Recombinant Rat C-C motif chemokine 3 protein(Ccl3) (Active)

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Code CSB-AP001521RA
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Product Details

Purity >98% as determined by SDS-PAGE and HPLC.
Endotoxin Less than 1.0 EU/μg as determined by LAL method.
Activity Fully biologically active when compared to standard. The biological activity determined by a chemoattract bioassay using human blood monocytes is in a concentration range of 10-100 ng/ml.
Target Names Ccl3
Uniprot No. P50229
Research Area Immunology
Alternative Names Ccl3; Mip1a; Scya3; C-C motif chemokine 3; Macrophage inflammatory protein 1-alpha; MIP-1-alpha; Small-inducible cytokine A3
Species Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Source E.coli
Expression Region 24-92aa
Complete Sequence APYGADTPTA CCFSYGRQIP RKFIADYFET SSLCSQPGVI FLTKRNRQIC ADPKETWVQE YITELELNA
Mol. Weight 7.9 kDa
Protein Length Full Length of Mature Protein
Tag Info Tag-Free
Form Lyophilized powder
Buffer Lyophilized from a 0.2 µm filtered PBS, pH 7.4
Reconstitution We recommend that this vial be briefly centrifuged prior to opening to bring the contents to the bottom. Please reconstitute protein in deionized sterile water to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/mL.We recommend to add 5-50% of glycerol (final concentration) and aliquot for long-term storage at -20°C/-80°C. Our default final concentration of glycerol is 50%. Customers could use it as reference.
Troubleshooting
and FAQs
Protein FAQs
Storage Condition Store at -20°C/-80°C upon receipt, aliquoting is necessary for mutiple use. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Shelf Life The shelf life is related to many factors, storage state, buffer ingredients, storage temperature and the stability of the protein itself.
Generally, the shelf life of liquid form is 6 months at -20°C/-80°C. The shelf life of lyophilized form is 12 months at -20°C/-80°C.
Lead Time 5-10 business days
Notes Repeated freezing and thawing is not recommended. Store working aliquots at 4°C for up to one week.
Datasheet & COA Please contact us to get it.

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Target Background

Function
Monokine with inflammatory and chemokinetic properties. Has chemotactic activity for monocytes, neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils, and lymphocytes. Required for lung TNF-alpha production, neutrophil recruitment and subsequent lung injury and may function as an autocrine mediator for the macrophage production of TNF-alpha which in turn up-regulates vascular adhesion molecules required for neutrophil influx. This protein binds heparin.
Gene References into Functions
  1. The important chemokine macrophage inflammatory protein1alpha increases inflammatory responses and the secretion of inflammatory molecules from Kupffer cells, including tumor necrosis factoralpha, interleukin (IL)1beta and IL6. PMID: 28677732
  2. The present report demonstrates an increase in mRNA and protein levels in chemokines CCL3 and its receptor CCR5 in dorsal root ganglion in the rat model of remifentanil-induced hyperalgesia. Furthermore, the results pointed out that CCL3 and its receptor CCR5 might be implicated in remifentanil-induced hyperalgesia. PMID: 26550961
  3. Study shows that erythropoietin reduced chemokine CCL3 mRNA expression in rat cerebellar neuron-enriched preparations during neuroinflammation. PMID: 26178913
  4. The results of this study suggest a contribution of CCL3 in the spinal dorsal horn to paclitaxel-induced allodynia and may provide new therapeutic targets for paclitaxel-induced painful neuropathy. PMID: 25127716
  5. Expression levels of CCL3 in the spinal cord are up-regulated following nerve injury. PMID: 24589480
  6. NMDA-evoked neuronal injury differentially induces MIP-1alpha and MCP-1 production in microglia and astrocytes, respectively, through activation of different intracellular signaling pathways. PMID: 22791363
  7. Our data suggest that free radicals produced in CA1 neurons contribute to the recruitment and activation of microglia and neurodegeneration through MIP-1alpha expression. PMID: 18272692
  8. In this study we present data on long term increase in CCL3 mRNA expression and immunoreactivity following epileptogenic stimulus in a rat model of temporal lobe epilepsy. PMID: 21731074
  9. Data show significant concentration increases for CXCL1 and MIP-1alpha in the brain after soman-induced seizure onset. PMID: 21535896
  10. The active behavior of the MIP-1alpha gene in KCs following liver ischemia/reperfusion injury is assumed to be one of the major causes for the hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury. PMID: 16804970
  11. P2Y6 activation by uridine 5'-diphosphate induces Ccl2 and Ccl3 expression in primary cultured microglia, astrocytes, and brain slices from neonatal and adult rats. PMID: 21317391
  12. a massive amount of ATP molecules released in the glioma tumor site may act as the regulator with P2XR signaling that increases MIP-1alpha and MCP-1 expression in tumor-infiltrating microglia/macrophages. PMID: 21162127
  13. These results suggest that MIP-1alpha is directly involved in the neurodegeneration induced in rats by PVC-211 murine leukemia virus by recruiting macrophages/microglia from the periphery into regions of the brain that eventually become diseased. PMID: 21051067
  14. expression is regulated by nicotine in alveolar macrophages PMID: 12101081
  15. The constitutive patterns of MIP-1 alpha mRNA and protein expression are demonstrated in rat brain throughout postnatal development within local microenvironments where the postnatal cell migration phenomenon occurs. PMID: 12899200
  16. Oligodendroglia express the CCL3 receptor CCR1, but not CCR5. CCL3 induced an intracellular rise in Ca(2+), a typical signalling event of G protein-coupled receptors. PMID: 14583384

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Subcellular Location Secreted.
Protein Families Intercrine beta (chemokine CC) family
Database Links

KEGG: rno:25542

STRING: 10116.ENSRNOP00000015139

UniGene: Rn.10139

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