Recombinant Human Glucocorticoid receptor(NR3C1),partial

Code CSB-YP016059HU1
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Source Yeast
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Code CSB-EP016059HU1-B
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Source E.coli
Conjugate Avi-tag Biotinylated
E. coli biotin ligase (BirA) is highly specific in covalently attaching biotin to the 15 amino acid AviTag peptide. This recombinant protein was biotinylated in vivo by AviTag-BirA technology, which method is BriA catalyzes amide linkage between the biotin and the specific lysine of the AviTag.
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Code CSB-BP016059HU1
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Source Baculovirus
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Code CSB-MP016059HU1
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Source Mammalian cell
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Product Details

Purity >85% (SDS-PAGE)
Target Names NR3C1
Uniprot No. P04150
Alternative Names GCCR; GCR; GCR_HUMAN; GCRST; glucocorticoid nuclear receptor variant 1; Glucocorticoid receptor; GR; GRL; Grl1; nr3c1; Nuclear receptor subfamily 3 group C member 1; nuclear receptor subfamily 3, group C, member 1 (glucocorticoid receptor)
Species Homo sapiens (Human)
Protein Length Partial
Tag Info The following tags are available.
N-terminal His-tagged
The tag type will be determined during production process. If you have specified tag type, please tell us and we will develop the specified tag preferentially.
Form Lyophilized powder
Buffer before Lyophilization Tris/PBS-based buffer, 6% Trehalose, pH 8.0
Reconstitution We recommend that this vial be briefly centrifuged prior to opening to bring the contents to the bottom. Please reconstitute protein in deionized sterile water to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/mL.We recommend to add 5-50% of glycerol (final concentration) and aliquot for long-term storage at -20℃/-80℃. Our default final concentration of glycerol is 50%. Customers could use it as reference.
and FAQs
Protein FAQs
Storage Condition Store at -20°C upon receipt, aliquoting is necessary for mutiple use. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Shelf Life The shelf life is related to many factors, storage state, buffer ingredients, storage temperature and the stability of the protein itself.
Generally, the shelf life of liquid form is 6 months at -20°C/-80°C. The shelf life of lyophilized form is 12 months at -20°C/-80°C.
Lead Time Delivery time may differ from different purchasing way or location, please kindly consult your local distributors for specific delivery time.
Note: All of our proteins are default shipped with normal blue ice packs, if you request to ship with dry ice, please communicate with us in advance and extra fees will be charged.
Notes Repeated freezing and thawing is not recommended. Store working aliquots at 4°C for up to one week.
Datasheet Please contact us to get it.

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Target Background

(From Uniprot)
Receptor for glucocorticoids (GC)
Gene References into Functions
  1. relaxin-GR signaling has role in hepatocellular protection against ischemia-reperfusion stress in liver transplantation PMID: 29350771
  2. Bcl1 G/G polymorphism of glucocorticoid receptor gene is associated with bronchial asthma complicated by obesity. PMID: 30480407
  3. topical mevastatin accelerates wound closure by promoting epithelialization via multiple mechanisms: modulation of GR ligands and induction of the long noncoding RNA Gas5, leading to c-Myc inhibition. PMID: 29158265
  4. alpha-Viniferin (KCV) inhibits the activation of glucocorticoid receptor (GR) signaling pathway in non-androgen-dependent Prostate cancer (PCa) cells. KCV induces cancer cell apoptosis through AMP-Activated Protein Kinases-mediated activation of autophagy, and inhibits GR expression in castration-resistant prostate cancer(CRPC). PMID: 29904891
  5. The genotypes for the NR3C1 polymorphisms in patients and controls were distributed as follows: rs6191 TT 37 : 56, GT 178 : 36, GG 332 : 609; rs6196 AA 483 : 905, AG 66 : 118, GG 2 : 4; rs10482614 GG 493 : 916, AG 61 : 108, AA 1 : 4; and rs72557310 AG 27 : 65, GG 3 : 0, AA 525 : 964. There were no significant differences in genotype frequency or in allele distributions between cases and controls. PMID: 29381656
  6. Glucocorticoid receptor positively regulates transcription of FNDC5 in the liver. PMID: 28240298
  7. Polymorphisms in NR3C1 gene is associated with sensitivity to glucocorticoids and it may contribute to the glucose abnormality for Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia. PMID: 29802709
  8. NR3C1 methylation moderates the effect of maternal support during stress on anxious attachment development 18 months later. More stressed children who experienced less maternal support reported increased anxious attachment when their NR3C1 gene was highly methylated. This effect could not be explained by children's level of psychopathology. PMID: 29058930
  9. Meta-analysis showed that homozygous mutation of NR3C1 rs41423247 was associated with Depression. PMID: 30278546
  10. This review focuses on the earlier findings on the pathophysiology of GR signaling and presents criteria facilitating identification of novel NR3C1 mutations in selected patients. [review] PMID: 29685454
  11. study indicates that GR genetic polymorphisms may play a major role in the pathogenesis and development of systemic lupus erythematosus PMID: 28984075
  12. The BclI NR3C1 polymorphisms were significantly associated with asthma in adults. (Meta-analysis) PMID: 29729712
  13. Here we show genome-wide that blocked GBR generally require CHD9 and BRM for GR occupancy in contrast to GBR that are not blocked by Hic-5. Hic-5 blocked GBR are enriched near Hic-5 blocked GR target genes but not near GR target genes that are not blocked by Hic-5. PMID: 29738565
  14. There was no significant association between different genotypes and alleles of Glucocorticoid Receptor of rs6195, rs6189/rs6190 variants, and response to fluoxetine (p=0.213 and 0.99, respectively). PMID: 28641498
  15. NR3C1 gene polymorphisms are significantly associated with the response to glucocorticoids. PMID: 29207898
  16. There is no clear evidence that the analysed NR3C1 allelic variants confer a risk for developing systemic autoimmune diseases although the minor G allele of rs41423247 may be protective among Caucasians (review and meta-analysis). PMID: 29526633
  17. Analyses demonstrated a trend in the association between maternal trait anxiety and depression symptoms with placental gene expression of NR3C1. We found a significant interaction with maternal ethnicity. In Caucasians only, prenatal trait anxiety and depressive symptoms were associated with an increase in placental NR3C1 expression, and prenatal life events were associated with a down regulation of HSD11B2 PMID: 29100173
  18. We genotyped 10 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on the NR3C1 gene (rs10482682, rs33389, rs10482633, rs10515522, rs2963156, rs4128428, rs9324918, rs41423247, rs6189, rs10052957).Haplotype analyses revealed significant effects of NR3C1 (p = 0.011) on cortisol stress response. Neither NR3C1 haplotype nor NR3C2 haplotype was associated with reasoning abilities. PMID: 29100174
  19. In this study, we described the cellular localization of the glucocorticoid receptor in the human adult and fetal testis and provided evidence of an association between semen quality and a genetic polymorphism BclI (rs41423247) in the NR3C1 gene. PMID: 28992366
  20. Results indicate that maltreated children evidence higher baseline levels of NR3C1 methylation, significant decreases in methylation over time, and then at follow-up, lower levels of methylation, relative to nonmaltreated preschoolers. PMID: 29162170
  21. children with early onset maltreatment evidence significant hypermethylation compared to nonmaltreated children. Also, hypermethylation of NR3C1 is linked with a number of negative child outcomes including greater emotional lability-negativity, higher levels of ego undercontrol, more externalizing behavior, and greater depressive symptoms. PMID: 29162187
  22. Study evaluated whether associations between early adversity and brain responses to dynamic facial expressions in early adulthood varied as a function of regional differences in the expression of NR3C1. Strongest associations between adversities and BOLD response to fearful faces were in brain regions with higher NR3C1 mRNA expression levels. Highest expression of NR3C1 is found in occipital and lowest in temporal regions PMID: 28612935
  23. Study define a distinct GRgamma driven signaling network including identification of GRgamma specific subcellular trafficking, target gene selection, and engagement of interacting proteins. Both transcriptome, and protein interactome data suggested a role in for GRgamma in directing mitochondrial function, and indeed GRgamma expression increased mitochondrial mass, basal respiration, and ATP generation. PMID: 27226058
  24. Studied single nucleotide polymorphisms in human glucocorticoid receptor (NR3C1) gene with regard to susceptibility in high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) in Han Chinese population. PMID: 29587872
  25. In patients with adrenal incidentalomas, a 5% prevalence of heterozygous NR3C1 mutations was discovered. PMID: 29444898
  26. This study demonstrated that NR3C1 expression levels are related to major depressive disorder and conjunctly mediate the effect of childhood maltreatment history on the risk of developing major depressive disorder. PMID: 28384542
  27. This study demonstrated that increased methylation of glucocorticoid receptor gene promoter 1F in peripheral blood of patients with generalized anxiety disorder. PMID: 28292649
  28. This study suggests that SNPs in the NR3C1 gene may influence BDNF levels in crack cocaine addiction. PMID: 28237884
  29. We identified a molecular signature of secreted proteins associated with AA ultraresponsiveness and sustained AR/GR signaling upon AA resistance in intermediate or minimal responders. These data will inform development of noninvasive biomarkers predicting AA response and suggest that further inhibition along the AR/GR signaling axis may be effective only in AA-resistant patients who are intermediate or minimal responders PMID: 27993966
  30. A Tri-Nucleotide Pattern in a 3' UTR Segment Affects The Activity of a Human Glucocorticoid Receptor Isoform PMID: 27660999
  31. Association Between N363S and BclI Polymorphisms of the Glucocorticoid Receptor Gene (NR3C1) and Glucocorticoid Side Effects During Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Treatment. PMID: 28179212
  32. genetic association studies in population in Brazil: Data suggest that an SNP in NR3C1 (A3669G) is associated with appetite regulation and food preferences; here, adolescents carrying A3669G variant exhibited decreased comfort food intake. PMID: 28400302
  33. Results provide evidence for an association between the NR3C1-rs41423247 SNP and depression: C minor allele of rs41423247 increased depressive symptoms during early abstinence of women with crack cocaine addiction, but it did not have effects over detoxification treatment. A slight effect of CC genotype was shown at late abstinence phase. C allele of this SNP was associated to an increased number of rehospitalizations. PMID: 27397864
  34. There was no significant interaction between NR3C1 and stressful life events with respect to alcohol use/misuse. PMID: 26751645
  35. Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and cortisol modulate SRSF9 and SRSF3 in a different way and data suggest that the anti-glucocorticoid effect of DHEA, among other mechanisms, is also exerted by modulating the expression of proteins involved in the splicing of the GR pre-mRNA. PMID: 28373129
  36. Association between suicide and altered NR3C1 gene expression in the prefrontal cortex. PMID: 27030168
  37. Results identified three novel heterozygous missense NR3C1 mutations causing glucocorticoid resistance in patients with adrenal incidentalomas without Cushing's syndrome. p.R477S and p.Y478C are located in the DNA binding domain (DBD) of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) while p.L67P is located in the ligand binding domain of GR. PMID: 27120390
  38. Data show that the 3' UTR of glucocorticoid receptor beta (GRbeta) is regulated by miR144. PMID: 27036026
  39. Except for a slightly higher risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in carriers of the GRBclI variant, the glucocorticoid receptor gene polymorphisms BclI, N363S, and R23K did not affect neonatal outcome parameters in this large multicenter cohort of Very-Low-Birth-Weight preterm infants. PMID: 27509264
  40. Possible influence of BclI C/G polymorphism (rs41423247) on hippocampal shape and integrity of the parahippocampal subdivision of the cingulum in depression. PMID: 27428087
  41. A woman with glucocorticoid resistance and her mother had a novel p.Arg477Cys (c.1429C>T) mutation in exon 4 of NR3C1, in the 2dzinc finger of the DNA-binding domain. Its 'in silico' functional effect was assessed using pathogenicity prediction software, being characterized as pathogenic. An unrelated patient had a novel p.His588Leufs*5 (c.1762_1763insTTAC) mutation, in exon 6, in the ligand binding domain. PMID: 27211791
  42. NR3C1 as an important gene of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis seems to be particularly relevant for the pathophysiology of ADHD combined with comorbid CD. PMID: 27741480
  43. a significant protein-protein interaction between GR and CHOP, (GR-CHOP heterocomplex formation) under endoplasmic reticulum stress conditions, is reported. PMID: 27496643
  44. Childhood Maltreatment and MDD are both associated wit haltered DNA methylation levels in the NR3C1 promoter region, however the location and direction of effects differ between the two exposure.s PMID: 27475889
  45. This study presents evidence of reduced methylation of NR3C1 in association with childhood maltreatment and depressive, anxiety and substance-use disorders in adults. PMID: 27378548
  46. genetic association studies in a racially diverse population in North Carolina: Data suggest that an SNP in NR3C1 (rs6191, G3134T, "glucocorticoid receptor beta") is associated with altered gene expression profile in primary macrophages; minor allele frequency is 74% with a higher prevalence in Caucasian non-Hispanic participants. PMID: 28759007
  47. Decreased DNA methylation of CpG1 of NR3C1 in high-risk infants may allow for increased binding of transcription factors involved in the stress response, repair and regulation of NR3C1. This may ensure healthy growth in high-risk preterm infants over increasing cortisol levels. PMID: 27653086
  48. G-allele was associated with childhood overweight, depressive disorder comorbidity, and diagnostic instability. G-allele carriers reporting childhood overweight showed greater frequency of subjective binge eating and emotional eating. PMID: 27400218
  49. haplotype TAAT of GR might be a protective factor against aggressive behavior, while gene-gene interactions between GR rs1800445 and MR (NR3C2) rs2070951 might be a risk factor for aggressive behavior in the Central South Chinese Han population PMID: 28686058
  50. Glucocorticoid receptor (GR) is recruited to activator protein-1 (AP-1) target genes in a DNA-binding-dependent manner. PMID: 28591827

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Involvement in disease Glucocorticoid resistance, generalized (GCCR)
Subcellular Location Isoform Alpha: Cytoplasm, Nucleus, Mitochondrion, Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, spindle, Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, microtubule organizing center, centrosome, Note=After ligand activation, translocates from the cytoplasm to the nucleus, SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Isoform Beta: Nucleus, Cytoplasm, Note=Expressed predominantly in the nucleus with some expression also detected in the cytoplasm, SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Isoform Alpha-B: Nucleus, Cytoplasm
Protein Families Nuclear hormone receptor family, NR3 subfamily
Tissue Specificity Widely expressed including bone, stomach, lung, liver, colon, breast, ovary, pancreas and kidney (PubMed:25847991). In the heart, detected in left and right atria, left and right ventricles, aorta, apex, intraventricular septum, and atrioventricular node
Database Links

HGNC: 7978

OMIM: 138040

KEGG: hsa:2908

STRING: 9606.ENSP00000231509

UniGene: Hs.122926


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