||Receptor tyrosine kinase binding ligands of the EGF family and activating several signaling cascades to convert extracellular cues into appropriate cellular responses. Known ligands include EGF, TGFA/TGF-alpha, amphiregulin, epigen/EPGN, BTC/betacellulin, epiregulin/EREG and HBEGF/heparin-binding EGF. Ligand binding triggers receptor homo- and/or heterodimerization and autophosphorylation on key cytoplasmic residues. The phosphorylated receptor recruits adapter proteins like GRB2 which in turn activates complex downstream signaling cascades. Activates at least 4 major downstream signaling cascades including the RAS-RAF-MEK-ERK, PI3 kinase-AKT, PLCgamma-PKC and STATs modules. May also activate the NF-kappa-B signaling cascade. Also directly phosphorylates other proteins like RGS16, activating its GTPase activity and probably coupling the EGF receptor signaling to the G protein-coupled receptor signaling. Also phosphorylates MUC1 and increases its interaction with SRC and CTNNB1/beta-catenin. Plays a role in enhancing learning and memory performance (By similarity).
|Involvement in disease
||Lung cancer (LNCR); Inflammatory skin and bowel disease, neonatal, 2 (NISBD2)
||Cell membrane, Single-pass type I membrane protein, Endoplasmic reticulum membrane, Single-pass type I membrane protein, Golgi apparatus membrane, Single-pass type I membrane protein, Nucleus membrane, Single-pass type I membrane protein, Endosome, Endosome membrane, Nucleus
||Protein kinase superfamily, Tyr protein kinase family, EGF receptor subfamily
||Ubiquitously expressed. Isoform 2 is also expressed in ovarian cancers.