HMGB1 Antibody, Biotin conjugated

Datasheet
Code CSB-PA010553YD01HU
Size US$299
Uniprot No. P09429
Protocols ELISA Protocol
Immunogen Recombinant Human High mobility group protein B1 protein (2-215AA)
Raised in Rabbit
Species Reactivity Human
Tested Applications ELISA
Relevance Multifunctional redox sensitive protein with various roles in different cellular compartments. In the nucleus is one of the major chromatin-associated non-histone proteins and acts as a DNA chaperone involved in replication, transcription, chromatin remodeling, V(D)J recombination, DNA repair and genome stability. Proposed to be an universal biosensor for nucleic acids. Promotes host inflammatory response to sterile and infectious signals and is involved in the coordination and integration of innate and adaptive immune responses. In the cytoplasm functions as sensor and/or chaperone for immunogenic nucleic acids implicating the activation of TLR9-mediated immune responses, and mediates autophagy. Acts as danger associated molecular pattern (DAMP) molecule that amplifies immune responses during tissue injury. Released to the extracellular environment can bind DNA, nucleosomes, IL-1 beta, CXCL12, AGER isoform 2/sRAGE, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and lipoteichoic acid (LTA), and activates cells through engagement of multiple surface receptors. In the extracellular compartment fully reduced HMGB1 (released by necrosis) acts as a chemokine, disulfide HMGB1 (actively secreted) as a cytokine, and sulfonyl HMGB1 (released from apoptotic cells) promotes immunological tolerance (PubMed:23519706, PubMed:23446148, PubMed:23994764, PubMed:25048472). Has proangiogdenic activity (By similarity). May be involved in platelet activation (By similarity). Binds to phosphatidylserine and phosphatidylethanolamide (By similarity). Bound to RAGE mediates signaling for neuronal outgrowth (By similarity). May play a role in accumulation of expanded polyglutamine (polyQ) proteins such as huntingtin (HTT) or TBP (PubMed:23303669, PubMed:25549101).
Form Liquid
Conjugate Biotin
Storage Buffer Preservative: 0.03% Proclin 300
Constituents: 50% Glycerol, 0.01M PBS, PH 7.4
Purification Method >95%, Protein G purified
Isotype IgG
Clonality Polyclonal
Alias High mobility group protein B1 (High mobility group protein 1) (HMG-1), HMGB1, HMG1
Immunogen Species Human
Research Area Epigenetics and Nuclear Signaling
Target Names HMGB1
Storage Upon receipt, store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid repeated freeze.
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Function Multifunctional redox sensitive protein with various roles in different cellular compartments. In the nucleus is one of the major chromatin-associated non-histone proteins and acts as a DNA chaperone involved in replication, transcription, chromatin remodeling, V(D)J recombination, DNA repair and genome stability. Proposed to be an universal biosensor for nucleic acids. Promotes host inflammatory response to sterile and infectious signals and is involved in the coordination and integration of innate and adaptive immune responses. In the cytoplasm functions as sensor and/or chaperone for immunogenic nucleic acids implicating the activation of TLR9-mediated immune responses, and mediates autophagy. Acts as danger associated molecular pattern (DAMP) molecule that amplifies immune responses during tissue injury
Subcellular Location Nucleus, Chromosome, Cytoplasm, Secreted, Cell membrane, Peripheral membrane protein, Extracellular side, Endosome, Endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment
Protein Families HMGB family
Tissue Specificity Ubiquituous. Expressed in platelets (PubMed:11154118).
Database Links

HGNC: 4983

OMIM: 163905

KEGG: hsa:3146

STRING: 9606.ENSP00000343040

UniGene: Hs.434102

Pathway Autophagy
Necroptosis
DNA repair pathway

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