AOX1 Antibody

Code CSB-PA923627
Size US$297 How to order?
  • Western blot analysis of extracts from HeLa cells, using AOX1 antibody.
  • Immunohistochemistry analysis of paraffin-embedded human lung carcinoma tissue, using AOX1 antibody.
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Product Details

Full Product Name Rabbit anti-Homo sapiens (Human) AOX1 Polyclonal antibody
Uniprot No. Q06278
Target Names AOX1
Alternative Names AOX1 antibody; AOAldehyde oxidase antibody; EC antibody; Aldehyde oxidase 1 antibody; Azaheterocycle hydroxylase antibody; EC 1.17.3.- antibody
Raised in Rabbit
Species Reactivity Human
Immunogen Synthesized peptide derived from internal of Human AOX1.
Immunogen Species Homo sapiens (Human)
Clonality Polyclonal
Purification Method The antibody was affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogen.
Concentration It differs from different batches. Please contact us to confirm it.
Form Rabbit IgG in phosphate buffered saline (without Mg2+ and Ca2+), pH 7.4, 150mM NaCl, 0.02% sodium azide and 50% glycerol.
Tested Applications ELISA,WB,IHC
Recommended Dilution
Application Recommended Dilution
WB 1:500-1:3000
IHC 1:50-1:100
Protocols ELISA Protocol
Western Blotting(WB) Protocol
Immunohistochemistry (IHC) Protocol
Troubleshooting and FAQs Antibody FAQs
Storage Upon receipt, store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid repeated freeze.
Lead Time Basically, we can dispatch the products out in 1-3 working days after receiving your orders. Delivery time maybe differs from different purchasing way or location, please kindly consult your local distributors for specific delivery time.

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Target Background

Oxidase with broad substrate specificity, oxidizing aromatic azaheterocycles, such as N1-methylnicotinamide, N-methylphthalazinium and phthalazine, as well as aldehydes, such as benzaldehyde, retinal, pyridoxal, and vanillin. Plays a key role in the metabolism of xenobiotics and drugs containing aromatic azaheterocyclic substituents. Participates in the bioactivation of prodrugs such as famciclovir, catalyzing the oxidation step from 6-deoxypenciclovir to penciclovir, which is a potent antiviral agent. Is probably involved in the regulation of reactive oxygen species homeostasis. May be a prominent source of superoxide generation via the one-electron reduction of molecular oxygen. Also may catalyze nitric oxide (NO) production via the reduction of nitrite to NO with NADH or aldehyde as electron donor. May play a role in adipogenesis.
Gene References into Functions
  1. AOX1 SNPs exist in which the base-pair exchange of the SNP leads to loss of enzyme activity. PMID: 26842593
  2. ten novel single nucleotide polymorphisms resulting in amino acid exchanges in proximity to the FAD site of hAOX1, were characterized. PMID: 28750088
  3. Data suggest that substrate specificity of AOX1 includes GDC-0834, an inhibitor of Bruton's tyrosine kinase with potential non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent activity; in liver cytosol, hydrolysis of GDC-0834 is primarily due to AOX1. PMID: 25845827
  4. Methotrexate is poorly metabolized by human AOX1, in contrast to rabbit. PMID: 26032640
  5. These results supported the possibility that XO/XD and AO can contribute to nitric oxide generation. PMID: 25537183
  6. Several donors have a normal AOX1 protein level. PMID: 23857892
  7. High AOX1 methylation was associated with biochemical recurrence in prostate cancer. PMID: 23918943
  8. The physiological role of AOX1 remains unclear, but it is known that thiopurines belong to its substrates; AOX1 contributes to azathioprine catabolism. PMID: 22495427
  9. hydralazine, at a concentration of 25 to 50 muM, can be used in human hepatocyte incubations to estimate the contribution of aldehyde oxidase to the hepatic clearance of drugs and other compounds. PMID: 22522748
  10. Human population is characterized by the presence of functionally inactive hAOX1 allelic variants as well as variants encoding enzymes with different catalytic activities. PMID: 22279051
  11. characterization of AO activity in cryopreserved human hepatocytes: enzyme stability; substrate specificity; kinetics; inhibition by hydralazine PMID: 22031625
  12. Expressed AOX1 in Escherichia coli and purified kinetically active protein. PMID: 19741035

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Subcellular Location Cytoplasm.
Protein Families Xanthine dehydrogenase family
Tissue Specificity Abundant in liver, expressed in adipose tissue and at lower levels in lung, skeletal muscle, pancreas. In contrast to mice, no significant gender difference in AOX1 expression level (at protein level).
Database Links

HGNC: 553

OMIM: 602841

KEGG: hsa:316

STRING: 9606.ENSP00000363832

UniGene: Hs.406238

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