft causes an intrapulmonary increase of CCL-18 and CCL-20 and a systemic rise of CCL-20 serum levels. Strong intrapulmonary CCL-18 responses are associated with symptomatic HCMV disease, proposing that CCL-18 BALF levels could serve as a marker. PMID: 26910332
  23. Study determined that CCL18 expression was up-regulated in ovarian carcinoma suggesting that CCL18 may play an important role in the pathogenicity of epithelial ovarian cancer through the induction of regulators and the activation of signaling pathways including mTORC2 signaling pathways. PMID: 26457987
  24. CCL18 expression is significantly upregulated in human masticatory mucosa during wound healing PMID: 28005267
  25. release of CCL18 with greater non-small cell lung cancer tumor size is most likely due to the accompanied growth of leukocyte infiltrate PMID: 27630310
  26. this study shows that CCL18 has a correlation with cardiac function in patients with acute anterior myocardial infarction PMID: 27350631
  27. our findings establish a signaling role for CCL18 in gastric cancer cells and identify that the CCL18/ERK1/2/NF-kappaB signaling pathway is essential for tumor invasiveness in gastric cancer cells. PMID: 26242263
  28. CCL18 enhances hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) through the expression of PITPNM3 and the activation of the NF-kappaB signaling pathway. PMID: 26449829
  29. our findings suggest that CCL18 released from tumor-associated macrophages promotes angiogenesis and tumor progression in breast cancer. PMID: 26416449
  30. Findings suggest that down-regulation of miR98 and miR27b promotes CCL18-mediated invasion and migration of breast cancer cells. PMID: 26244871
  31. CCL18 is significantly up-regulated in breast cancer vs benign tumors or normal breast. It increased with the size of tumors, the number of lymph node metastasis, and advancing tumor stage. PMID: 26294068
  32. A common CCL18 polymorphism together with intraventricular hemorrhage had an additive influence on cerebral palsy susceptibility. PMID: 26113374
  33. The CCL18 levels in serum and synovial fluid are correlated with the severity of osteoarthritis. PMID: 25794928
  34. Combined functions of CCL18 in mesenchymal and cancer cells might accelerate the progression of PDAC by promoting the epithelial-mesenchymal transition, invasion and migration of pancreatic cancer cells. PMID: 25502147
  35. Increased CCL18 levels characterize chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection and pulmonary obstruction in patients with cystic fibrosis. PMID: 25142483
  36. upregulation of CCL18 may be involved in the malignant progression of prostate cancer. PMID: 25197632
  37. CCL-18 and IGFBP-6 were identified as new potential serum biomarkers for prostate cancer. PMID: 24747338
  38. CCL18 expression was positively correlated with malignancy in EC. PMID: 25275026
  39. Pyk2 and Src are important in CCL18-induced breast cancer metastasis PMID: 24142406
  40. CCL18 is an antimicrobial protein with bacteriocidal activity against E. coli and S. aureus. PMID: 12949249
  41. CCL18 from tumor-associated macrophages induces cancer cell epithelial-mesenchymal transition, forming a positive feedback loop, in coculture systems and humanized mice. PMID: 24823638
  42. Further development of A1AT as a diagnostic biomarker for BCa is warranted. PMID: 24011266
  43. the Cys10-Cys34 disulfide bond is involved in the function of CCL18. PMID: 23742785
  44. genetic polymorphism is associated with lung function in Hutterites, who are a founder population of European descent in North America PMID: 23932459
  45. In patients with systemic sclerosis-related interstitial lung disease, CCL18 was a predictor of short-term decline in forced vital capacity. It was not a longterm prognostic indicator. PMID: 23588945
  46. Data indicate that PYK2 N-terminal domain interacting receptor 1 (Nir1) could induce epithelial-mesenchymal transition by stabilising Snail via the PI3K/Akt/GSK3beta/Snail signalling pathway through binding to CCL18. PMID: 24001613
  47. this review focuses on the potential role, in asthma and lung immunity, of CCL18 a chemokine both constitutively expressed at high levels in the lung and induced in inflammatory conditions PMID: 23786278
  48. Identification of human CCR8 as a CCL18 receptor. PMID: 23999500
  49. A high CCL18 level might be an independent biomarker for predicting better survival of patients with colorectal cancer. PMID: 23433718
  50. CCL18 may be an interesting therapeutic target for NSCLC PMID: 23349697
  51. These results suggest that CCL18 may be associated with the development of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. PMID: 22404649
  52. CCL18 and YKL-40 levels and CHIT1 activity are enhanced in allergic airway inflammation and thus may contribute to airway remodelling in asthma. PMID: 23331560
  53. correlation of serum level of CCL18 with survival time in non-small-cell lung cancer PMID: 22848587
  54. enhanced production tolerogenic dendritic cells is associated with inhibition of allergic airway reactivity PMID: 23102918
  55. IRF4 and CCL18 are novel genes expressed in periodontitis tissues, which may constitute potential therapeutic targets for future treatment strategies of periodontitis. PMID: 23029519
  56. CCL18 was a highly accurate biomarker for bladder cancer detection in this cohort. PMID: 22629457
  57. Serum concentration of CCL18 reflects fibroinflammatory activity and extent of disease in patients with chronic periaortitis. PMID: 22589264
  58. CCL18 may contribute to maintaining tolerance and/or suppressing deleterious inflammation by attracting memory regulatory (Treg) cells into tissues, particularly in the lung, where it is highly and constitutively expressed. PMID: 22649201
  59. Overproduction of CCL18 might contribute to the pathogenesis of CRSwNP through its known activities, which include recruitment of lymphocytes and dendritic cells, activation of fibroblasts, and initiation of local inflammation. PMID: 21943944
  60. Serum CCL18 and CXCL1 are potentially useful as novel circulating tumor markers for the differential diagnosis between ovarian cancer and benign ovarian masses. PMID: 21928244
  61. CCL18 functions as a maturation factor for monocytes leading to the development of macrophages in the M2 spectrum. PMID: 22117697
  62. IL-6 and CCL18 could clearly distinguish between women with breast cancers and healthy controls. PMID: 22203932
  63. serum CCL18 is an accurate predictive biomarker for the identification of patients with a higher risk of subsequent scleroderma lung disease worsening. PMID: 21778167
  64. High CCL18 is associated with functional deficiency and fibrosis of the peritoneal membrane. PMID: 21324976
  65. Serum levels of CCL18 correlate with the clinical severity score, serum eosinophil, and IgE levels in eczema and atopy. PMID: 21539615
  66. Levels of CCL18 were raised least in meningeal TB, and most in pulmonary patients with long histories, when levels were similar to those in disease controls PMID: 21251883
  67. CCL18 derived from Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) lays a critical role in promoting breast cancer metastasis via its receptor, PITPNM3. PMID: 21481794
  68. Serum CCL18 level was significantly elevated in epithelial ovarian cancer patients with early stages compared to those with late stages. PMID: 19937162
  69. CCL18/PARC is a potential diagnostic and prognostic parameter in patients with stable coronary artery disease. PMID: 20674579
  70. Low cord blood CCL18 is an independent risk factor of intraventricular hemorrhage. PMID: 20608885
  71. CCL18 is an important modulator of CXCR4-dependent responses in pre-B acute lymphocytic leukemia cells via interactions with GPR30. PMID: 20568229
  72. results indicated that a significant production of CCL18/PARC in different CNS traumatic and neoplasm tissues by specific cellular elements expressing the chemokine PMID: 19958819
  73. Determination of plasma chitotriosidase and CCL18 may be useful to monitor changes in granulomatous macrophages during the course of sarcoidosis PMID: 19808030
  74. mRNA for the chemokine PARC is expressed in the lower respiratory tract in both healthy subjects and patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis. PMID: 12161279
  75. An in vivo role for DC-CK1 is shown in the establishment of primary T cell responses in mice indicating the potential of DC-CK1 as an adjuvant for vaccines against malaria as well as other diseases in which cellular immune responses are important. PMID: 12626578
  76. Investigation of the regulation of CCL18 production in maturing dendritic cells proposes that CCL18 may be part of an inhibitory pathway devoted to limiting the generation of specific immune responses at peripheral sites. PMID: 12646652
  77. Eosinophil production of PARC, its chemotactic effect on monocytes and lymphocytes, and PARC's previously described localization to the lung suggest that this chemokine might play a role in pulmonary leukocyte trafficking. PMID: 12716654
  78. Results suggest that pulmonary and activation-regulated chemokine is a member of the CC chemokine family that acts directly as a profibrotic factor. PMID: 12805086
  79. Serum PARC levels thus constitute a novel leukemia marker, possibly reflecting tumor/host cell interactions in the circulation PMID: 14578205
  80. Regulation of CCL18 by allergen exposure and microbial products suggests its important role in the initiation and amplification of atopic skin inflammation. PMID: 15494534
  81. Conclusive evidence links CCL18 protein expression with various stages of atopic dermatitis and demonstrates the capacity of CCL18 to recruit memory T cells into human skin in a SCID-hu mouse model. PMID: 15661937
  82. chitotriosidase and CCL18 have roles in formation of pathological lipid-laden macrophages in type B Niemann-Pick disease PMID: 15702402
  83. Native collagen significantly up-regulated CCL18 expression in normal AMs activated with Th2 cytokines via a mechanism mediated by beta2-integrin/ scavenger receptor(s). PMID: 16415274
  84. A new function for CCL18--the recruitment of Th2 cells and basophils--suggests that CCL18 may play a predominant role in allergic asthma. PMID: 16670340
  85. urinary CCL18 levels are related to Gaucher cell burden in Gaucher patients PMID: 16736095
  86. IL-10 synergistically induces CCL18 secretion in combination with IL-4 of IL-13 on monocytes and monocyte derived cells. PMID: 16984635
  87. These findings suggest that CCL18 production by bronchoalveolar lavage cells and serum CCL18 concentrations reflect pulmonary fibrotic activity in patients with idiopathic interstitial pneumonias and those with systemic sclerosis. PMID: 17469163
  88. CCl18 is expressed in synovial fluid neutrophils in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. PMID: 17875202
  89. Upregulation of CCL18 expression and downregulation of CX3CR1 expression play a role in immune responses against the adult t-cell leukemia cells. PMID: 17900259
  90. CCL18 expression didn't differ in PBMCs, sera and Langerhans cells from intrinsic and extrinsic subgroups, but CCL18 expression was observed in lesional skins and inflammatory dendritic epidermal cells in patients with extrinsic atopic dermatitis. PMID: 17979978
  91. PARC, is elevated in sputum specimens from patients with asthma. PARC may play important roles in development of airway eosinophilic inflammation in asthma. PMID: 19017877
  92. CCL18 is predominantly expressed in human atherosclerotic plaques and may participate in the atherosclerotic plaque formation. PMID: 19036375
  93. CCL18 production by BAL-cells is down-regulated by chronic cigarette smoking and LPS contamination in cigarette smoke might be one factor involved PMID: 19357939

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Subcellular Location Secreted
Protein Families Intercrine beta (chemokine CC) family
Tissue Specificity Expressed at high levels in lung, lymph nodes, placenta, bone marrow, dendritic cells present in germinal centers and T-cell areas of secondary lymphoid organs and macrophages derived from peripheral blood monocytes. Not expressed by peripheral blood mono
Database Links

HGNC: 10616

OMIM: 603757

KEGG: hsa:6362

STRING: 9606.ENSP00000004921

UniGene: Hs.143961

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