MAPK1/MAPK3 (Ab-205/222) Antibody

Datasheet
Code CSB-PA181879
Product Type Polyclonal Antibody
Size US$297
Uniprot No. P28482
Image
  • Western blot analysis of extracts from NIH-3T3 cells, using MAPK1/3 (Ab-205/222) antibody.
  • Western blot analysis of extracts from K562 cells (Lane 2), using MAPK1/3 (Ab-205/222) antiobdy. The lane on the left is treated with synthesized peptide.
Immunogen Synthesized peptide derived from Internal of Human MAPK1.
Raised in Rabbit
Species Reactivity Human,Mouse,Rat
Specificity The antibody detects endogenous levels of total MAPK1/3 protein.
Tested Applications ELISA,WB;WB:1:500-1:3000
Relevance

Serine/threonine kinase which acts as an essential component of the MAP kinase signal transduction pathway. MAPK1/ERK2 and MAPK3/ERK1 are the 2 MAPKs which play an important role in the MAPK/ERK cascade. They participate also in a signaling cascade initiated by activated KIT and KITLG/SCF. Depending on the cellular context, the MAPK/ERK cascade mediates diverse biological functions such as cell growth, adhesion, survival and differentiation through the regulation of transcription, translation, cytoskeletal rearrangements. The MAPK/ERK cascade plays also a role in initiation and regulation of meiosis, mitosis, and postmitotic functions in differentiated cells by phosphorylating a number of transcription factors. About 160 substrates have already been discovered for ERKs. Many of these substrates are localized in the nucleus, and seem to participate in the regulation of transcription upon stimulation. However, other substrates are found in the cytosol as well as in other cellular organelles, and those are responsible for processes such as translation, mitosis and apoptosis. Moreover, the MAPK/ERK cascade is also involved in the regulation of the endosomal dynamics, including lysosome processing and endosome cycling through the perinuclear recycling compartment (PNRC); as well as in the fragmentation of the Golgi apparatus during mitosis. The substrates include transcription factors (such as ATF2, BCL6, ELK1, ERF, FOS, HSF4 or SPZ1), cytoskeletal elements (such as CANX, CTTN, GJA1, MAP2, MAPT, PXN, SORBS3 or STMN1), regulators of apoptosis (such as BAD, BTG2, CASP9, DAPK1, IER3, MCL1 or PPARG), regulators of translation (such as EIF4EBP1) and a variety of other signaling-related molecules (like ARHGEF2, DCC, FRS2 or GRB10). Protein kinases (such as RAF1, RPS6KA1/RSK1, RPS6KA3/RSK2, RPS6KA2/RSK3, RPS6KA6/RSK4, SYK, MKNK1/MNK1, MKNK2/MNK2, RPS6KA5/MSK1, RPS6KA4/MSK2, MAPKAPK3 or MAPKAPK5) and phosphatases (such as DUSP1, DUSP4, DUSP6 or DUSP16) are other substrates which enable the propagation the MAPK/ERK signal to additional cytosolic and nuclear targets, thereby extending the specificity of the cascade. Mediates phosphorylation of TPR in respons to EGF stimulation. May play a role in the spindle assembly checkpoint. Phosphorylates PML and promotes its interaction with PIN1, leading to PML degradation. Acts as a transcriptional repressor. Binds to a [GC]AAA[GC] consensus sequence. Repress the expression of interferon gamma-induced genes. Seems to bind to the promoter of CCL5, DMP1, IFIH1, IFITM1, IRF7, IRF9, LAMP3, OAS1, OAS2, OAS3 and STAT1. Transcriptional activity is independent of kinase activity.

Owaki H., Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 182:1416-1422(1992).
Gonzalez F.A., FEBS Lett. 304:170-178(1992).
Dunham I., Nature 402:489-495(1999).

Form Rabbit IgG in phosphate buffered saline (without Mg2+ and Ca2+), pH 7.4, 150mM NaCl, 0.02% sodium azide and 50% glycerol.
Purification Method The antibody was affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogen.
Clonality Polyclonal
Alias ERK; ERK-2; ERK2; ERT1; Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2
Immunogen Species Homo sapiens (Human)
Protocols ELISA Protocol
Western Blotting(WB) Protocol
Target Names MAPK1/MAPK3
Storage Upon receipt, store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid repeated freeze.
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Function Serine/threonine kinase which acts as an essential component of the MAP kinase signal transduction pathway. MAPK1/ERK2 and MAPK3/ERK1 are the 2 MAPKs which play an important role in the MAPK/ERK cascade. They participate also in a signaling cascade initiated by activated KIT and KITLG/SCF. Depending on the cellular context, the MAPK/ERK cascade mediates diverse biological functions such as cell growth, adhesion, survival and differentiation through the regulation of transcription, translation, cytoskeletal rearrangements. The MAPK/ERK cascade plays also a role in initiation and regulation of meiosis, mitosis, and postmitotic functions in differentiated cells by phosphorylating a number of transcription factors. About 160 substrates have already been discovered for ERKs. Many of these substrates are localized in the nucleus, and seem to participate in the regulation of transcription upon stimulation. However, other substrates are found in the cytosol as well as in other cellular organelles, and those are responsible for processes such as translation, mitosis and apoptosis. Moreover, the MAPK/ERK cascade is also involved in the regulation of the endosomal dynamics, including lysosome processing and endosome cycling through the perinuclear recycling compartment (PNRC); as well as in the fragmentation of the Golgi apparatus during mitosis. The substrates include transcription factors (such as ATF2, BCL6, ELK1, ERF, FOS, HSF4 or SPZ1), cytoskeletal elements (such as CANX, CTTN, GJA1, MAP2, MAPT, PXN, SORBS3 or STMN1), regulators of apoptosis (such as BAD, BTG2, CASP9, DAPK1, IER3, MCL1 or PPARG), regulators of translation (such as EIF4EBP1) and a variety of other signaling-related molecules (like ARHGEF2, DCC, FRS2 or GRB10). Protein kinases (such as RAF1, RPS6KA1/RSK1, RPS6KA3/RSK2, RPS6KA2/RSK3, RPS6KA6/RSK4, SYK, MKNK1/MNK1, MKNK2/MNK2, RPS6KA5/MSK1, RPS6KA4/MSK2, MAPKAPK3 or MAPKAPK5) and phosphatases (such as DUSP1, DUSP4, DUSP6 or DUSP16) are other substrates which enable the propagation the MAPK/ERK signal to additional cytosolic and nuclear targets, thereby extending the specificity of the cascade. Mediates phosphorylation of TPR in respons to EGF stimulation. May play a role in the spindle assembly checkpoint. Phosphorylates PML and promotes its interaction with PIN1, leading to PML degradation. Phosphorylates CDK2AP2 (By similarity).
Subcellular Location Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, spindle, Nucleus, Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, microtubule organizing center, centrosome, Cytoplasm, Membrane, caveola
Protein Families Protein kinase superfamily, CMGC Ser/Thr protein kinase family, MAP kinase subfamily
Database Links

HGNC: 6871

OMIM: 176948

KEGG: hsa:5594

STRING: 9606.ENSP00000215832

UniGene: Hs.431850

Pathway cAMP signaling pathway
Chemokine signaling pathway
ErbB signaling pathway
Estrogen signaling pathway
HIF-1 signaling pathway
MAPK signaling pathway
Melanogenesis
mTOR signaling pathway
PI3K-Akt signaling pathway
TGF-beta signaling pathway
VEGF signaling pathway
Focal adhesion
Gap junction
Lipids and Inflammation in Atherogenesis
Regulation of actin cytoskeleton
TNF signaling pathway
Vascular smooth muscle contraction
Apoptosis
Autophagy
Cellular senescence
Ras signaling pathway
Signaling pathways regulating pluripotency of stem cells
B cell receptor signaling pathway
Fc epsilon RI signaling pathway
Fc gamma R-mediated phagocytosis
IL-17 signaling pathway
Natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity
NOD-like receptor signaling pathway
Osteoclast differentiation
T cell receptor signaling pathway
Th1 and Th2 cell differentiation
Th17 cell differentiation
Toll-like receptor signaling pathway
AGE-RAGE signaling pathway in diabetic complications
Apelin signaling pathway
cGMP-PKG signaling pathway
FoxO signaling pathway
Insulin signaling pathway
Oxidative Phosphorylation
Phospholipase D signaling pathway
Rap1 signaling pathway
Sphingolipid signaling pathway
Excitatory synapse pathway
Glutamatergic synapse
Neurotrophin signaling pathway

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