Recombinant Human Interleukin-36 alpha protein(IL36A) (Active)

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Code CSB-AP001921HU
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Product Details

Purity >95% as determined by SDS-PAGE and HPLC.
Endotoxin Less than 1.0 EU/μg as determined by LAL method.
Activity Fully biologically active when compared to standard. The specific activity determined by its ability in a functional ELISA. Immobilized rHuIL-36α at 1 ug/mL can bind recombinant human IL-1 Rrp2 Fc Chimera with a range of 0.15-5 ug/mL.
Target Names IL36A
Uniprot No. Q9UHA7
Research Area Immunology
Alternative Names FIL1; FIL1 epsilon; FIL1(EPSILON); FIL1E; IL 1 epsilon; IL 1F6; IL 1H1; IL-1 epsilon; IL-1F6; IL1E; IL1F6; IL1F6_HUMAN; IL1RP2; IL36 alpha; IL36A; Interleukin 1 epsilon; Interleukin 1 family member 6 (epsilon); Interleukin 1 family member 6; Interleukin 36 alpha; Interleukin-1 epsilon; Interleukin-1 family member 6; MGC129552; MGC129553; MGC151479; MGC151481; OTTMUSP00000012798; RP23-176J12.4
Species Homo sapiens (Human)
Source E.coli
Expression Region 1-158aa
Complete Sequence MEKALKIDTP QQGSIQDINH RVWVLQDQTL IAVPRKDRMS PVTIALISCR HVETLEKDRG NPIYLGLNGL NLCLMCAKVG DQPTLQLKEK DIMDLYNQPE PVKSFLFYHS QSGRNSTFES VAFPGWFIAV SSEGGCPLIL TQELGKANTT DFGLTMLF
Mol. Weight 17.7 kDa
Protein Length Full Length
Tag Info Tag-Free
Form Lyophilized powder
Buffer Lyophilized from a 0.2 µm filtered 2 × PBS, pH 7.4
Reconstitution We recommend that this vial be briefly centrifuged prior to opening to bring the contents to the bottom. Please reconstitute protein in deionized sterile water to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/mL.We recommend to add 5-50% of glycerol (final concentration) and aliquot for long-term storage at -20°C/-80°C. Our default final concentration of glycerol is 50%. Customers could use it as reference.
Troubleshooting
and FAQs
Protein FAQs
Storage Condition Store at -20°C upon receipt, aliquoting is necessary for mutiple use. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Shelf Life The shelf life is related to many factors, storage state, buffer ingredients, storage temperature and the stability of the protein itself.
Generally, the shelf life of liquid form is 6 months at -20°C/-80°C. The shelf life of lyophilized form is 12 months at -20°C/-80°C.
Lead Time Basically, we can dispatch the products out in 5-10 working days after receiving your orders. Delivery time may differ from different purchasing way or location, please kindly consult your local distributors for specific delivery time.
Notes Repeated freezing and thawing is not recommended. Store working aliquots at 4°C for up to one week.
Datasheet & COA Please contact us to get it.

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Target Data

Function Cytokine that binds to and signals through the IL1RL2/IL-36R receptor which in turn activates NF-kappa-B and MAPK signaling pathways in target cells linked to a pro-inflammatory response. Part of the IL-36 signaling system that is thought to be present in epithelial barriers and to take part in local inflammatory response; similar to the IL-1 system with which it shares the coreceptor IL1RAP. Seems to be involved in skin inflammatory response by acting on keratinocytes, dendritic cells and indirectly on T-cells to drive tissue infiltration, cell maturation and cell proliferation. In cultured keratinocytes induces the expression of macrophage, T-cell, and neutrophil chemokines, such as CCL3, CCL4, CCL5, CCL2, CCL17, CCL22, CL20, CCL5, CCL2, CCL17, CCL22, CXCL8, CCL20 and CXCL1, and the production of proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF-alpha, IL-8 and IL-6. In cultured monocytes upregulates expression of IL-1A, IL-1B and IL-6. In myeloid dendritic cells involved in cell maturation by upregulating surface expression of CD83, CD86 and HLA-DR. In monocyte-derived dendritic cells facilitates dendritic cell maturation and drives T-cell proliferation. May play a role in proinflammatory effects in the lung.
Gene References into Functions
  1. serum IL-36alpha levels were higher in active systemic lupus erythematosus patients and correlated with disease activity and arthritis PMID: 29571080
  2. Data suggest that interleukin-36alpha (IL-36alpha) plays an important role in the pathophysiology of inflammation and fibrosis in the pancreas via an autocrine function. PMID: 28099250
  3. The data identify a novel role for IL-36 signaling in colonic inflammation and indicate that the IL-36R pathway may represent a novel target for therapeutic intervention. PMID: 26813344
  4. IL-36a was displayed to be able to suppress the growth of epithelial ovarian cancer cells in our setting, which is suggestive of its druggable potential in curing the epithelial ovarian cancer and that upregulation of IL-36a was found to be capable of inhibiting the growth of epithelial ovarian cancer cells. PMID: 28621240
  5. Increased Expression of Interleukin-36 is associated with Inflammatory Bowel Disease. PMID: 26752465
  6. IL-36alpha acts as a pro-inflammatory cytokine at cartilage level, by increasing the expression of markers of inflammation and cartilage catabolism. PMID: 26560022
  7. Study shows that plasma concentrations of IL-36alpha and IL-36gamma are overexpressed in active systemic lupus erythematosus patients and that IL-36alpha has a substantial pro-inflammatory effect through regulation of IL-6 and CXCL8 production. PMID: 26516833
  8. increases maturation of monocyte-derived dendritic cells PMID: 25700962
  9. IL36A-IL36R axis is modulated in patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome. PMID: 25902739
  10. IL-36alpha was highly expressed in nearly half of all colorectal cancer patients. Low expression level of IL-36alpha correlated with larger tumor size and advanced cancer stage. Low expression of IL-36alpha resulted in a poor prognosis of colorectal cancer patients. PMID: 25550854
  11. Results show that IL-36alpha expression may play a pivotal role in determining the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). PMID: 24061617
  12. The novel cytokine interleukin-36alpha is expressed in psoriatic and rheumatoid arthritis synovium. PMID: 23268368
  13. Expression of IL-1F6 is increased in human plaque psoriasis skin and in the lesional skin of transgenic mice compared with monotransgenic littermates. PMID: 21242515
  14. A functional IL-6 polymorphism has been weakly associated with level of peak bone mineral density and the rate of forearm trabecular postmenopausal bone loss in a cohort of women. PMID: 12110411
  15. Dysregulated expression in transgenic mice can promote cutaneous inflammation, revealing potential novel targets for the treatment of inflammatory skin disorders. PMID: 17908936
  16. IL-1 epsilon, an interleukin-1 agonist, activates NF-kappa B through the orphan IL-1 receptor-related protein 2 and may constitute part of an independent signaling system present in human epithelial barriers. PMID: 11466363

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Subcellular Location Secreted
Protein Families IL-1 family
Tissue Specificity Expressed in immune system and fetal brain, but not in other tissues tested or in multiple hematopoietic cell lines. Predominantly expressed in skin keratinocytes but not in fibroblasts, endothelial cells or melanocytes. Increased in lesional psoriasis sk
Database Links

HGNC: 15562

OMIM: 605509

KEGG: hsa:27179

STRING: 9606.ENSP00000259211

UniGene: Hs.278910

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