Mouse Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony Stimulating Factor,GM-CSF ELISA Kit

Code CSB-E04569m
Size 96T,5×96T,10×96T
Trial Size 24T ELISA kits trial application
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Product Details


This rat GM-CSF ELISA Kit is suitable for qualitatively determining GM-CSF concentrations in multiple biological fluids, including rat serum, plasma, and tissue homogenates in vitro. GM-CSF, also called CSF2, is a growth factor that induces the differentiation and proliferation of myeloid progenitors in the bone marrow. It also exerts a cytokine effect in chronic inflammatory diseases by stimulating the activation and migration of myeloid cells to inflammation sites, promoting the survival of target cells, and stimulating the renewal of effector granulocytes and macrophages. GM-CSF-CSFR2 signaling activates PI3K and JAK/STAT-Bcl-2 signaling pathways thus inducing cell differentiation and promoting cell survival. Imbalanced GM-CSF production or dysregulated GM-CSF signaling may cause harmful inflammatory conditions such as multiple sclerosis (MS) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

This kit uses the quantitative sandwich-based enzyme immunoassay technique to measure the amount of rat GM-CSF in the sample. Standards and samples are respectively added to the microplate wells pre-coated with an anti-rat GM-CSF antibody. Biotin-labeled GM-CSF antibody, HRP-avidin, and TMB substrate are pipped into the microplate in turn. The capture antibody pre-coated on the plate captures the GM-CSF in the rat samples. GM-CSF binds to the biotinylated anti-rat GM-CSF monoclonal antibody. And the biotin on the biotinylated anti-rat GM-CSF monoclonal antibody binds to the avidin on the enzyme label, forming immune complexes. The color renders blue after the addition of the TMB substrate. The addition of the stop solution into the wells immediately turns the blue into yellow. The concentration of GM-CSF in the samples is directly proportional to OD (450nm). Each manufactured lot of this ELISA kit was quality tested for criteria such as sensitivity, specificity, precision, linearity, and lot-to-lot consistency.

Target Name colony stimulating factor 2 (granulocyte-macrophage)
Alternative Names Csf2 ELISA Kit; Csfgm ELISA Kit; Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor ELISA Kit; GM-CSF ELISA Kit; Colony-stimulating factor ELISA Kit; CSF ELISA Kit
Abbreviation CSF2
Uniprot No. P01587
Species Mus musculus (Mouse)
Sample Types serum, plasma, tissue homogenates
Detection Range 15.6 pg/mL-1000 pg/mL
Sensitivity 3.9 pg/mL
Assay Time 1-5h
Sample Volume 50-100ul
Detection Wavelength 450 nm
Research Area Immunology
Assay Principle quantitative
Measurement Sandwich
Intra-assay Precision (Precision within an assay): CV%<8%
Three samples of known concentration were tested twenty times on one plate to assess.
Inter-assay Precision (Precision between assays): CV%<10%
Three samples of known concentration were tested in twenty assays to assess.
To assess the linearity of the assay, samples were spiked with high concentrations of mouse GM-CSF in various matrices and diluted with the Sample Diluent to produce samples with values within the dynamic range of the assay.
1:1Average %93
Range %88-100
1:2Average %94
Range %84-104
1:4Average %92
Range %87-96
1:8Average %90
Range %83-99
The recovery of mouse GM-CSF spiked to levels throughout the range of the assay in various matrices was evaluated. Samples were diluted prior to assay as directed in the Sample Preparation section.
Sample TypeAverage % RecoveryRange
Serum (n=5) 9483-103
EDTA plasma (n=4)9689-105
Typical Data
These standard curves are provided for demonstration only. A standard curve should be generated for each set of samples assayed.
10002.762 2.856 2.809 2.633
5002.190 2.223 2.207 2.031
2501.411 1.435 1.423 1.247
1250.845 0.856 0.851 0.675
62.50.556 0.561 0.559 0.383
31.20.378 0.382 0.380 0.204
15.60.254 0.269 0.262 0.086
00.175 0.176 0.176  
ELISA Data Analysis Watch ELISA data processing video & download Curve Expert if needed
and FAQs
Storage Store at 2-8°C. Please refer to protocol.
Lead Time 3-5 working days

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Could you please provide the following information about this kit?
a. The detection range of the current lot.
b. Capture antibody or capture antigen
b. Detection antibody (if applicable)
c. Standard – if recombinant protein, please specify sequence (including species source and accession no. if available) and expression host.

Thanks for your inquiry.
This kit is designed against full length. Pls refer to:
Capture antibody is rat monoclonal antibody and detection antibody is goat polyclonal antibody.
Standard is 293 cell-derived recombinant protein.

Target Background

(From Uniprot)
Cytokine that stimulates the growth and differentiation of hematopoietic precursor cells from various lineages, including granulocytes, macrophages, eosinophils and erythrocytes.
Gene References into Functions
  1. Data show that the microbiota enhances respiratory defenses via granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) signaling, which stimulates pathogen killing and clearance by alveolar macrophages PMID: 29142211
  2. The data indicate that GM-CSF drives chronic tissue damage and disability in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis via pleiotropic pathways, but it is dispensable during early lesion formation and the onset of neurologic deficits. PMID: 29288202
  3. the release of IL-33 and GM-CSF from epithelial cells induces the activation of p65 and the p38-MK2/3 signaling module in Dendritic Cells, resulting in Th2 polarization and, finally, allergic inflammation. PMID: 29288203
  4. results show T cell production of GM-CSF contributes to control of M. tuberculosis infection in the absence of other sources of GM-CSF, that multiple T cell subsets make GM-CSF in the lung over the course of infection and that GM-CSF can act directly on infected macrophages through a pathway requiring PPARgamma to limit bacterial growth PMID: 29066547
  5. In conclusion, our study confirms the pathogenic role of GM-CSF in colitis-associated colorectal cancer development. GM-CSF favors tumor-permissive microenvironment by inducing MDSC generation and recruiting them into colonic tissues. PMID: 28534709
  6. these data demonstrate that GM-CSF levels during radiotherapy can be used as a prognostic biomarker for lung and esophageal cancer PMID: 27835886
  7. this study demonstrates that epithelial-derived GM-CSF is a critical early signal during allergic sensitization to cockroach allergen PMID: 27731325
  8. These impaired macrophage functions in leukemic mice were significantly corrected by IL-3 and GM-CSF treatment indicating the therapeutic benefit of these two cytokines in leukemia. PMID: 28039843
  9. Both IL-6 protein production and transcript levels were downregulated by RA in respiratory tract epithelial cells (LETs) , but upregulated in macrophages (MACs). RA also increased transcript levels of MCP-1, GMCSF, and IL-10 in MACs, but not in LETs. Conversely, when LETs, but not MACs, were exposed to RA PMID: 27940088
  10. T-GM-CSF and -IL-3 significantly, and reciprocally, blunted receptor binding and myeloid progenitor cell proliferation activity of both FL-GM-CSF and -IL-3 in vitro and in vivo PMID: 28344320
  11. Results indicate GM-CSF as both a key contributor to the pathogenesis of MI and a potential therapeutic target. PMID: 28978634
  12. Obesity alters the lung neutrophil infiltration to enhance breast cancer metastasis through IL5 and GM-CSF. PMID: 28737771
  13. GM-CSF is required for the normal balance of leukocyte subsets, including granulocytes, B cells, and naive vs. effector T cells. There was an approximately 3-fold increase in the percentages of granulocytes in Csf2-/- PBMCs. The presence of maximal experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in the complete absence of GM-CSF revealed that GM-CSF is not an obligate effector molecule in all forms of EAE. PMID: 27256565
  14. chemerin inhibited nuclear factor-kappaB activation and the expression of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and interleukin-2 (IL-6) by tumor cells and tumor-associated endothelial cell, respectively, via its receptors, and consequently, MDSC induction was impaired, leading to restoration of antitumor T-cell response and decreased tumor angiogenesis. PMID: 28166197
  15. These findings describe a novel role for GM-CSF as an essential initiating cytokine in cardiac inflammation. PMID: 27595596
  16. Data reviewed establish that any damage to brain tissue tends to cause an increase in G-CSF and/or GM-CSF (G(M)-CSF) synthesized by the brain. Glioblastoma cells themselves also synthesize G(M)-CSF. G(M)-CSF synthesized by brain due to damage by a growing tumor and by the tumor itself stimulates bone marrow to shift hematopoiesis toward granulocytic lineages away from lymphocytic lineages. PMID: 28459367
  17. Evi1(+)DA-3 cells modified to express an intracellular form of GM-CSF, acquired growth factor independence and transplantability and caused an overt leukemia in syngeneic hosts, without increasing serum GM-CSF levels. PMID: 25907616
  18. IL-23-induced GM-CSF mediates the pathogenicity of CD4(+) T cells in experimental autoimmune myocarditis. PMID: 26660726
  19. GM-CSF accelerated the G1/S phase transition in EPCs by upregulating the expression of cyclins D1 and E. PMID: 24662605
  20. host RNF13 affects the concentration of GM-CSF in tumor-bearing lungs PMID: 26197965
  21. Sc CW-derived BG stimulated the late and strong expression of Csf2 in a dectin-1-dependent manner, they remain poor inducers of chemokine and cytokine production in murine macrophages. PMID: 26840954
  22. GM-CSF and uPA are required for Porphyromonas gingivalis-induced alveolar bone loss in a mouse periodontitis model. PMID: 25753270
  23. These findings identify GM-CSF as central to the protective immune response that prevents progressive fungal disease PMID: 26755822
  24. regulatory molecule causative of aortic dissection and intramural haematoma PMID: 25923510
  25. Results indicate that granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) signaling controls a pathogenic expression signature in CC chemokine receptors 2 (CCR2+)Ly6C(hi) monocytes. PMID: 26341401
  26. TL1A increases expression of CD25, LFA-1, CD134 and CD154, and induces IL-22 and GM-CSF production from effector CD4 T-cells PMID: 25148371
  27. Mafb-deficient microglia cultured with GM-CSF barely extended their membrane protrusions, probably due to abnormal activation of RhoA, a key regulator of cytoskeletal remodeling. MafB is a negative regulator of GM-CSF signaling in microglia. PMID: 25998393
  28. Csf2-/- mice showed a 30% increase in whole body adiposity, which persisted to adulthood. Adipocytes from Csf2-/- mice were 50% larger by volume and contained higher levels of adipogenesis gene transcripts, indicating enhanced adipocyte differentiation. PMID: 25931125
  29. Renal ischemia reperfusion injury tubular cells expressed elevated GM-0CSF, that supports tubular cells proliferation. PMID: 25388222
  30. GM-CSF is key to the development of experimental osteoarthritis and its associated pain. PMID: 22995428
  31. Loss of encephalitogenic activity of STAT5-deficient autoreactive CD4+ T cells was independent of IFN-gamma or IL-17 production, but was due to the impaired expression of GM-CSF, a crucial mediator of T-cell pathogenicity. PMID: 25412660
  32. These data indicate that GM-CSF plays a role in the inflammatory signaling network that drives neutrophil recruitment in response to Clostridium difficile infection but does not appear to play a role in clearance of the infection. PMID: 25045999
  33. IRF8 represses GM-CSF expression in T cells to affect myeloid cell lineage differentiation. PMID: 25646302
  34. Reprogramming of monocytes by GM-CSF contributes to regulatory immune functions during intestinal inflammation. PMID: 25653427
  35. GM-CSF promotes advanced plaque progression by increasing macrophage apoptosis susceptibility. PMID: 25348165
  36. although iTreg cells maintained the ability to produce IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha in vivo, their ability to produce GM-CSF was selectively degraded upon antigen stimulation under inflammatory conditions. PMID: 25168419
  37. IFN-gamma has a pprotective role in the demyelination of brain through downregulation of IL-17/GM-CSF and induction of neuroprotective factors in the brain by monocytes/microglial cells. PMID: 25339670
  38. Expression of PPAR-gamma in fetal lung monocytes was dependent on the cytokine GM-CSF. Therefore, GM-CSF has a lung-specific role in the perinatal development of alveolar macrophages through the induction of PPAR-gamma in fetal monocytes. PMID: 25263125
  39. These novel findings indicate that the inflammatory mediator, GM-CSF, may have significant protective properties in the chronic sequelae of experimental Traumatic brain injury PMID: 24392832
  40. Airway infections and pollutants increase the susceptibility to develop allergic asthma through a GM-CSF/IL-33/OX40L pathway. PMID: 24551140
  41. Data indicate that neutralization of GM-CSF would be a useful therapeutic strategy for severe connective tissue diseases (CTD)-interstitial lung disease (ILD). PMID: 24951817
  42. Data indicate that lung epithelium-derived GM-CSF is a critical regulator of CD11b+ dendritic cells (DCs)-mediated Th2 cell priming. PMID: 24943219
  43. Bhlhe40 is required positively regulates the production of GM-CSF and negatively regulates the production of IL-10 in T cells. PMID: 24699451
  44. Report IL-18 plus GM-CSF modified tumor cell vaccine can induce significant antitumor effects in Lewis lung carcinoma. PMID: 24475975
  45. Data indicate that in type 1 diabetes monocytes STAT5Ptyr activation is significantly higher and is found bound to CSF2 promoter and PTGS2 enhancer regions. PMID: 24204704
  46. Data indicate that GM-CSF controls IgM production in innate response activator B cells. PMID: 24821911
  47. our findings suggest that over-production of GM-CSF by T cells could be a pathogenic factor in many histiocytic disorders PMID: 24183847
  48. that p52 binds to the promoter of the GM-CSF-encoding gene (Csf2) and cooperates with c-Rel in the transactivation of this target gene. PMID: 24899500
  49. GM-SCF, IL-21 and Rae1 expression, alone or in combination, induces a cellular immune response against H22 tumor cells. PMID: 24350772
  50. Data indicate that GM-CSF knockout mice exhibit a unique mix of M1-M2 macrophage phenotypes inalveolar macrophages. PMID: 24044676

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Subcellular Location Secreted.
Protein Families GM-CSF family
Database Links

KEGG: mmu:12981

STRING: 10090.ENSMUSP00000019060

UniGene: Mm.4922

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