TNFSF18 Antibody

Code CSB-PA891791ESR1HU
Size US$167Purchase it in Cusabio online store
(only available for customers from the US)
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  • Immunohistochemistry of paraffin-embedded human small intestine tissue using CSB-PA891791ESR1HU at dilution of 1:100

  • Immunohistochemistry of paraffin-embedded human liver tissue using CSB-PA891791ESR1HU at dilution of 1:100

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Product Details

Full Product Name Rabbit anti-Homo sapiens (Human) TNFSF18 Polyclonal antibody
Uniprot No. Q9UNG2
Target Names TNFSF18
Alternative Names Activation inducible TNF related ligand antibody; Activation-inducible TNF-related ligand antibody; AITR ligand antibody; AITRL antibody; GITR ligand antibody; GITRL antibody; Glucocorticoid induced TNF related ligand antibody; Glucocorticoid induced TNFR related protein ligand antibody; Glucocorticoid-induced TNF-related ligand antibody; hGITRL antibody; MGC138237 antibody; TL6 antibody; TNF18_HUMAN antibody; TNFSF18 antibody; TNLG2A antibody; Tumor necrosis factor (ligand) superfamily member 18 antibody; Tumor necrosis factor ligand 2A antibody; Tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 18 antibody
Raised in Rabbit
Species Reactivity Human
Immunogen Recombinant Human Tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 18 protein (72-199AA)
Immunogen Species Homo sapiens (Human)
Conjugate Non-conjugated
Clonality Polyclonal
Isotype IgG
Purification Method Antigen Affinity Purified
Concentration It differs from different batches. Please contact us to confirm it.
Buffer PBS with 0.02% sodium azide, 50% glycerol, pH7.3.
Form Liquid
Tested Applications ELISA, IHC
Recommended Dilution
Application Recommended Dilution
IHC 1:20-1:200
Protocols ELISA Protocol
Immunohistochemistry (IHC) Protocol
Troubleshooting and FAQs Antibody FAQs
Storage Upon receipt, store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid repeated freeze.
Lead Time Basically, we can dispatch the products out in 1-3 working days after receiving your orders. Delivery time maybe differs from different purchasing way or location, please kindly consult your local distributors for specific delivery time.

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Target Data

Function Cytokine that binds to TNFRSF18/AITR/GITR. Regulates T-cell responses. Can function as costimulator and lower the threshold for T-cell activation and T-cell proliferation. Important for interactions between activated T-lymphocytes and endothelial cells. Mediates activation of NF-kappa-B. Triggers increased phosphorylation of STAT1 and up-regulates expression of VCAM1 and ICAM1
Gene References into Functions
  1. GITRL levels are significantly elevated in rheumatoid arthritis serum and synovial fluid and are positively correlated with autoantibody production in rheumatoid arthritis, suggesting a role of GITRL in the development of rheumatoid arthritis. PMID: 27098050
  2. GITRL modulates the activities of p38 MAPK and STAT3 to promote Th17 cell differentiation in autoimmune arthritis. PMID: 26657118
  3. An increase in GITRL may impair the balance of Th17/Treg, and contribute to the pathopoiesis of Hashimoto's thyroiditis. PMID: 25429429
  4. Serum GITRL levels were higher in SLE patients. PMID: 23251213
  5. Glucocorticoid-induced TNF-related ligand (GITRL) confers pseudoexpression to tumor cells by platelets, which results in GITRL expression by megakaryocytes and their platelet progeny. PMID: 22649191
  6. observation suggests a link between cytokine-regulated keratinocyte GITRL expression and its role in inflammatory responses in AD PMID: 22417213
  7. GITRL upregulation induced by IFN-beta on dendritic cells downregulates CTLA-4 on regulatory T (Treg) cells, facilitating proliferation of anergic Treg cells in multiple sclerosis treatment of multiple sclerosis patients. PMID: 22112394
  8. GITRL expression on Kupffer cells may mediate acute rejection in liver transplantation PMID: 21693309
  9. The incorporation of an isoleucine zipper motif could markedly improve the costimulation of hsGITRL. PMID: 20228835
  10. Upregulation by proinflammatory cytokines suggests GITRL may play important role in ocular immunity. High level of constitutive GITRL expression on photoreceptor inner segments suggests photoreceptors participate in regulation of ocular inflammation. PMID: 15326137
  11. Regulates ossteoclasst genersation and substantiate the major role played by the endothelium in bone physiology. PMID: 16179414
  12. Using a GITRL-transfected cell line, we demonstrate that GITRL promotes NK cell cytotoxicity and IFN-gamma production. PMID: 16397134
  13. GITRL could be a potential candidate for regulation of the ocular immune privilege and the balance between immune privilege and inflammation PMID: 16874737
  14. Constitutive expression of GITRL by tumor cells diminishes natural killer cell antitumor immunity. PMID: 17360848
  15. although huGITRL is not capable of alleviating Treg suppression of responder T cells, huGITRL overexpression on monocyte-derived DC enhances their capacity to induce antigen-specific T cell responses PMID: 17449724
  16. These observations raise the possibility that the GITRL-mediated inflammatory activation of macrophages is involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases. PMID: 17602748
  17. Levels of AITRL were significantly increased in serum of breast cancer patients PMID: 17914571
  18. hGITRL ectodomain displays considerable self-association/dissociation in solution with a dynamic equilibrium between trimeric and monomeric forms over the range of protein concentrations studied. PMID: 18040044
  19. identify multiple oligomeric species of hGITRL that possess distinct kinetics of ERK activation. PMID: 18378892
  20. The strong correlation of tumor incidence and elevated soluble GITRL levels indicates that soluble GITRL is released from cancers in vivo, leading to impaired NK cell immunosurveillance of tumors PMID: 18689545

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Subcellular Location Cell membrane, Single-pass type II membrane protein
Protein Families Tumor necrosis factor family
Tissue Specificity Expressed at high levels in the small intestine, ovary, testis, kidney and endothelial cells.
Database Links

HGNC: 11932

OMIM: 603898

KEGG: hsa:8995

STRING: 9606.ENSP00000385470

UniGene: Hs.248197

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