CD274

Programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1), also known as B7-H1 and CD274, is the ligand of PD-1. In human, the PD-L1 gene is located on chromosome 9p24, and in mice, it is located on chromosome 19B.

Structure of PD - L1

Human PD-L1 gene encodes a 290-amino acid type I transmembrane glycoprotein, which belongs to the immunoglobulin superfamily and is composed of extracellular segment, hydrophobic transmembrane region and 30 amino acid short cytoplasmic domain.

The extracellular domain contains an immunoglobulin homeostasis domain (IgC) and an immunoglobulin alternations domain (IgV), and the cytoplasmic domain contains a protein kinase C phosphorylation site.

PD-L1 has a variety of transcription forms, including 1.8, 3.7, 4.2, 7.2 kb. 4.2 kb mRNA is the main form of transcription. They have the same coding products, and the products have similar functions.

The Expression of PD - L1

PD-L1 is expressed on the surface of dendritic cells, macrophages, T cells, B cells, mesenchymal stem cells and other cells. In non-hematopoietic systems, PD-L1 is expressed on the surface of vascular endothelial cells, epithelial cells, islet cells, skeletal muscle cells, embryonic trophoblast cells and other cells.

The Function of PD - L1

PD-L1 binds with PD-1 on the T cell membrane to produce inhibitory signals, which can prevent the proliferation of CD4+ cells and CD8+ cells and the production of cytokines, change the tumor microenvironment, weaken the body's ability to monitor and remove tumor cells, and produce immune escape.

Tumor-related PD-L1 can promote the apoptosis of activated T cells and stimulate the production of IL-10 in human peripheral blood T cells to regulate immunosuppression. PD-L1 can also act as a receptor on the surface of tumor cells and interact with PD-1 on the surface of T cells to induce endogenous tolerance and avoid being killed by T cells. Injection of PD-L1 monoclonal antibody can repair the function of effector T cells (Teff).

PD-L1 plays a key role in immune tolerance and regulation of autoreactive T and B cells.

Application of PD-L1 in Treatment

Antibodies acting on the PD-1/PD-L1 signaling pathway are divided into two categories, including anti-PD-1 antibodies and anti-PD-L1 antibodies.

Among them, PD-L1 antibodies include avelumab, atezolizumab and durvalumab.

Avelumab has been approved to treat Merkel cell and bladder cancers.

Atezolizumab has been approved for use in NSCLC and bladder cancers.

Durvalumab has been approved for the treatment of bladder cancer and NSCLC (phase III).

More information you may be interested in…

Hot Products of CD274 (PD-L1):

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PD-L1 Monoclonal Antibody (ELISA, WB, IHC, IF, FC) (CSB-MA878942A0m)

PD-L1 Monoclonal Antibody (ELISA, WB, IHC, IF, FC) (CSB-MA878942A1m)

CD274 Antibodies

CD274 Antibodies for Homo sapiens (Human)

CD274 Antibodies for Human

CD274 Proteins

CD274 Proteins for Homo sapiens (Human)

CD274 ELISA Kit

CD274 ELISA Kit for Homo sapiens (Human)

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