Human Acetyl-CoA carboxylase 1(ACACA) ELISA kit

Instructions
Code CSB-EL001119HU
Size 96T,5×96T,10×96T
Trial Size 24T ELISA kits trial application
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Product Details

Target Name acetyl-Coenzyme A carboxylase alpha
Alternative Names ACAC ELISA Kit; ACACA ELISA Kit; ACACA_HUMAN ELISA Kit; ACACB ELISA Kit; ACC alpha ELISA Kit; ACC ELISA Kit; ACC beta ELISA Kit; ACC-alpha ELISA Kit; ACC1 ELISA Kit; ACC2 ELISA Kit; ACCA ELISA Kit; ACCB ELISA Kit; Acetyl CoA carboxylase 1 ELISA Kit; Acetyl CoA carboxylase 2 ELISA Kit; Acetyl CoA carboxylase alpha ELISA Kit; Acetyl CoA carboxylase beta ELISA Kit; Acetyl Coenzyme A carboxylase alpha ELISA Kit; Acetyl Coenzyme A carboxylase beta ELISA Kit; Biotin carboxylase ELISA Kit; COA1 ELISA Kit; COA2 ELISA Kit; HACC275 ELISA Kit; OTTHUMP00000164069 ELISA Kit; OTTHUMP00000164070 ELISA Kit; OTTHUMP00000164076 ELISA Kit; OTTHUMP00000240532 ELISA Kit
Abbreviation ACACA
Uniprot No. Q13085
Species Homo sapiens (Human)
Sample Types serum, plasma, tissue homogenates, cell lysates
Detection Range 9.38 pg/mL-600 pg/mL
Sensitivity 2.34 pg/mL
Assay Time 1-5h
Sample Volume 50-100ul
Detection Wavelength 450 nm
Research Area Metabolism
Assay Principle quantitative
Measurement Sandwich
Precision
Intra-assay Precision (Precision within an assay): CV%<8%        
Three samples of known concentration were tested twenty times on one plate to assess.    
Inter-assay Precision (Precision between assays): CV%<10%        
Three samples of known concentration were tested in twenty assays to assess.      
               
Linearity
To assess the linearity of the assay, samples were spiked with high concentrations of human ACACA in various matrices and diluted with the Sample Diluent to produce samples with values within the dynamic range of the assay.  
  Sample Serum(n=4)    
1:5 Average % 98    
Range % 96-102    
1:10 Average % 107    
Range % 103-114    
1:20 Average % 94    
Range % 90-98    
1:40 Average % 88    
Range % 86-95    
Recovery
The recovery of human ACACA spiked to levels throughout the range of the assay in various matrices was evaluated. Samples were diluted prior to assay as directed in the Sample Preparation section.  
 
Sample Type Average % Recovery Range    
Serum (n=5) 105 99-108    
EDTA plasma (n=4) 94 90-98    
               
               
Typical Data
These standard curves are provided for demonstration only. A standard curve should be generated for each set of samples assayed.  
 
pg/ml OD1 OD2 Average Corrected    
600 2.169 2.202 2.186 2.004    
300 1.702 1.814 1.758 1.576    
150 1.202 1.254 1.228 1.046    
75 0.711 0.747 0.729 0.547    
37.5 0.503 0.506 0.505 0.323    
18.75 0.284 0.298 0.291 0.109    
9.38 0.236 0.249 0.243 0.061    
0 0.174 0.189 0.182      
    .          
Troubleshooting
and FAQs
ELISA kit FAQs
Storage Store at 2-8°C. Please refer to protocol.
Lead Time 5-7 working days

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Target Data

Function Catalyzes the rate-limiting reaction in the biogenesis of long-chain fatty acids. Carries out three functions
Gene References into Functions
  1. cryo-electron microscopy structures of an ACC1 activated filament that is allosterically induced by citrate (ACC-citrate), and an inactivated filament form that results from binding of the BRCT domains of the breast cancer type 1 susceptibility protein (BRCA1) PMID: 29899443
  2. These data showed that ACC1 gene (ACACA) expression was twofold greater in HCC compared to non-cancerous liver. PMID: 28290443
  3. the present studies report for the first time a role of ACC1 in suppressing breast cancer migration and invasion by an fatty acid synthesis-independent, but acetyl-CoA-dependent, impact on the epithelial-mesenchymal transition programs in breast tumor cells and its subsequent importance for tumor invasion and recurrence. PMID: 29056512
  4. the presence of an internal ribosome entry site in the ACC1 5' UTR allows ACC1 mRNA translation in conditions that are inhibitory to cap-dependent translation. PMID: 29343429
  5. of ACCs decreased polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) concentrations in liver due to reduced malonyl-CoA, which is required for elongation of essential fatty acids. PMID: 28768177
  6. Inhibition of Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase 1 (ACC1) and 2 (ACC2) Reduces Proliferation and De Novo Lipogenesis of EGFRvIII Human Glioblastoma Cells PMID: 28081256
  7. Cetuximab-mediated activation of AMPK and subsequent phosphorylation and inhibition of ACC is followed by a compensatory increase in total ACC, which rewires cancer metabolism from glycolysis-dependent to lipogenesis-dependent. PMID: 27693630
  8. acetyl-CoA carboxylase 1 and senescence regulation in human fibroblasts involves oxidant mediated p38 MAPK activation PMID: 27983949
  9. ACC1 and ACLY regulate the levels of ETV4 under hypoxia via increased alpha-ketoglutarate. These results reveal that the ACC1/ACLY-alpha-ketoglutarate-ETV4 axis is a novel means by which metabolic states regulate transcriptional output PMID: 26452058
  10. Phospho-acetyl-CoA carboxylase protein expression correlates with tumor grade and the disease stage in gastric cancer. PMID: 24924473
  11. ACAT1, ACACA, ALDH6A1 and MTHFD1 represent novel biomarkers in adipose tissue associated with type 2 diabetes in obese individuals. PMID: 25099943
  12. ACACA may constitute a previously unrecognized target for novel anti-breast cancer stem cell therapies. PMID: 25246709
  13. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the ACACA and ACLY genes are associated with a relative change in plasma triglycierides following fish oil supplementation. PMID: 23886516
  14. Exercise training increased AMPKalpha1 activity in older men, however, AMPKalpha2 activity, and the phosphorylation of AMPK, ACC and mTOR, were not affected PMID: 23000302
  15. Metabolic regulation of invadopodia and invasion by acetyl-CoA carboxylase 1 and de novo lipogenesis. PMID: 22238651
  16. IGF-1 reduced ACCalpha phosphorylation via an ATM/AMPK signaling pathway and suppressed ACCalpha expression through an ERK1/2 PMID: 21638027
  17. three major enzymes of the pathway, FASN, ACC, and ACLY, are up-regulated in numerous tumor types. PMID: 21726077
  18. Human cytomegalovirus infection induces an increase in ACC1 mRNA and protein expression. PMID: 21471234
  19. Transient over-expression of CREB1 in HepG2 cells activates ACC1 PII promoter and induces the production of triacylglycerol in response to arachidonic acid (AA), indicating that the effect of AA on ACC1 is possibly regulated via CREB1. PMID: 19842072
  20. data suggest that insulin and glucocorticoid have positive effects on both acetyl-CoA carboxylase alpha(ACC1) and beta(ACC2) gene transcription PMID: 20139635
  21. show that MIG12, a 22 kDa cytosolic protein of previously unknown function, binds to ACC and lowers the threshold for citrate activation into the physiological range. PMID: 20457939
  22. ACC was down-regulated in visceral adipose tissue from obese subjects, with and without diabetes mellitus type 2 PMID: 19543203
  23. This study supports the hypothesis that the direct effects of some antipsychotics on hypertriglyceridemia may be at least partially mediated by the ACACA gene. PMID: 19846279
  24. data suggest that cancer cells require active SCD1 to control the rate of glucose-mediated lipogenesis, and that when SCD1 activity is impaired cells downregulate SFA synthesis via AMPK-mediated inactivation of acetyl-CoA carboxylase PMID: 19710915
  25. Human acetyl-CoA carboxylase 1 gene has three promoters and heterogeneity at the 5'-untranslated mRNA region PMID: 12810950
  26. Transcription of ACC-alpha from at least three promoters and the potential to generate ACC-alpha isozymes with differential susceptibilities to phosphorylation indicate that the regulation of fatty acid synthesis in human tissues is likely to be complex PMID: 14643797
  27. polymorphisms in acetyl-Coenzyme A carboxylase alpha is associated with breast cancer predisposition PMID: 15333468
  28. BRCA1 affects lipogenesis through binding to P-ACCA, suggesting a new mechanism by which BRCA1 may exert a tumor suppressor function PMID: 16326698
  29. the whole BRCA1 protein interacts with ACCA when phosphorylated on Ser1263. PMID: 16698035
  30. a possible role of the ACC-alpha common sequence variants in susceptibility to breast cancer PMID: 17372234
  31. observations provide complete information about the pattern and levels of LKB1 and p-ACC immunostaining in normal tissues and in lung tumors PMID: 17521700
  32. the major mechanism of HER2-mediated induction of FASN and ACCalpha in the breast cancer cells used in this study is translational regulation primarily through the mTOR signaling pathway. PMID: 17631500
  33. AKR1B10 regulates the stability of acetyl-CoA carboxylase-alpha and is a novel regulator of the biosynthesis of fatty acid, an essential component of the cell membrane, in breast cancer cells PMID: 18056116
  34. biochemical analysis of human BRCA1 BRCT domains in complex with a phospho-peptide from human ACC1 PMID: 18452305
  35. Differential activation of recombinant ACC1 and ACC2 by citrate is reported. PMID: 18455495
  36. AMPK alpha2 activity, AMPK alpha2 Thr172 phosphorylation, and ACC-beta Ser222 phosphorylation were increased immediately after exercise. These increases had all returned to basal levels at 3 and 24 h after exercise. PMID: 18614941
  37. Data suggest that increased expression of malonyl CoA decarboxylase, and the decreased expression of acetyl CoA carboxylase and 5'-AMP activated protein kinase are important regulators of the maturation of fatty acid oxidation in the newborn human heart. PMID: 18614968
  38. The interaction between BRCA1 and acetyl-CoA-carboxylase is regulated during cell cycle progression. PMID: 19061860
  39. Data show that kidney bean husk extract exhibited antitumor effects accompanied by the increase in p-AMPK and p-Acc as well as antitumor proteins p53 and p21. PMID: 19723093

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Involvement in disease Acetyl-CoA carboxylase 1 deficiency (ACACAD)
Subcellular Location Cytoplasm
Tissue Specificity Expressed in brain, placental, skeletal muscle, renal, pancreatic and adipose tissues; expressed at low level in pulmonary tissue; not detected in the liver.
Database Links

HGNC: 84

OMIM: 200350

KEGG: hsa:31

STRING: 9606.ENSP00000344789

UniGene: Hs.160556

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