Bovine transforming growth factor β1,TGF-β1 ELISA Kit

Code CSB-E14208B
Size 96T,5×96T,10×96T
Trial Size 24T ELISA kits trial application
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Product Details

Target Name transforming growth factor, beta 1
Alternative Names TGFB1 ELISA Kit; Transforming growth factor beta-1 proprotein [Cleaved into: Latency-associated peptide ELISA Kit; LAP); Transforming growth factor beta-1 ELISA Kit; TGF-beta-1)] ELISA Kit
Abbreviation TGFB1
Uniprot No. P18341
Species Bos taurus (Bovine)
Sample Types serum, plasma, cell culture supernates
Detection Range 6.25 ng/mL-400 ng/mL
Sensitivity 1.56 ng/mL
Assay Time 1-5h
Sample Volume 50-100ul
Detection Wavelength 450 nm
Research Area Signal Transduction
Assay Principle quantitative
Measurement Sandwich
Intra-assay Precision (Precision within an assay): CV%<8%      
Three samples of known concentration were tested twenty times on one plate to assess.  
Inter-assay Precision (Precision between assays): CV%<10%      
Three samples of known concentration were tested in twenty assays to assess.    
To assess the linearity of the assay, samples were spiked with high concentrations of bovine TGF-β1 in various matrices and diluted with the Sample Diluent to produce samples with values within the dynamic range of the assay.
  Sample Serum(n=4)  
1:1 Average % 99  
Range % 94-103  
1:2 Average % 88  
Range % 83-97  
1:4 Average % 91  
Range % 87-95  
1:8 Average % 95  
Range % 90-100  
The recovery of bovine TGF-β1 spiked to levels throughout the range of the assay in various matrices was evaluated. Samples were diluted prior to assay as directed in the Sample Preparation section.
Sample Type Average % Recovery Range  
Serum (n=5) 91 87-97  
EDTA plasma (n=4) 103 103-109  
Typical Data
These standard curves are provided for demonstration only. A standard curve should be generated for each set of samples assayed.
ng/ml OD1 OD2 Average Corrected  
400 2.684 2.636 2.660 2.537  
200 2.348 2.454 2.401 2.278  
100 1.786 1.884 1.835 1.712  
50 1.031 0.997 1.014 0.891  
25 0.542 0.542 0.542 0.419  
12.5 0.329 0.311 0.320 0.197  
6.25 0.214 0.228 0.221 0.098  
0 0.119 0.126 0.123    
and FAQs
Storage Store at 2-8°C. Please refer to protocol.
Lead Time 3-5 working days

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Target Data

Function Multifunctional protein that controls proliferation, differentiation and other functions in many cell types. Many cells synthesize TGFB1 and have specific receptors for it. It positively and negatively regulates many other growth factors. It plays an important role in bone remodeling as it is a potent stimulator of osteoblastic bone formation, causing chemotaxis, proliferation and differentiation in committed osteoblasts (By similarity). Stimulates sustained production of collagen through the activation of CREB3L1 by regulated intramembrane proteolysis (RIP) (By similarity). Can promote either T-helper 17 cells (Th17) or regulatory T-cells (Treg) lineage differentiation in a concentration-dependent manner. At high concentrations, leads to FOXP3-mediated suppression of RORC and down-regulation of IL-17 expression, favoring Treg cell development. At low concentrations in concert with IL-6 and IL-21, leads to expression of the IL-17 and IL-23 receptors, favoring differentiation to Th17 cells. Mediates SMAD2/3 activation by inducing its phosphorylation and subsequent translocation to the nucleus. Can induce epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and cell migration in various cell types (By similarity).
Gene References into Functions
  1. TGF-beta1 stimulated lubricin secretion by superficial zone chondrocytes at all densities with twice-a-week TGF-beta treatment. It is noteworthy that the daily treatment of TGF-beta1 increased lubricin much higher compared with twice-a-week treatment. PMID: 28578597
  2. hypoxia increased the expression of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) and decreased the expression of neprilysin (NEP), which contributed to the hypoxia-induced Endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition of pulmonary artery endothelial cells. PMID: 27373199
  3. TGF-beta1 modulates the expression of syndecan-4 in cultured vascular endothelial cells in a biphasic manner. PMID: 28019669
  4. Taken together, Staphylococcus aureus induces TGF-beta1 and bFGF expression through the activation of AP-1 and NF-kappaB in bovine mammary gland fibroblasts. PMID: 26948281
  5. localized to maternal septum in the interdigitation area of cotyledonary villi and caruncle PMID: 26382756
  6. The results identify TGFB1 and ESRRA as likely transcriptional regulators of rumen epithelial development and energy metabolism, respectively, and provide targets for modulation of rumen development and function in the growing calf. PMID: 24767884
  7. the combined treatment with TGF-beta1 and BMP-7 or treatment first with TGF-beta1 followed by BMP-7 was more effective than other treatment groups in both chondrogenic differentiation and SZP secretion. PMID: 23848497
  8. Tenascin-X promotes activation of latent TGF-beta1 and subsequent epithelial to mesenchymal transition in mammary epithelial cells. PMID: 24821840
  9. a detailed computational model for TGF-beta signalling that incorporates elements of previous models together with crosstalking between Smad1/5/8 and Smad2/3 channels through a negative feedback loop dependent on Smad7. PMID: 23804438
  10. Endogenous TGF-beta1 became more bioactive following activation of the transgene protein product in chondrocytes. PMID: 24105960
  11. A novel peptide, P2K, regulating TGF-beta1 signaling had an anabolic effect on bovine intervertebral disc cells and rabbit degenerated discs. PMID: 23124260
  12. Data show that TGF-beta pathways operate during ovarian fetal development, and fibrillin 3 is highly expressed at a critical stage early in developing human and bovine fetal ovaries. PMID: 21411746
  13. Role of TGF-beta1 and TNF-alpha in IL-1beta mediated activation of proMMP-9 in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells: involvement of an aprotinin sensitive protease. PMID: 21722622
  14. Immunohistochemistry in rectus abdominis muscle from foetuses at 180 and 260 days post-conception PMID: 12441094
  15. vascular endothelial growth factor indirectly stimulates smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration through the modulation of basic fibroblast growth factor and transforming growth factor beta(1) released by endothelial cells PMID: 12591230
  16. Data show that as antral follicles develop, transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta3 is the most abundant TGF-beta isoform and TGF-beta1 protein levels decline in large follicles. PMID: 14502602
  17. TGF-beta 1 signaling pathway controls pericyte growth state and contractile phenotype PMID: 14609524
  18. Reactive oxygen species mediate TGF-beta1-induced TIMP-3 gene expression PMID: 15203191
  19. MGP plays a role in endothelial cell function, by increasing transforming growth factor-beta1 activity and stimulating VEGF expression PMID: 15456771
  20. Exogenous TGF-beta1, IGF-I, EGF and GH inhibited fetal bovine serum-deficiency-stimulated TGF-beta1 expression in mammary epithelium. PMID: 15747730
  21. ALK5 and Smad4 have roles in TGF-beta1-induced pulmonary endothelial permeability PMID: 16004987
  22. IGF-1 protects against TGF-beta1 mediated apoptosis in mammary gland. PMID: 16077202
  23. TGF-beta1 which is expressed in airways of asthmatics may contribute to irreversible airway remodeling by enhancing airway smooth muscle proliferation PMID: 16390551
  24. The roles of TGF-beta1 and somatotropic pathways proteins in control of the switch between survival and death of bovine mammary epithelial cells are reported. PMID: 17388018
  25. role for TGFbeta signaling in the mechanism of cellular mechanotransduction that is especially significant for joint lubrication PMID: 17968924
  26. Transforming growth factor-beta1 protects against pulmonary artery endothelial cell apoptosis via ALK5. PMID: 18456797
  27. the low friction of articular cartilage can be modified by TGF-beta1 and IL-1beta treatment and that the friction coefficient depends on multiple factors, including superficial zone protein localization and surface roughness PMID: 18683879
  28. Delayed parturition in clone calving may be associated with persistence of elevated TGF-beta-1 expression in late pregnancy. PMID: 19167845
  29. Sustained restoration of circulating latent TGFB1 to levels approaching the normal physiological range does not rescue the infertility phenotype caused by TGFB1 deficiency. PMID: 19383262
  30. TGF-beta1 downregulates caveolin-1 of cultured endothelial cells, involving ALK-5 receptor subtype PMID: 19710365

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Subcellular Location Secreted, extracellular space, extracellular matrix
Protein Families TGF-beta family
Database Links

KEGG: bta:282089

STRING: 9913.ENSBTAP00000027261

UniGene: Bt.469

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