GSK3B Antibody

Datasheet
Code CSB-PA939628
Product Type Polyclonal Antibody
Size US$297
Uniprot No. P49841
Image
  • Gel: 10%SDS-PAGE Lysates (from left to right): Human small intestine stromal cancer tissue Amount of lysate: 30μg per lane Primary antibody: 1/100 dilution Secondary antibody dilution: 1/8000 Exposure time: 5 minutes
Protocols ELISA Protocol
Western Blotting(WB) Protocol
Immunogen Synthetic peptide corresponding to a region derived from internal residues of Human glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta
Raised in Rabbit
Species Reactivity Human,Mouse,Rat
Specificity The antibody detects endogenous levels of total GSK3B protein.
Tested Applications ELISA,WB;WB:1:500-1:3000
Relevance The protein encoded by this gene is a serine-threonine kinase, belonging to the glycogen synthase kinase subfamily. It is involved in energy metabolism, neuronal cell development, and body pattern formation. Polymorphisms in this gene have been implicated in modifying risk of Parkinson disease, and studies in mice show that overexpression of this gene may be relevant to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.
Form Rabbit IgG in pH7.3 PBS, 0.05% NaN3, 50% Glycerol.
Purification Method Antigen Affinity Purified
Clonality Polyclonal
Alias GSK-3 beta; GSK3B; GSK3beta isoform
Immunogen Species Homo sapiens (Human)
Target Names GSK3B
Storage Upon receipt, store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid repeated freeze.
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Function Constitutively active protein kinase that acts as a negative regulator in the hormonal control of glucose homeostasis, Wnt signaling and regulation of transcription factors and microtubules, by phosphorylating and inactivating glycogen synthase (GYS1 or GYS2), EIF2B, CTNNB1/beta-catenin, APC, AXIN1, DPYSL2/CRMP2, JUN, NFATC1/NFATC, MAPT/TAU and MACF1. Requires primed phosphorylation of the majority of its substrates. In skeletal muscle, contributes to insulin regulation of glycogen synthesis by phosphorylating and inhibiting GYS1 activity and hence glycogen synthesis. May also mediate the development of insulin resistance by regulating activation of transcription factors. Regulates protein synthesis by controlling the activity of initiation factor 2B (EIF2BE/EIF2B5) in the same manner as glycogen synthase. In Wnt signaling, GSK3B forms a multimeric complex with APC, AXIN1 and CTNNB1/beta-catenin and phosphorylates the N-terminus of CTNNB1 leading to its degradation mediated by ubiquitin/proteasomes. Phosphorylates JUN at sites proximal to its DNA-binding domain, thereby reducing its affinity for DNA. Phosphorylates NFATC1/NFATC on conserved serine residues promoting NFATC1/NFATC nuclear export, shutting off NFATC1/NFATC gene regulation, and thereby opposing the action of calcineurin. Phosphorylates MAPT/TAU on 'Thr-548', decreasing significantly MAPT/TAU ability to bind and stabilize microtubules. MAPT/TAU is the principal component of neurofibrillary tangles in Alzheimer disease. Plays an important role in ERBB2-dependent stabilization of microtubules at the cell cortex. Phosphorylates MACF1, inhibiting its binding to microtubules which is critical for its role in bulge stem cell migration and skin wound repair. Probably regulates NF-kappa-B (NFKB1) at the transcriptional level and is required for the NF-kappa-B-mediated anti-apoptotic response to TNF-alpha (TNF/TNFA). Negatively regulates replication in pancreatic beta-cells, resulting in apoptosis, loss of beta-cells and diabetes. Through phosphorylation of the anti-apoptotic protein MCL1, may control cell apoptosis in response to growth factors deprivation. Phosphorylates MUC1 in breast cancer cells, decreasing the interaction of MUC1 with CTNNB1/beta-catenin. Is necessary for the establishment of neuronal polarity and axon outgrowth. Phosphorylates MARK2, leading to inhibit its activity. Phosphorylates SIK1 at 'Thr-182', leading to sustain its activity. Phosphorylates ZC3HAV1 which enhances its antiviral activity. Phosphorylates SNAI1, leading to its BTRC-triggered ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation. Phosphorylates SFPQ at 'Thr-687' upon T-cell activation. Phosphorylates NR1D1 st 'Ser-55' and 'Ser-59' and stabilizes it by protecting it from proteasomal degradation. Regulates the circadian clock via phosphorylation of the major clock components including ARNTL/BMAL1, CLOCK and PER2. Phosphorylates CLOCK AT 'Ser-427' and targets it for proteasomal degradation. Phosphorylates ARNTL/BMAL1 at 'Ser-17' and 'Ser-21' and primes it for ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation. Phosphorylates OGT at 'Ser-3' or 'Ser-4' which positively regulates its activity. Phosphorylates MYCN in neuroblastoma cells which may promote its degradation
Subcellular Location Cytoplasm, Nucleus, Cell membrane
Protein Families Protein kinase superfamily, CMGC Ser/Thr protein kinase family, GSK-3 subfamily
Tissue Specificity Expressed in testis, thymus, prostate and ovary and weakly expressed in lung, brain and kidney. Colocalizes with EIF2AK2/PKR and TAU in the Alzheimer disease (AD) brain.
Database Links

HGNC: 4617

OMIM: 605004

KEGG: hsa:2932

STRING: 9606.ENSP00000324806

UniGene: Hs.445733

Pathway Chemokine signaling pathway
ErbB signaling pathway
Hedgehog signaling pathway
Hippo signaling pathway
Melanogenesis
mTOR signaling pathway
PI3K-Akt signaling pathway
Wnt signaling pathway
Focal adhesion
Cell cycle
MAPK Erk pathway
Signaling pathways regulating pluripotency of stem cells
B cell receptor signaling pathway
IL-17 signaling pathway
T cell receptor signaling pathway
Insulin signaling pathway
Excitatory synapse pathway
Neurotrophin signaling pathway

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