TNF Antibody

Datasheet
Code CSB-PA023955KA01HU
Product Type Rabbit Anti Human PolyClonal Antibody
Size US$398
Uniprot No. P01375
Image
  • Western blot analysis of extracts of Hela and NIH3T3 cells, using TNFα antibody.
Protocols ELISA Protocol
Western Blotting(WB) Protocol
Immunohistochemistry (IHC) Protocol
Immunogen C term -peptide of Human SFPQ
Raised in Rabbit
Species Reactivity Human,Mouse,Rat
Tested Applications ELISA,WB,IHC;WB:1:1000-1:2000,IHC:1:50-1:100
Relevance TNF-α, the prototypical member of the TNF protein superfamily, is a homotrimeric type-II membrane protein. Membrane-bound TNF-α is cleaved by the metalloprotease TACE/ADAM17 to generate a soluble homotrimer. Both membrane and soluble forms of TNF-α are biologically active. TNF-α is produced by a variety of immune cells including T cells, B cells, NK cells, and macrophages. Cellular response to TNF-α is mediated through interaction with receptors TNF-R1 and TNF-R2 and results in activation of pathways that favor both cell survival and apoptosis depending on the cell type and biological context. Activation of kinase pathways (including JNK, Erk (p44/42), p38 MAPK, and NF-κB) promotes the survival of cells, while TNF-α-mediated activation of caspase-8 leads to programmed cell death. TNF-α plays a key regulatory role in inflammation and host defense against bacterial infection, notably Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The role of TNF-α in autoimmunity is underscored by blocking TNF-α action to treat rheumatoid arthritis and Crohn’s disease.
Storage Buffer Store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid freeze / thaw cycles. Buffer: PBS with 0.02% sodium azide, 50% glycerol, pH7.3.
Purification Method Affinity purification
Isotype IgG
Alias TNF ; TNFSF2; DIF; Tumor necrosis factor; TNF a; TNF alpha
Immunogen Species Homo sapiens (Human)
Research Area Immunology
Intended Use For research use only. Not for human, diagnostic or therapeutic use.
Target Names TNF
Storage Upon receipt, store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid repeated freeze.
Target Details This gene encodes a multifunctional proinflammatory cytokine that belongs to the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) superfamily. This cytokine is mainly secreted by macrophages. It can bind to, and thus functions through its receptors TNFRSF1A/TNFR1 and TNFRSF1B/TNFBR. This cytokine is involved in the regulation of a wide spectrum of biological processes including cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, lipid metabolism, and coagulation. This cytokine has been implicated in a variety of diseases, including autoimmune diseases, insulin resistance, and cancer. Knockout studies in mice also suggested the neuroprotective function of this cytokine.
HGNC 11935
RGD 708418
MGI 88337
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Function Cytokine that binds to TNFRSF1A/TNFR1 and TNFRSF1B/TNFBR. It is mainly secreted by macrophages and can induce cell death of certain tumor cell lines. It is potent pyrogen causing fever by direct action or by stimulation of interleukin-1 secretion and is implicated in the induction of cachexia, Under certain conditions it can stimulate cell proliferation and induce cell differentiation. Impairs regulatory T-cells (Treg) function in individuals with rheumatoid arthritis via FOXP3 dephosphorylation. Upregulates the expression of protein phosphatase 1 (PP1), which dephosphorylates the key 'Ser-418' residue of FOXP3, thereby inactivating FOXP3 and rendering Treg cells functionally defective
Involvement in disease Psoriatic arthritis (PSORAS)
Subcellular Location Cell membrane, Single-pass type II membrane protein, SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Tumor necrosis factor, membrane form: Membrane, Single-pass type II membrane protein, SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Tumor necrosis factor, soluble form: Secreted, SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: C-domain 1: Secreted, SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: C-domain 2: Secreted
Protein Families Tumor necrosis factor family
Database Links

HGNC: 11892

OMIM: 191160

KEGG: hsa:7124

STRING: 9606.ENSP00000398698

UniGene: Hs.241570

Pathway MAPK signaling pathway
mTOR signaling pathway
TGF-beta signaling pathway
NF-kappa B signaling pathway
TNF signaling pathway
Apoptosis
Necroptosis
Antigen processing and presentation
Fc epsilon RI signaling pathway
Hematopoietic cell lineage
IL-17 signaling pathway
Natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity
NOD-like receptor signaling pathway
Osteoclast differentiation
T cell receptor signaling pathway
Toll-like receptor signaling pathway
Adipocytokine signaling pathway
AGE-RAGE signaling pathway in diabetic complications
Inflammatory Pain

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