Recombinant Human Cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (CDK1)

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Code CSB-EP361848HU
Size US$256
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  • (Tris-Glycine gel) Discontinuous SDS-PAGE (reduced) with 5% enrichment gel and 15% separation gel.
  • Based on the SEQUEST from database of E.coli host and target protein, the LC-MS/MS Analysis result of CSB-EP361848HU could indicate that this peptide derived from E.coli-expressed Homo sapiens (Human) CDK1.
  • Based on the SEQUEST from database of E.coli host and target protein, the LC-MS/MS Analysis result of CSB-EP361848HU could indicate that this peptide derived from E.coli-expressed Homo sapiens (Human) CDK1.
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Product Details

Greater than 85% as determined by SDS-PAGE.
Target Names
Uniprot No.
Research Area
Cell Biology
Alternative Names
Cdc 2; Cdc2; CDC28A; CDK 1; CDK1; CDK1_HUMAN; CDKN1; CELL CYCLE CONTROLLER CDC2; Cell division control protein 2; Cell division control protein 2 homolog; Cell division cycle 2 G1 to S and G2 to M; Cell division protein kinase 1; Cell Divsion Cycle 2 Protein; Cyclin Dependent Kinase 1; Cyclin-dependent kinase 1; DKFZp686L20222; MGC111195; p34 Cdk1; p34 protein kinase; P34CDC2
Homo sapiens (Human)
Expression Region
Target Protein Sequence
Note: The complete sequence including tag sequence, target protein sequence and linker sequence could be provided upon request.
Mol. Weight
38.1 kDa
Protein Length
Full Length
Tag Info
N-terminal 6xHis-tagged
Liquid or Lyophilized powder
Note: We will preferentially ship the format that we have in stock, however, if you have any special requirement for the format, please remark your requirement when placing the order, we will prepare according to your demand.
If the delivery form is liquid, the default storage buffer is Tris/PBS-based buffer, 5%-50% glycerol.
Note: If you have any special requirement for the glycerol content, please remark when you place the order.
If the delivery form is lyophilized powder, the buffer before lyophilization is Tris/PBS-based buffer, 6% Trehalose, pH 8.0.
We recommend that this vial be briefly centrifuged prior to opening to bring the contents to the bottom. Please reconstitute protein in deionized sterile water to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/mL.We recommend to add 5-50% of glycerol (final concentration) and aliquot for long-term storage at -20°C/-80°C. Our default final concentration of glycerol is 50%. Customers could use it as reference.
Troubleshooting and FAQs
Storage Condition
Store at -20°C/-80°C upon receipt, aliquoting is necessary for mutiple use. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Shelf Life
The shelf life is related to many factors, storage state, buffer ingredients, storage temperature and the stability of the protein itself.
Generally, the shelf life of liquid form is 6 months at -20°C/-80°C. The shelf life of lyophilized form is 12 months at -20°C/-80°C.
Lead Time
3-7 business days
Repeated freezing and thawing is not recommended. Store working aliquots at 4°C for up to one week.
Datasheet & COA
Please contact us to get it.

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Target Background

Plays a key role in the control of the eukaryotic cell cycle by modulating the centrosome cycle as well as mitotic onset; promotes G2-M transition, and regulates G1 progress and G1-S transition via association with multiple interphase cyclins. Required in higher cells for entry into S-phase and mitosis. Phosphorylates PARVA/actopaxin, APC, AMPH, APC, BARD1, Bcl-xL/BCL2L1, BRCA2, CALD1, CASP8, CDC7, CDC20, CDC25A, CDC25C, CC2D1A, CENPA, CSNK2 proteins/CKII, FZR1/CDH1, CDK7, CEBPB, CHAMP1, DMD/dystrophin, EEF1 proteins/EF-1, EZH2, KIF11/EG5, EGFR, FANCG, FOS, GFAP, GOLGA2/GM130, GRASP1, UBE2A/hHR6A, HIST1H1 proteins/histone H1, HMGA1, HIVEP3/KRC, LMNA, LMNB, LMNC, LBR, LATS1, MAP1B, MAP4, MARCKS, MCM2, MCM4, MKLP1, MYB, NEFH, NFIC, NPC/nuclear pore complex, PITPNM1/NIR2, NPM1, NCL, NUCKS1, NPM1/numatrin, ORC1, PRKAR2A, EEF1E1/p18, EIF3F/p47, p53/TP53, NONO/p54NRB, PAPOLA, PLEC/plectin, RB1, TPPP, UL40/R2, RAB4A, RAP1GAP, RCC1, RPS6KB1/S6K1, KHDRBS1/SAM68, ESPL1, SKI, BIRC5/survivin, STIP1, TEX14, beta-tubulins, MAPT/TAU, NEDD1, VIM/vimentin, TK1, FOXO1, RUNX1/AML1, SAMHD1, SIRT2 and RUNX2. CDK1/CDC2-cyclin-B controls pronuclear union in interphase fertilized eggs. Essential for early stages of embryonic development. During G2 and early mitosis, CDC25A/B/C-mediated dephosphorylation activates CDK1/cyclin complexes which phosphorylate several substrates that trigger at least centrosome separation, Golgi dynamics, nuclear envelope breakdown and chromosome condensation. Once chromosomes are condensed and aligned at the metaphase plate, CDK1 activity is switched off by WEE1- and PKMYT1-mediated phosphorylation to allow sister chromatid separation, chromosome decondensation, reformation of the nuclear envelope and cytokinesis. Inactivated by PKR/EIF2AK2- and WEE1-mediated phosphorylation upon DNA damage to stop cell cycle and genome replication at the G2 checkpoint thus facilitating DNA repair. Reactivated after successful DNA repair through WIP1-dependent signaling leading to CDC25A/B/C-mediated dephosphorylation and restoring cell cycle progression. In proliferating cells, CDK1-mediated FOXO1 phosphorylation at the G2-M phase represses FOXO1 interaction with 14-3-3 proteins and thereby promotes FOXO1 nuclear accumulation and transcription factor activity, leading to cell death of postmitotic neurons. The phosphorylation of beta-tubulins regulates microtubule dynamics during mitosis. NEDD1 phosphorylation promotes PLK1-mediated NEDD1 phosphorylation and subsequent targeting of the gamma-tubulin ring complex (gTuRC) to the centrosome, an important step for spindle formation. In addition, CC2D1A phosphorylation regulates CC2D1A spindle pole localization and association with SCC1/RAD21 and centriole cohesion during mitosis. The phosphorylation of Bcl-xL/BCL2L1 after prolongated G2 arrest upon DNA damage triggers apoptosis. In contrast, CASP8 phosphorylation during mitosis prevents its activation by proteolysis and subsequent apoptosis. This phosphorylation occurs in cancer cell lines, as well as in primary breast tissues and lymphocytes. EZH2 phosphorylation promotes H3K27me3 maintenance and epigenetic gene silencing. CALD1 phosphorylation promotes Schwann cell migration during peripheral nerve regeneration. CDK1-cyclin-B complex phosphorylates NCKAP5L and mediates its dissociation from centrosomes during mitosis. Regulates the amplitude of the cyclic expression of the core clock gene ARNTL/BMAL1 by phosphorylating its transcriptional repressor NR1D1, and this phosphorylation is necessary for SCF(FBXW7)-mediated ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of NR1D1. Phosphorylates EML3 at 'Thr-881' which is essential for its interaction with HAUS augmin-like complex and TUBG1.; (Microbial infection) Acts as a receptor for hepatitis C virus (HCV) in hepatocytes and facilitates its cell entry.
Gene References into Functions
  1. Our results indicate that MCM7 may exert certain functions on spindle formation to prevent cytokinesis during early mitosis by regulating CDK1 activity. PMID: 28588300
  2. Results demonstrated that CDK1 was increased in human breast cancer and promotes cell proliferation and cell cycle in breast cancer cell lines. PMID: 30272324
  3. A CDK1-dependent regulation of the WRN-DNA2-mediated resection and identify a new function of WRN as a DSB repair pathway switch are reported. PMID: 27634057
  4. High CDK1 expression is associated with HIV-1 infection. PMID: 29084722
  5. the miR-181a was down-regulated in NSCLC and miR-181a inhibited the cell proliferation by regulating CDK1 expression. PMID: 28946554
  6. Thus, Cyclin A/Cdk1 phosphorylation primes MYPT1 for Plk1 binding. These data demonstrate cross-regulation between Cyclin A/Cdk1-dependent and Plk1-dependent phosphorylation of substrates during mitosis to ensure efficient correction of kinetochore microtubule attachment errors necessary for high mitotic fidelity. PMID: 29154753
  7. It has been suggested that through interaction with miR-490-3p DLEU1 may influence the expression of CDK1, CCND1 and SMARCD1 protein, subsequently promoting the development and progression of ovarian carcinoma. PMID: 28598010
  8. The present study suggested that abnormal activation of CDK1 was implicated in the proliferation and apoptosis regulation of ovarian cancer cells, which might due to the aberrant regulations of the upstream Chk1-CDC25C and P53-P21WAF1 signaling pathway. PMID: 28899430
  9. CDK1-mediated mitotic phosphorylation of PDZ-binding kinase is involved in cytokinesis and inhibits its oncogenic activity. PMID: 28780319
  10. DNM2 is a substrate for CDK1-dependent phosphorylation, which plays an important role in the regulation of human sperm acrosomal exocytosis. PMID: 29044420
  11. These findings suggest that Cdc2 is positively associatd with the development of taxol resistance. The Cdc2 inhibitor, purvalanol A, enhanced the cytotoxic effects of taxol through Op18/stathmin. PMID: 28534969
  12. With tissue microarrays of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients, we determined the prognostic values of the core genes in the network and found that RAD21, CDK1, and HDAC2 expression levels were negatively associated with overall survival for HCC patients. The multivariate Cox regression analyses suggested that CDK1 was an independent prognostic factor, which was validated in an independent case cohort. PMID: 28434945
  13. this study shows that CDK1 is a prognostic biomarker for lung adenocarcinoma PMID: 27835911
  14. cytoplasmic Cdk1 expression is elevated in ovarian cancer and predicts a poor overall survival PMID: 27385216
  15. findings demonstrate the involvement of consensus Cdk1 phosphorylation sites on Mis18 complex assembly and thus provide a rationale for cell cycle-regulated timing of Mis18 assembly and CENP-A deposition PMID: 28377371
  16. S130 of p21 is phosphorylated by Cdk1/cyclin B1 during mitosis, which reduces p21's stability and binding affinity to Cdk1/cyclin B1 PMID: 27384476
  17. Findings suggest that mitotic CDK1-directed phosphorylation of delta-4E-BP1 may yield a gain of function, distinct from translation regulation, that may be important in tumorigenesis and mitotic centrosome function. PMID: 27402756
  18. The authors demonstrate that CDK1 controls Mis18 complex recruitment to centromeres by regulating oligomerization of M18BP1 through the Mis18alpha:Mis18beta scaffold. PMID: 28059702
  19. These data show that complementary mechanisms, such as mother-daughter centriole proximity and CDK1-CyclinB interaction with centriolar components, ensure that centriole biogenesis occurs once and only once per cell cycle, raising parallels to the cell-cycle regulation of DNA replication and centromere formation. PMID: 27112295
  20. Residual Cdk1/Cdk2 activity after DNA damage promotes cell senescence. PMID: 28345297
  21. evidence that CDK1/2 participate in the regulation of constitutive pre-mRNA splicing by EGF stimulation in MDA-MB-468 cells. PMID: 27109354
  22. our study demonstrate that KCTD12 binds to CDC25B and activates CDK1 and Aurora A to facilitate the G2/M transition and promote tumorigenesis and that Aurora A phosphorylates KCTD12 at serine 243 to trigger a positive feedback loop, thereby potentiating the effects of KCTD12. Thus, the KCTD12-CDC25B-CDK1-Aurora A axis has important implications for cancer diagnoses and prognoses. PMID: 28869606
  23. FOXM1 may play a central role in the skp2-cdk1 loop driving tumor progression. PMID: 27684411
  24. TRAP1 is relevant in the control of key cell cycle regulators in tumor cells. TRAP1/TBP7 quality control of CDK1 and MAD2 contributes mechanistically to the regulation of mitotic entry and transit. PMID: 28678347
  25. The Vgll4 is phosphorylated in vitro and in vivo by cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (CDK1) during antimitotic drug-induced mitotic arrest and also in normal mitosis. PMID: 28739871
  26. Results suggest that the cyclin-dependent kinase I (CDK1) phosphotyrosine (pTyr15) protein is a potential indicator of the progression of colorectal cancer. PMID: 27383761
  27. These results suggest that inhibition of CDK-1 in G2 causes unpredicted effects in mitosis, even after CDK-1 inhibition is relieved. PMID: 27281342
  28. Date show that when Wee1 alone is inhibited, Chk1 suppresses CDC45 loading and thereby limits the extent of unscheduled replication initiation and subsequent S-phase DNA damage, despite very high CDK-activity. PMID: 28030798
  29. CDK1 is a positive regulator of the IFN signaling pathway. The overexpression of CDK1 might contribute to the abnormally amplified type I IFN signaling in systemic lupus erythematosus. PMID: 26663909
  30. the mechanism of Plk1 activation and the potential role of Bora phosphorylation by Cdk1, is reported. PMID: 27831827
  31. The data presented here suggest that the temporal separation of pro- and anti-apoptotic pathways by selective inhibition of CDK2 disrupts coherent signaling modules and may synergize with anti-proliferative drugs, averting toxic side effects from CDK1 inhibition. PMID: 27831832
  32. Study greatly increases the known substrate space of Cdk1 and adds to the understanding of how mitotic progression is regulated by Cdk1-dependent phosphorylation pathways. PMID: 27134283
  33. periodic phosphorylation of Ku70 by cyclin-cyclin dependent kinases prevents the interaction of Ku with replication origin after initiation events in S-phase. PMID: 27402161
  34. inhibition of sumoylation increases the activity of CDK1. PMID: 27520372
  35. Cdk1-induced desmin phosphorylation is required for efficient separation of desmin-IFs and generally detected in muscular mitotic cells in vivo. PMID: 27565725
  36. the level of Cdc6 phosphorylation at serine 54 (S54P) was increased in E7-expressing cells. S54P was associated with an increase in the total amount of Cdc6 and chromatin-bound Cdc6. DNA damage-enhanced upregulation and chromatin binding of Cdc6 appeared to be due to downregulation of cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (Cdk1) as Cdk1 knockdown increased Cdc6 levels PMID: 27207654
  37. The data support a model where Cdc7 (de)phosphorylation is the molecular switch for the activation and inactivation of DNA replication in mitosis, directly connecting Cdc7 and PP1a/Cdk1 to the regulation of once-per-cell cycle DNA replication in mammalian cells. PMID: 27105124
  38. The Hippo signaling pathway was significantly associated with ER-negative breast cancer (pathway level P = 0.02). Gene-based analyses revealed that CDH1 was responsible for the pathway association (P < 0.01),corrected P = 0.02). rs142697907 in PTPN14 was associated with ER-positive breast cancer and rs2456773 in CDK1 with ER-negativity in case-only analysis after gene-level correction PMID: 27485598
  39. colon cancer-associated transcript 1/miR-490-3p/cyclin-dependent kinase 1 regulatory pathway promotes the progression of hepatocellular carcinoma. PMID: 28381168
  40. our results suggest that alteration of CDK1 expression on both mRNA and protein level probably appears on the very early step of carcinogenesis in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma PMID: 26912061
  41. Ajuba is phosphorylated in vitro and in vivo by cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (CDK1) at Ser(119) and Ser(175) during the G2/M phase of the cell cycle PMID: 27226586
  42. These results reveal a crucial and conserved role of phosphorylation of the N terminus of Bora for Plk1 activation and mitotic entry. PMID: 27068477
  43. Aurora B may prefer Cdk1-phosphorylated Sororin as a substrate. PMID: 26177583
  44. we discovered a novel mechanism mediated by Smad4 to trigger 5-FU chemosensitivity through cell cycle arrest by inhibiting the PI3K/Akt/CDC2/survivin cascade. PMID: 26647806
  45. These findings indicate that NSun2-mediated mRNA methylation regulates p27 and CDK1 levels during replicative senescence. PMID: 26687548
  46. FGFR1 contributes to cell proliferation in osteosarcoma MG63 cells, and FGFR1 mediated cell proliferation may be attributed to the regulation of the cell cycle regulator, CDK1. PMID: 26648125
  47. that leukemia-associated Rho guanine-nucleotide exchange factor can be directly phosphorylated by cyclin-dependent kinase 1 PMID: 26483157
  48. These results demonstrate a which CDK1 boosts mitochondrial bioenergetics to meet the increased cellular fuel demand for DNA repair and cell survival under genotoxic stress conditions PMID: 26670043
  49. CDK1 plays a comprehensive role in mediating genetic networks implicated in the progression of cervical cancer. PMID: 25786624
  50. Aurora B and CDK1 temporally regulate the binding affinity of EB2 for microtubules, thereby ensuring kinetochore microtubule dynamics, proper mitotic progression and genome stability. PMID: 27030108

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Subcellular Location
Nucleus. Cytoplasm. Mitochondrion. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, microtubule organizing center, centrosome. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, spindle. Note=Cytoplasmic during the interphase. Colocalizes with SIRT2 on centrosome during prophase and on splindle fibers during metaphase of the mitotic cell cycle. Reversibly translocated from cytoplasm to nucleus when phosphorylated before G2-M transition when associated with cyclin-B1. Accumulates in mitochondria in G2-arrested cells upon DNA-damage.
Protein Families
Protein kinase superfamily, CMGC Ser/Thr protein kinase family, CDC2/CDKX subfamily
Tissue Specificity
Isoform 2 is found in breast cancer tissues.
Database Links

HGNC: 1722

OMIM: 116940

KEGG: hsa:983

STRING: 9606.ENSP00000378699

UniGene: Hs.732435

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